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Romania ( () ro-MAY-nee-ə; Romanian: România [romɨˈni.a] ()) is a country at the confluence of Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe. It borders Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, Moldova to the east and the Black Sea to the southeast. It has a predominantly temperate-continental climate, and an area of 238,397 km2 (92,046 sq mi), with a population of around 19 million. Romania is the twelfth-largest country in Europe, and the sixth-most populous member state of the European Union. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest; other major urban areas include Iași, Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Galați.
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center "Deșteaptă-te, române!"
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The Danube Delta with its wildlife (President) (Prime Minister ) dbr:Romanian_Black_Sea_resorts dbr:Klaus_Iohannis Putna Monastery in Bukovina, the oldest of the medieval churches of Moldavia dbr:Florin_Cîțu dbr:Bran_Castle
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Romanian
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1330 1360 1918 1570 1600 --05-09 1947-12-30 1989-12-27 1881-03-14 895 1859-01-24
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During the Long Turkish War, Wallachian Prince Michael the Brave reigned briefly over the three medieval principalities of Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania, covering most of the present-day territory of Romania. Noted athletes in the history of Romanian sports : Nadia Comăneci, Gheorghe Hagi, Simona Halep and Cristina Neagu
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Flag of Romania.svg
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Religion in Romania
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Romania
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dbo:abstract
Romania ( () ro-MAY-nee-ə; Romanian: România [romɨˈni.a] ()) is a country at the confluence of Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe. It borders Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, Moldova to the east and the Black Sea to the southeast. It has a predominantly temperate-continental climate, and an area of 238,397 km2 (92,046 sq mi), with a population of around 19 million. Romania is the twelfth-largest country in Europe, and the sixth-most populous member state of the European Union. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest; other major urban areas include Iași, Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Galați. The Danube, Europe's second-longest river, rises in Germany's Black Forest and flows in a southeasterly direction for 2,857 km (1,775 mi), before emptying into Romania's Danube Delta. The Carpathian Mountains, which cross Romania from the north to the southwest, include Moldoveanu Peak, at an altitude of 2,544 m (8,346 ft). Romania was formed in 1859 through a personal union of the Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. The new state, officially named Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877. During World War I, after declaring its neutrality in 1914, Romania fought together with the Allied Powers from 1916. In the aftermath of the war, Bukovina, Bessarabia, Transylvania and parts of Banat, Crișana, and Maramureș became part of the Kingdom of Romania. In June–August 1940, as a consequence of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact and Second Vienna Award, Romania was compelled to cede Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union, and Northern Transylvania to Hungary. In November 1940, Romania signed the Tripartite Pact and, consequently, in June 1941 entered World War II on the Axis side, fighting against the Soviet Union until August 1944, when it joined the Allies and recovered Northern Transylvania. Following the war and occupation by the Red Army, Romania became a socialist republic and a member of the Warsaw Pact. After the 1989 Revolution, Romania began a transition towards democracy and a market economy. Romania is a developing country, with a high-income economy, ranking 49th in the Human Development Index. It has the world's 45th largest economy by nominal GDP. Romania experienced rapid economic growth in the early 2000s; its economy is now based predominantly on services. It is a producer and net exporter of machines and electric energy through companies such as Automobile Dacia and OMV Petrom. Romania has been a member of the United Nations since 1955, NATO since 2004, and the European Union since 2007. The majority of Romania's population are ethnic Romanian and Eastern Orthodox Christians, speaking Romanian, a Romance language.
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46.0 25.0 44.416666666666664 26.1
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Coat of arms of Romania.svg
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Percentage
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1.29 88.92 6.5 3.29
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Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.
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2.38397e+11 2.3839e+11
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Romanian
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A Vlach duke ruling Transylvania around 895, Gelou, is mentioned alongside Glad and Menumorut in the late 12th century Gesta Hungarorum ; a 1247 royal charter, known as the Diploma of the Joannites, mentions four Romanian keneziates in Muntenia and Oltenia.
dbp:footnoteB
The double election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza in Moldavia and Wallachia .
dbp:footnoteC
Independence proclaimed on 9 May 1877, internationally recognised in 1878.
dbp:footnoteD
Romania in the interwar period, following the proclamation of the union in 1918 including Bessarabia, Bukovina, Transylvania, parts of Banat, Crișana and Maramureș, established after the Paris Peace Conference closing World War I in 1920.
dbp:footnoteE
Monarchy was abolished on 30 December 1947 upon the proclamation of the People's Republic and was changed with the new constitution upon its adoption on 21 August 1965 as the Socialist Republic. The Communist regime fell on 22 December 1989, the new democratic government was installed on 20 May 1990 and the new post-communist constitution was adopted on 21 November 1991. Romania joined the European Union on 1 January 2007.
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