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wikipedia-en:Science_fiction
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' 1897 novel The War of the Worlds.]] Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. La science-fiction est un genre narratif, principalement littéraire (littérature et bande dessinée), cinématographique et vidéo-ludique. Comme son nom l'indique, elle consiste à raconter des fictions reposant sur des progrès scientifiques et techniques obtenus dans un futur plus ou moins lointain (il s'agit alors également d'anticipation), parfois dans un passé fictif ou dans un univers parallèle au nôtre, ou des progrès physiquement impossibles, du moins en l'état actuel de nos connaissances. Elle met ainsi en œuvre les thèmes devenus classiques du voyage dans le temps, du voyage interplanétaire ou interstellaire, de la colonisation de l'espace, de la rencontre avec des extra-terrestres, de la confrontation entre l'espèce humaine et ses créations, notamment les robots et les clones, ou de Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. science fiction is something that will change our future, and it helps us to gain more success Zientzia-fikzioa arte-genero zabala da: etorkizunean edo unibertso ezezagunetan gerta litekeenaz hipotesiak egiten dira, egungo zientzia- eta teknika-ezagueretan oinarrituta. nahas daiteke, baina genero horren kokalekua fantasiako munduak izaten dira (Eraztunen Jauna, kasu). Zientzia-fikzioak hainbat ezaugarri ditu: Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of specifically speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Sciencfikcio aŭ estas literaturo aŭ kinarto pri okazaĵoj en iugrade probabla mondo, plej ofte estonteco aŭ malproksima pasinteco, sed foje ankaŭ en la nuno (aŭ en paralela mondo aŭ eĉ en ĉi tiu). Ofte ĝi prifilozofiumas aŭ kritikas hodiaŭan socion. (Male al fantasto, kiu ne postulas tian logikon, sciencfikcio estu bazita sur faktoj - ofte almenaŭ sur fikcioj kiuj aspektas kiel faktoj.) La limoj de la ĝenro ne estas klaraj. Foje verkaĵoj markitaj "scienc-fikciaj" estas vere aventuraĵoj en pli ekzotika ejo aŭ filozofiaj eseoj perrakontigitaj. Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is speculative fiction about the future. It typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Sciencefiction (afgekort sf, scifi of essef, in het Engels als science fiction gespeld), is een artistiek genre dat vertegenwoordigd is in literatuur, stripverhalen, films, televisieseries, hoorspelen en computerspellen. Criticus Darko Suvin hanteert de volgende definitie: "een literair genre of woordconstructie waarvan de [...] voorwaarden de aanwezigheid en interactie van vervreemding en cognitie zijn, en waarvan het belangrijkste instrument een verbeeldingskader is dat een alternatief vormt voor de empirische omgeving van de auteur." サイエンス・フィクション(英語: Science Fiction、略語:SF、Sci-Fi、エスエフ)は、科学的な空想にもとづいたフィクションの総称。メディアによりSF小説、SF漫画、SF映画、SFアニメなどとも分類される。日本では科学小説、空想科学小説とも訳されている(詳細はを参照)。 الخيال العلمي ويعرف في اللغة الإنجليزية بمصطلح Science Fiction ويشار إليه اختصارا بـ "Sci-Fi" أو "SF"، وهو نوع من الفن الأدبي الذي يعتمد على الخيال، وفي قاموس المعاني يعرف الخيال العلمي بأنه: (نوع أدبيّ أو سينمائيّ تكون فيه القصَّة الخياليّة مبنيَّة على الاكتشافات العلميَّة التأمليَّة والتغيّرات البيئيّة وارتياد الفضاء، والحياة على الكواكب الأخرى)،حيث يخلق المؤلف عالما خياليا أو كونا ذا طبيعة جديدة بالاستعانة بتقنيات أدبية متضمنة فرضيات أو استخدام لنظريات علمية فيزيائية أو بيولوجية أو تقنية أو حتى فلسفية. ومن الممكن أن يتخيل المؤلف نتائج هذه الظواهر أو النظريات محاولا اكتشاف ما ستؤول إليه الحياة ومتطرقا لمواضيع فلسفية أحيانا. وقد تتناول موضوع القيم في عالم جديد مختلف، ولكن ما يميز أدب الخيال العلمي أنه يحاول أن يبقى متسقا مع النظريات العلمية والقوانين الطبيعية دون الاستعانة بقوى سحرية أو غ Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Fantastyka naukowa (ang. science fiction) – gatunek literacki, filmowy oraz gier komputerowych o fabule osnutej na przewidywanych osiągnięciach nauki i techniki oraz ukazującej ich wpływ na życie jednostki lub społeczeństwa. W świecie przedstawionym utworów nie występują elementy cudowności, a także przestrzega się zasad prawdopodobieństwa. Razem z fantasy i horrorem, fantastyka