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Statements

Subject Item
dbr:Zhang_Heng
rdf:type
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rdfs:label
Zhang Heng
rdfs:comment
Zhang Heng (Chinese: 張衡; AD 78–139), formerly romanized as Chang Heng, was a Chinese polymathic scientist and statesman who lived during the Han dynasty. Educated in the capital cities of Luoyang and Chang'an, he achieved success as an astronomer, mathematician, seismologist, hydraulic engineer, inventor, geographer, cartographer, ethnographer, artist, poet, philosopher, politician, and literary scholar.
rdfs:seeAlso
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foaf:name
Zhang Heng
dbp:name
Zhang Heng
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dbr:Luoyang
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dbp:deathPlace
Luoyang, China
dbp:birthPlace
Nanyang, China
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dbp:align
right left center
dbp:birthDate
AD 78
dbp:caption
A stamp of Zhang Heng issued by China Post in 1955
dbp:deathDate
AD
dbp:field
dbr:Chinese_calendar dbr:Poetry dbr:Hydraulic_engineering dbr:Mathematics dbr:Seismology dbr:Astronomy dbr:Metaphysics dbr:Chinese_literature dbr:Mechanical_engineering dbr:Geography dbr:Ethnography
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Left: ceramic statues of horse-drawn chariots from the tomb of the wife of Liu Xu , Prince Li of Guangling , a son of Emperor Wu of Han who committed suicide 53 BC; right: a Western Han terracotta cavalier figurine wearing robes and a hat; as Chief Astronomer, Zhang Heng earned a fixed salary and rank of 600 bushels of grain , and so he would have worn a specified type of robe, ridden in a specified type of carriage, and held a unique emblem that marked his status in the official hierarchy. A late Eastern Han Chinese tomb mural showing lively scenes of a banquet , dance and music , acrobatics , and wrestling , from the Dahuting Tomb, on the southern bank of the Suihe River in Zhengzhou, Henan province, China A Western Han terracotta figurine of a serving lady and Han ceramic figures of women. In his poetry, Zhang Heng expressed his affinity for gracious and commendable women. As well as being a painter, Zhang also crafted figurine sculptures similar to this one.
dbp:gr
Jang Herng
dbp:image
Dahuting tomb banquet scene, mural detail, Eastern Han Dynasty.jpg Cerámica Han Guimet 01.JPG Cernuschi Museum 20060812 068.jpg Han Guangling Tomb Museum - Queens Tomb - chariot and horses - P1130019.JPG Cernuschi Museum 20060812 069.jpg Mural Painting of a Banquet Scene from the Han Dynasty Tomb of Ta-hu-t'ing.jpg
dbp:imageSize
185
dbp:j
Zoeng1 Hang4
dbp:knownFor
Seismometer, hydraulic-powered armillary sphere, pi calculation, poetry, universe model, lunar eclipse and solar eclipse theory
dbp:nativeName
dbp:p
Zhāng Héng
dbp:pic
Zhang Heng .svg
dbp:piccap
Zhang's name in Traditional and Simplified Chinese characters
dbp:picupright
0.4
dbp:poj
Tiong Hîng
dbp:s
张衡
dbp:source
Zhang Heng , Sublime Model
dbp:t
張衡
dbp:text
The planets have the nature of water and reflect light. The light pouring forth from the Sun does not always reach the moon owing to the obstruction of the earth itself—this is called 'an-xu', a lunar eclipse. When happens with a planet an occultation; when the Moon passes across then there is a solar eclipse. The Sun is like fire and the Moon like water. The fire gives out light and the water reflects it. Thus the moon's brightness is produced from the radiance of the Sun, and the Moon's darkness is due to the sun being obstructed. The side which faces the Sun is fully lit, and the side which is away from it is dark.
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Chang1 Hêng2
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233 175 190 115 450
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Chēung Hàhng
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Zhang Heng (Chinese: 張衡; AD 78–139), formerly romanized as Chang Heng, was a Chinese polymathic scientist and statesman who lived during the Han dynasty. Educated in the capital cities of Luoyang and Chang'an, he achieved success as an astronomer, mathematician, seismologist, hydraulic engineer, inventor, geographer, cartographer, ethnographer, artist, poet, philosopher, politician, and literary scholar. Zhang Heng began his career as a minor civil servant in Nanyang. Eventually, he became Chief Astronomer, Prefect of the Majors for Official Carriages, and then Palace Attendant at the imperial court. His uncompromising stance on historical and calendrical issues led to his becoming a controversial figure, preventing him from rising to the status of Grand Historian. His political rivalry with the palace eunuchs during the reign of Emperor Shun (r. 125–144) led to his decision to retire from the central court to serve as an administrator of Hejian Kingdom in present-day Hebei. Zhang returned home to Nanyang for a short time, before being recalled to serve in the capital once more in 138. He died there a year later, in 139. Zhang applied his extensive knowledge of mechanics and gears in several of his inventions. He invented the world's first water-powered armillary sphere to assist astronomical observation; improved the inflow water clock by adding another tank; and invented the world's first seismoscope, which discerned the cardinal direction of an earthquake 500 km (310 mi) away. He improved previous Chinese calculations for pi. In addition to documenting about 2,500 stars in his extensive star catalog, Zhang also posited theories about the Moon and its relationship to the Sun: specifically, he discussed the Moon's sphericity, its illumination by reflected sunlight on one side and the hidden nature of the other, and the nature of solar and lunar eclipses. His fu (rhapsody) and shi poetry were renowned in his time and studied and analyzed by later Chinese writers. Zhang received many posthumous honors for his scholarship and ingenuity; some modern scholars have compared his work in astronomy to that of the Greco-Roman Ptolemy (AD 86–161).
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wikipedia-en:Zhang_Heng?oldid=1050771764&ns=0
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*
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Tsãn Ghén
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342
dbo:academicDiscipline
dbr:Hydraulic_engineering dbr:Mechanical_engineering dbr:Astronomy dbr:Chinese_calendar dbr:Metaphysics dbr:Seismology dbr:Mathematics dbr:Geography dbr:Chinese_literature dbr:Ethnography dbr:Poetry
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dbr:Hydraulics dbr:Solar_eclipse dbr:Lunar_eclipse dbr:Shape_of_the_universe dbr:Seismometer dbr:Shi_(poetry) dbr:Pi
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82070
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dbr:Polymath
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n39:synset-scientist-noun-1
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n45:33416697