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The official language of the Republic of Congo is French. Other languages are mainly Bantu languages, and the two national languages in the country are Kituba and Lingala, followed by Téké (16.9%), Mbochi (13.1%), and more than forty other languages, including languages spoken by Pygmies (1.4%), which are not Bantu languages. French is spoken by 30% of the Congolese population. According to a study by Omar Massoumou, 88% of those in Brazzaville aged over 15 can write simple phrases in French. The dominant sign language is ASL from Nigeria, influenced by local gestures and conventions.

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  • Languages of the Republic of the Congo
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  • The official language of the Republic of Congo is French. Other languages are mainly Bantu languages, and the two national languages in the country are Kituba and Lingala, followed by Téké (16.9%), Mbochi (13.1%), and more than forty other languages, including languages spoken by Pygmies (1.4%), which are not Bantu languages. French is spoken by 30% of the Congolese population. According to a study by Omar Massoumou, 88% of those in Brazzaville aged over 15 can write simple phrases in French. The dominant sign language is ASL from Nigeria, influenced by local gestures and conventions.
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  • Official language
  • National languages
  • Interethnic languages
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  • Republic of the Congo
  • Languages of the
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  • The official language of the Republic of Congo is French. Other languages are mainly Bantu languages, and the two national languages in the country are Kituba and Lingala, followed by Téké (16.9%), Mbochi (13.1%), and more than forty other languages, including languages spoken by Pygmies (1.4%), which are not Bantu languages. French is spoken by 30% of the Congolese population. According to a study by Omar Massoumou, 88% of those in Brazzaville aged over 15 can write simple phrases in French. According to Laval University, because of civil wars that rocked the country, French became a "haven language" for various armed factions. For example, speakers who are incompetent in Kituba and Kikongo (especially those in the north), and Lingala (especially those in the south) prefer to speak French for security reasons. For fear of revealing their ethnicity, the Congolese go to French, which helps preserve their anonymity. (See also: African French) Kituba (or Munukutuba) is a Kikongo-based creole, understandable by the users of different dialects of Kikongo. This language is used by 50.35% of the Congolese population who live along the Congo-Océan railway line which connects Brazzaville to Pointe-Noire in the south of the country. Lingala, the river language, is the language of President Denis Sassou-Nguesso, and is spoken mainly in the north and east of the country. This is the language which has grown most quickly in the past few years in the Congo. Batekes form 16.9% of the population and are mostly found in the Plateaux Department, in the Cuvette-Ouest (where they are known as Mbéti and Tégué), Niari, Bouenza and the Pool region. Ladi (pronunciation : Lari) is the language mostly spoken in the Pool region and in the south of Brazzaville. The dominant sign language is ASL from Nigeria, influenced by local gestures and conventions.
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