naukowa zaliczana jest do fantastyki. Anglojęzyczny termin science fiction został spopularyzowany w latach dwudziestych XX wieku przez amerykańskiego wydawcę Hugo Gernsbacka. Science fiction är en genre inom litteratur och film där bärande element i intrig eller miljö har inslag grundade på vetenskapliga eller teknologiska spekulationer. Begreppet förkortas sedan 1920-talet på svenska oftast som sf, på brittisk engelska SF och på amerikansk engelska sci-fi. En enklare distinktion är att sf används av författare och fandom, medan sci-fi är journalist-jargong. Vissa hävdar att sf och sci-fi syftar på olika genrer, där den förra betecknar den "egentliga" science fiction-genren, medan den senare har börjat användas på svenska och då skulle syfta på action- eller äventyrsberättelser i rymdmiljö, detta är dock en uppdelning som debatteras livligt och inte sällan används sci-fi som synonymt med sf. Internationellt används ofta motsvarigheter till ordet "vetenskapsfan ("Sci Fi", "Scifi", and "Sci-Fi" redirect here. For other uses, see Scifi (disambiguation).) Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. visit here for more. click below[](For other uses, see Science fiction (disambiguation).) ("Sci Fi", "Scifi", and "Sci-Fi" redirect here. For other uses, see Scifi (disambiguation).) Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. La fantascienza è un genere di narrativa popolare di successo sviluppatosi nel Novecento, che ha le sue radici nel romanzo scientifico. Dalla letteratura la fantascienza si è massicciamente estesa agli altri mass media, anzitutto il cinema, quindi i fumetti, la televisione e i videogiochi. Il termine è usato, in senso più generale, in riferimento a qualsiasi tipo di letteratura di fantasia che includa un fattore scientifico, comprendendo a volte ogni genere di racconto fantastico; un certo grado di plausibilità scientifica rimane tuttavia un requisito essenziale. Fiksi ilmiah adalah suatu bentuk fiksi spekulatif yang terutama membahas tentang pengaruh dan perkembangan teknologi yang diimajinasikan terhadap masyarakat dan para individual. Batasan dari genre ini tidak pernah diterangkan dengan jelas, dan garis pembatas antara sub-genre-nya tidaklah tetap. Banyak yang menyingkatkan kata fiksi ilmiah "sci-fi" (bahasa Inggris: science fiction) atau "SF". Contoh-contoh fiksi ilmiah yang terkenal: Seánra ficsin is ea an ficsean eolaíochta (nó an finsceolaíocht uaireanta) a dhéanann tuairimíocht ar an todhchaí agus ar na forbairtí ardteicneolaíochta a bheidh i ndán dúinn. Tá ráchairt mhór inniu ar an bhficsean eolaíochta ina lán meán éagsúil cosúil le leabhair, seónna teilifíse, scannáin, , amharclannaíocht agus araile. Ní féidir i gcónaí an ficsean eolaíochta a aithint thar sheánraí eile den chineál ficsin ar a dtugtar ficsean tuairimeach air, cosúil leis an litríocht fantaisíochta agus an litríocht uafáis. Ar na saintréithe seo is minic a aithnítear an ficsean eolaíochta: , as predicted in August 1958 in the science fiction magazine Imagination.]] Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is not even real genre of speculative fiction that doesn't deal with imaginative and sustainable ideas such as mythological science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fition (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. , as predicted in August 1958 in the science fiction magazine Imagination.]] Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. 사이언스픽션(영어: Science Fiction) 또는 줄여서 SF는 미래의 배경, 미래의 과학과 기술, 우주여행, 시간여행, 초광속여행, 평행우주, 외계생명체 등을 소재로 하는 장르이다. 소설인 경우, 과학소설(科學小說)이라고 한다. SF는 종종 과학적인것을 포함한 다른 혁신스런 잠재적인 결과를 탐구하여 "아이디어문학"이라 불리곤 했다. Ciencia ficción es la denominación de uno de los géneros derivados de la literatura de ficción, junto con la literatura fantástica y la narrativa de terror. Algunos autores estiman que el término es una mala traducción del inglés science fiction y que la correcta es ficción científica.​ Nacida como género en la década de 1920 (aunque hay obras reconocibles muy anteriores) y exportada posteriormente a otros medios, como el cinematográfico, historietístico y televisivo, gozó de un gran auge en la segunda mitad del siglo XX debido al interés popular acerca del futuro que despertó el espectacular avance tanto científico como tecnológico alcanzado durante todos estos años. , as predicted in August 1958 in the science fiction magazine Imagination.]] Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that doesn't deal with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. La ciència-ficció o anticipació és un gènere literari de ficció on els relats sovint ens presenten els efectes o les repercussions dels avenços científics i tecnològics, presents o futurs, en la societat o en els individus, i tot això acompanyat d'aventures i de situacions commovedores i sorprenents. El seu nom deriva d'una traducció incorrecta del terme en anglès, science fiction, la traducció correcta seria ficció científica. Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and [[lige], space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Научная фантастика (НФ) — жанр в литературе, кино и других видах искусства, одна из разновидностей фантастики. Научная фантастика основывается на фантастических допущениях (вымысле, спекуляции) в области науки, включая как точные, так и естественные, и гуманитарные науки. Научная фантастика описывает вымышленные технологии и научные открытия, контакты с нечеловеческим разумом, возможное будущее или альтернативный ход истории, а также влияние этих допущений на человеческое общество и личность. Действие научной фантастики часто происходит в будущем, что роднит этот жанр с футурологией. Science fiction (sometimes shortened to 'yo its lacey') is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Науко́ва фанта́стика (англ. скорочення sci-fi) (від грец. phantastikos — той, що стосується уяви) — жанр та метод у художній творчості; фантастика, в основі якої лежить екстраполяція на теми науки та технологій. В НФ-творах зображаються речі принципово можливі в рамках сучасної науки, засновані на теоріях або припущеннях. Важливе значення має також переконливе обґрунтування зображуваного. Наприклад, багато творів засновані на допущенні надсвітлових швидкостей, що суперечить спеціальної теорії відносності Ейнштейна, але все ж може обґрунтовуватися наукою. Досить часто, при вживанні терміну «фантастика», мається на увазі саме наукова фантастика. Засновником наукової фантастики вважається французький письменник Жуль Верн. Ficção científica (normalmente abreviado para SF, FC, sci-fi ou scifi) é um gênero da ficção especulativa, que normalmente lida com conceitos ficcionais e imaginativos, relacionados ao futuro, ciência e tecnologia, e seus impactos e/ou consequências em uma determinada sociedade ou em seus indivíduos, desenvolvido no século XIX. Conhecida também como a "literatura das ideias", evita utilizar-se do sobrenatural, tema mais recorrente na Fantasia, baseando-se em fatos científicos e reais para compor enredos ficcionais. [](For other uses, see Science fiction (disambiguation).) ("Sci Fi", "Scifi", and "Sci-Fi" redirect here. For other uses, see Scifi (disambiguation).) Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. It is agreed that all science fiction works need at least one robot in them. :/ Science fiction (sometimes called sci-fi or just SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction (sometimes called sci-fi or just SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of [[Innovation|scientifichorror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. However its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, and scholars. Vbbbn Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. 科學幻想也作科學虛構,簡稱科幻,是虚构作品的一种类型,描述诸如未来科技、时间旅行、超光速旅行、平行宇宙、外星生命、人工智慧、錯置歷史等有关科学的想象性内容。科幻作品包括科幻小说、科幻电影、、科幻漫畫、、等不同的类别。科幻目前已逐渐发展成为一种文化和风格,而科幻文化也成为了一种由科幻作品衍生而来的次文化,和較為嚴謹的學術領域未來學有密切的關係。 Vědeckofantastický žánr nebo též sci-fi a SF (zkratky anglického science fiction) je umělecký žánr (především literární, filmový, či ), vymezený výskytem spekulativních technologií a přírodních jevů anebo dosud neznámých forem života v díle. Děj sci-fi je často zasazen do vesmíru, budoucnosti či alternativní historie. Sci-fi je žánr blízký fantasy, kde je ale místo technologií hlavní rekvizitou většinou magie a fyzická síla (tzv. příběhy „meče a magie“). Oba žánry se ovlivňují a částečně prorůstají; jedním z takových průniků jsou například díla žánru science fantasy. Science fiction (sometimes shortened to yo its lacey) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science-Fiction [ˌsaɪəns ˈfɪkʃən̩] (englisch science: Wissenschaft, fiction: Fiktion) ist ein Genre in Literatur (Prosa, Comic), Film, Hörspiel, Videospiel und Kunst. Charakteristisch sind wissenschaftlich-technische Spekulationen, Raumfahrtthemen, ferne Zukunft, fremde Zivilisationen und meist zukünftige Entwicklungen. Auch die Schreibweise Science Fiction (seltener Sciencefiction) ist gebräuchlich. Übliche Abkürzungen sind Sci-Fi oder SciFi ([saɪ̯faɪ̯], auch [saɪ̯fɪ]) sowie SF. Η επιστημονική φαντασία ή ΕΦ είναι κατηγορία του ευρύτερου μυθοπλαστικού τομέα του φανταστικού στην οποία πιθανές και εύλογες μελλοντικές ή εναλλακτικές εξελίξεις στην επιστήμη, στην τεχνολογία ή στην κοινωνία κατέχουν κεντρικό ρόλο στην πλοκή ή στο περιβάλλον όπου εκτυλίσσεται η ιστορία. Είναι ωστόσο σύνηθες ένας κόσμος επιστημονικής φαντασίας να χρησιμοποιείται μόνο ως σκηνικό για την αφήγηση κάποιας πιο συμβατικής ιστορίας (π.χ. ). Συνηθισμένα αφηγηματικά μοτίβα που κατηγοριοποιούνται κατά σύμβαση ως ΕΦ είναι το ταξίδι στο χρόνο, η επαφή με εξωγήινους πολιτισμούς, ο αποικισμός πλανητών, τα ευφυή ρομπότ και η τεχνητή νοημοσύνη, τα φαινόμενα Ψ, ιδιότητες όπως η αθανασία, η τηλεμεταφορά και η , χαμένοι πολιτισμοί, η μελλοντική εξέλιξη του ανθρώπινου είδους, μία πιθανή κατάρρευση του πολιτι «Ми-ми-ми́шки» — российский мультипликационный сериал, созданный анимационной студией «».Транслируется с 2015 года на телеканалах «», «», «» (в рамках вечерней детской телепрограммы «»), с декабря 2016 года на телеканале «Россия 1». С 2016 года по мотивам сериала было выпущено шесть мобильных игр и приложений. В 2018 году права на показ первого сезона мультсериала «Ми-ми-мишки» купил Netflix.
rdfs:label
Fiksi ilmiah Fantastyka naukowa Ciència-ficció Sciencfikcio Science-Fiction 科學幻想 خيال علمي Ficção científica Fantascienza Научная фантастика Sciencefiction Επιστημονική φαντασία Science fiction Science fiction サイエンス・フィクション SF (장르) Ficsean eolaíochta Zientzia-fikzio Наукова фантастика Science-fiction Ciencia ficción Science fiction
rdfs:seeAlso
dbr:List_of_science_fiction_authors dbr:Outline_of_science_fiction
dbo:abstract
Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. Its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, scholars, and readers. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder".. Prevalent elements include robots, extraterrestrials, outer space, 사이언스픽션(영어: Science Fiction) 또는 줄여서 SF는 미래의 배경, 미래의 과학과 기술, 우주여행, 시간여행, 초광속여행, 평행우주, 외계생명체 등을 소재로 하는 장르이다. 소설인 경우, 과학소설(科學小說)이라고 한다. SF는 종종 과학적인것을 포함한 다른 혁신스런 잠재적인 결과를 탐구하여 "아이디어문학"이라 불리곤 했다. Научная фантастика (НФ) — жанр в литературе, кино и других видах искусства, одна из разновидностей фантастики. Научная фантастика основывается на фантастических допущениях (вымысле, спекуляции) в области науки, включая как точные, так и естественные, и гуманитарные науки. Научная фантастика описывает вымышленные технологии и научные открытия, контакты с нечеловеческим разумом, возможное будущее или альтернативный ход истории, а также влияние этих допущений на человеческое общество и личность. Действие научной фантастики часто происходит в будущем, что роднит этот жанр с футурологией. Science fition (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. However its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, and scholars. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". , as predicted in August 1958 in the science fiction magazine Imagination.]] Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is not even real genre of speculative fiction that doesn't deal with imaginative and sustainable ideas such as mythological science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. Its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, scholars, and readers. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". Prevalent elements include robots, extraterrestrials, space travel, outer space, and futuristic technology. Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go backuerygt 8ewury gt8yuew tr8uwerhguiwhrughg to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and fiction, and crjghuygrwjehbgriweurghrihbgiwrugweontains many subgenres. However its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, and scholars. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". La science-fiction est un genre narratif, principalement littéraire (littérature et bande dessinée), cinématographique et vidéo-ludique. Comme son nom l'indique, elle consiste à raconter des fictions reposant sur des progrès scientifiques et techniques obtenus dans un futur plus ou moins lointain (il s'agit alors également d'anticipation), parfois dans un passé fictif ou dans un univers parallèle au nôtre, ou des progrès physiquement impossibles, du moins en l'état actuel de nos connaissances. Elle met ainsi en œuvre les thèmes devenus classiques du voyage dans le temps, du voyage interplanétaire ou interstellaire, de la colonisation de l'espace, de la rencontre avec des extra-terrestres, de la confrontation entre l'espèce humaine et ses créations, notamment les robots et les clones, ou de la catastrophe apocalyptique planétaire. L'intrigue des récits de science-fiction peut se dérouler sur Terre (utopie, dystopie appelée aussi contre-utopie), dans l'espace (vaisseau spatial, exoplanètes, space opera) ou les deux. Les récits peuvent décrire la science dure avec le biopunk, le cyberpunk et postcyberpunk (robots) en partant des connaissances actuelles (scientifiques, technologiques, et ethnologiques). Ce genre peut parfois être associée à d'autres genres, comprenant une dimension inexplicable ou imaginaire comme la religion qui associe à la fois le fantastique (steampunk et réalisme fantastique : mythologie, extra-terrestre, monde perdu, mondes parallèles) et la fantasy (space fantasy faisant souvent intervenir la magie), ainsi que la guerre ou l'humour. Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of specifically speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. Its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, scholars, and readers. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". Prevalent elements include robots, extraterrestrials, space travel, outer space, and futuristic technology. 科學幻想也作科學虛構,簡稱科幻,是虚构作品的一种类型,描述诸如未来科技、时间旅行、超光速旅行、平行宇宙、外星生命、人工智慧、錯置歷史等有关科学的想象性内容。科幻作品包括科幻小说、科幻电影、、科幻漫畫、、等不同的类别。科幻目前已逐渐发展成为一种文化和风格,而科幻文化也成为了一种由科幻作品衍生而来的次文化,和較為嚴謹的學術領域未來學有密切的關係。 Vědeckofantastický žánr nebo též sci-fi a SF (zkratky anglického science fiction) je umělecký žánr (především literární, filmový, či ), vymezený výskytem spekulativních technologií a přírodních jevů anebo dosud neznámých forem života v díle. Děj sci-fi je často zasazen do vesmíru, budoucnosti či alternativní historie. Sci-fi je žánr blízký fantasy, kde je ale místo technologií hlavní rekvizitou většinou magie a fyzická síla (tzv. příběhy „meče a magie“). Oba žánry se ovlivňují a částečně prorůstají; jedním z takových průniků jsou například díla žánru science fantasy. Zientzia-fikzioa arte-genero zabala da: etorkizunean edo unibertso ezezagunetan gerta litekeenaz hipotesiak egiten dira, egungo zientzia- eta teknika-ezagueretan oinarrituta. nahas daiteke, baina genero horren kokalekua fantasiako munduak izaten dira (Eraztunen Jauna, kasu). Zientzia-fikzioak hainbat ezaugarri ditu: * Etorkizunean edo denbora alternatiboan kokatzen da. * Kanpo-espazio edo bizitza estralurtarrarekin du harremana. * Aurkikuntza zientifiko edo teknologiko berrien aplikazioa: denbora bidaiak, nanoteknologia, robotak... * Gaur egun edo lehen ezagutu ziren sistema politiko edo sozial desberdinak agertzea. ' 1897 novel The War of the Worlds.]] Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. Its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, scholars, and readers. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". Prevalent elements include robots, extraterrestrials, space travel, outer space, and futuristic technology. Fantastyka naukowa (ang. science fiction) – gatunek literacki, filmowy oraz gier komputerowych o fabule osnutej na przewidywanych osiągnięciach nauki i techniki oraz ukazującej ich wpływ na życie jednostki lub społeczeństwa. W świecie przedstawionym utworów nie występują elementy cudowności, a także przestrzega się zasad prawdopodobieństwa. Razem z fantasy i horrorem, fantastyka naukowa zaliczana jest do fantastyki. Anglojęzyczny termin science fiction został spopularyzowany w latach dwudziestych XX wieku przez amerykańskiego wydawcę Hugo Gernsbacka. Fantastyką naukową zajmuje się nie tylko historia literatury i krytyka literacka, ale także socjologia, psychologia i futurologia. Wizje przyszłych światów są też interesujące z punktu widzenia politologii. Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. Its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, scholars, and readers. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. science fiction is something that will change our future, and it helps us to gain more success Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. However its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, and scholars. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". Science-Fiction [ˌsaɪəns ˈfɪkʃən̩] (englisch science: Wissenschaft, fiction: Fiktion) ist ein Genre in Literatur (Prosa, Comic), Film, Hörspiel, Videospiel und Kunst. Charakteristisch sind wissenschaftlich-technische Spekulationen, Raumfahrtthemen, ferne Zukunft, fremde Zivilisationen und meist zukünftige Entwicklungen. Auch die Schreibweise Science Fiction (seltener Sciencefiction) ist gebräuchlich. Übliche Abkürzungen sind Sci-Fi oder SciFi ([saɪ̯faɪ̯], auch [saɪ̯fɪ]) sowie SF. Sciencfikcio aŭ estas literaturo aŭ kinarto pri okazaĵoj en iugrade probabla mondo, plej ofte estonteco aŭ malproksima pasinteco, sed foje ankaŭ en la nuno (aŭ en paralela mondo aŭ eĉ en ĉi tiu). Ofte ĝi prifilozofiumas aŭ kritikas hodiaŭan socion. (Male al fantasto, kiu ne postulas tian logikon, sciencfikcio estu bazita sur faktoj - ofte almenaŭ sur fikcioj kiuj aspektas kiel faktoj.) La termino devenas de la anglalingva science fiction [SAJens FIKŝn], origine scientifiction [sajENTifikŝn]; la termino lanĉita de Hugo Gernsback en sia revuo Amazing Stories en 1926. Internacie, la anglalingva termino "science fiction" disvastiĝis en multajn lingvojn; en la itala, tamen, oni diras fantascienza, kaj la Esperanto-poeto William Auld proponis en Esperanto la analogan vorton fantascienco, kiu tamen ne enradikiĝis. Sciencfikcio ekestis kiel reago al la efikita de la scienco kaj teĥniko de industria revolucio dum la 19-a jarcento. La romano Frankenstein de la anglino Mary Shelley, publikigita en 1818, estas foje rigardata kiel la unua vere sciencfikcia romano, kaj fine de la jarcento transprenis la taskon unue la franco Jules Verne kaj poste la anglo H. G. Wells. Aŭtoroj onten la principojn kies efikon ili spertis. Ili ankaŭ priskribas imagajn sociojn (utopioj kaj distopioj) rezultintaj el malsamaj kondiĉoj. Subĝenro temas pri kosmoesplorado. En tiu fariĝas tre okulfraba kaj solvenda la problemo pri tio, per kiu lingvo parolu la eksterteranoj. Ofte oni sendeviĝas de ĝi enkondukante iun formon de universala tradukilo. La limoj de la ĝenro ne estas klaraj. Foje verkaĵoj markitaj "scienc-fikciaj" estas vere aventuraĵoj en pli ekzotika ejo aŭ filozofiaj eseoj perrakontigitaj. Science fiction (sometimes shortened to yo its lacey) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. Its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, scholars, and readers. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". Prevalent elements include robots, extraterrestrials, space travel, outer space, and futuristic technology. Seánra ficsin is ea an ficsean eolaíochta (nó an finsceolaíocht uaireanta) a dhéanann tuairimíocht ar an todhchaí agus ar na forbairtí ardteicneolaíochta a bheidh i ndán dúinn. Tá ráchairt mhór inniu ar an bhficsean eolaíochta ina lán meán éagsúil cosúil le leabhair, seónna teilifíse, scannáin, , amharclannaíocht agus araile. Ní féidir i gcónaí an ficsean eolaíochta a aithint thar sheánraí eile den chineál ficsin ar a dtugtar ficsean tuairimeach air, cosúil leis an litríocht fantaisíochta agus an litríocht uafáis. Is é an phríomhdhifríocht idir an ficsean eolaíochta agus an litríocht fantaisíochta go mbíonn craiceann inchreidte éigin ar imeachtaí an fhicsin eolaíochta agus é bunaithe ar an eolaíocht agus ar na dlíthe nádúrtha, nó ar a laghad, go mbíonn na himeachtaí éadóchúla ag brath ar ghléasra ardteicneolaíochta a bhfuil cuma réasúnta inchreidte air de réir shaoltaithí an léitheora. Bíonn na scríbhneoirí ag iarraidh cur síos a thabhairt ar an saol difriúil a bheadh ann dá mbeadh na haireagáin ardteicneolaíochta ann i ndáiríre agus ar na difríochtaí idir ár sochaí féin agus an tsochaí a bheadh ann ansin. Ansin atá cuid mhór den draíocht a chuireann an ficsean eolaíochta ar an léitheoir, agus bíonn idéanna spéisiúla den chineál sin níos tábhachtaí, go minic, ná an charachtracht agus an phlotáil. Sin é an tuige go dtugtar "litríocht na n-idéanna" ar an bhficsean eolaíochta chomh maith. Ar na saintréithe seo is minic a aithnítear an ficsean eolaíochta: * Tá na himeachtaí suite i malairt saoil agus i : cuir i gcás go bhfuil Hitler tar éis an Dara Cogadh Domhanda a ghnóthú (Fatherland le Robert Harris, SS-GB le , nó The Man in the High Castle le ), nó an Ghaeilge á labhairt go forleathan ag uasal is ag íseal ar fud na hÉireann (A.D. 2016 le Pádraig Standún). * Tá na himeachtaí suite amuigh sa spás i bhfad ón Domhan, agus neachanna eachtardhomhanda ag baint leis an bplota. * Tá teicneolaíocht ann nach bhfuil ag cloí le dlíthe an nádúir mar is aithin dúinn iad inniu. * Cuid den scéal is ea an dóigh a n-aithnítear dlíthe nua nádúir nach eol dúinn inniu, agus iad á gcur in oiriúint don teicneolaíocht. Samplaí de seo is ea léamh na hintinne (The Demolished Man le Alfred Bester), an cianiompar nó an léim tríd an hipearspás (Tiger, Tiger! le hAlfred Bester, a chuaigh i gcló faoin teideal The Stars My Destination freisin), an róbataic agus na róbait dhaonchosúla (scéalta róbataice le hIsaac Asimov faoi Powell agus Donovan, nó faoi Susan Calvin), an taisteal forsholasach (sárú luas an tsolais), agus araile. Is fiú na scéalta diostóipeacha a lua anseo freisin, is é sin, na scéalta faoin dóigh a gcuireann an teicneolaíocht an tsochaí ó mhaith, ionas go dtagann deachtóireacht agus ollsmacht ar an bhfód (Fahrenheit 451 le , Brave New World le hAldous Huxley, 1984 le George Orwell, Mockingbird le Walter Tevis, nó Make Room! Make Room! le Harry Harrison). Science fiction är en genre inom litteratur och film där bärande element i intrig eller miljö har inslag grundade på vetenskapliga eller teknologiska spekulationer. Begreppet förkortas sedan 1920-talet på svenska oftast som sf, på brittisk engelska SF och på amerikansk engelska sci-fi. En enklare distinktion är att sf används av författare och fandom, medan sci-fi är journalist-jargong. Vissa hävdar att sf och sci-fi syftar på olika genrer, där den förra betecknar den "egentliga" science fiction-genren, medan den senare har börjat användas på svenska och då skulle syfta på action- eller äventyrsberättelser i rymdmiljö, detta är dock en uppdelning som debatteras livligt och inte sällan används sci-fi som synonymt med sf. Internationellt används ofta motsvarigheter till ordet "vetenskapsfantastik" (ryska: nautjnaja fantastika) och en föreslagen äldre svensk översättning är "vetsaga" vilket inte fått någon större spridning. Historiskt sett har fantasy och science fiction till stor del gemensamma rötter. Termen science fiction, bildat av de engelska orden för vetenskap (science) och skönlitteratur (fiction), myntades av tidskriftsutgivaren och -redaktören Hugo Gernsback under 1920-talet. 1926 definierade Gernsback vad han kallade för scientification, i den egna tidskriften Amazing Stories, som naturvetenskapliga äventyrsberättelser med tydliga didaktiska inslag. Enligt Gernsback skulle dessa berättelser vara skrivna med stor vetenskaplig korrekthet och han angav att en berättelse idealt skulle bestå av 75% litteratur och 25% vetenskap. Senare förvanskade han sitt eget begrepp och kallade det istället för Scientifiction. 1929 använde han så begreppet Science fiction för första gången vilket skedde i det första numret av hans tidskrift Science Wonder Stories. John-Henri Holmberg definierar i Inre landskap och yttre rymd science fiction på två sätt, dels att det är "realistiska spekulationer i alternativ och förändring", dels att det snarare är författarens inställning till sitt verk än form eller tematiskt innehåll som gör att ett verk kan sägas vara science fiction. Den sistnämnda varianten ligger nära författaren och kritikern Damon Knights åsikt att "Science fiction är det jag pekar på när jag säger 'science fiction'.". Inom science fiction ryms allt från tunga verk som lodar i det mänskliga djupet, till rena tekniska teorier, till nästan sagolika berättelser som inte sällan gränsar till fantasy, och därtill en hel uppsjö av kioskpocketkultur samt rena såpor i rymdmiljö. Dock har inom science fiction utvecklats några distinkta underavdelningar, som har en del karakteristiska drag gemensamt, exempelvis cyberpunken och dystopierna; dessa två har en del gemensamt, men skiljer sig ändå på en del viktiga punkter. Ett centralt begrepp inom sf, som går tillbaka på 1940-talet, är den känsla som på engelska kallas "Sense of Wonder" och som infinner sig, när man träffar på riktigt bra sf. Den närmaste svenska parallellen är när man häpnar över något som är oväntat, storslaget, banbrytande, klurigt eller fantastiskt; antingen ett eller flera av dessa begrepp i kombination. "Sense of Wonder" är ofta med i motiveringar till de priser som delas ut till verk av framstående författare i genren. [](For other uses, see Science fiction (disambiguation).) ("Sci Fi", "Scifi", and "Sci-Fi" redirect here. For other uses, see Scifi (disambiguation).) Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. However its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, and scholars. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. However its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, and scholars. It is agreed that all science fiction works need at least one robot in them. :/ Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". , as predicted in August 1958 in the science fiction magazine Imagination.]] Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. Its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, scholars, and readers. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". Prevalent elements include robots, extraterrestrials, space travel, outer space, and futuristic technology. Fiksi ilmiah adalah suatu bentuk fiksi spekulatif yang terutama membahas tentang pengaruh dan perkembangan teknologi yang diimajinasikan terhadap masyarakat dan para individual. Batasan dari genre ini tidak pernah diterangkan dengan jelas, dan garis pembatas antara sub-genre-nya tidaklah tetap. Banyak yang menyingkatkan kata fiksi ilmiah "sci-fi" (bahasa Inggris: science fiction) atau "SF". Contoh-contoh fiksi ilmiah yang terkenal: * Frankenstein * Karya-karya penulis Prancis Jules Verne * Star Trek * Star Wars * Kiteretsu Daihyakka * Avengers: Endgame (Menjadi satu satunya film Marvel yang hingga saat ini bergenre Fiksi Ilmiah). * Science fiction (sometimes called sci-fi or just SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of [[Innovation|scientifichorror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. However its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, and scholars. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and [[lige], space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. However its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, and scholars. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". «Ми-ми-ми́шки» — российский мультипликационный сериал, созданный анимационной студией «».Транслируется с 2015 года на телеканалах «», «», «» (в рамках вечерней детской телепрограммы «»), с декабря 2016 года на телеканале «Россия 1». С 2016 года по мотивам сериала было выпущено шесть мобильных игр и приложений. В 2018 году права на показ первого сезона мультсериала «Ми-ми-мишки» купил Netflix. الخيال العلمي ويعرف في اللغة الإنجليزية بمصطلح Science Fiction ويشار إليه اختصارا بـ "Sci-Fi" أو "SF"، وهو نوع من الفن الأدبي الذي يعتمد على الخيال، وفي قاموس المعاني يعرف الخيال العلمي بأنه: (نوع أدبيّ أو سينمائيّ تكون فيه القصَّة الخياليّة مبنيَّة على الاكتشافات العلميَّة التأمليَّة والتغيّرات البيئيّة وارتياد الفضاء، والحياة على الكواكب الأخرى)،حيث يخلق المؤلف عالما خياليا أو كونا ذا طبيعة جديدة بالاستعانة بتقنيات أدبية متضمنة فرضيات أو استخدام لنظريات علمية فيزيائية أو بيولوجية أو تقنية أو حتى فلسفية. ومن الممكن أن يتخيل المؤلف نتائج هذه الظواهر أو النظريات محاولا اكتشاف ما ستؤول إليه الحياة ومتطرقا لمواضيع فلسفية أحيانا. وقد تتناول موضوع القيم في عالم جديد مختلف، ولكن ما يميز أدب الخيال العلمي أنه يحاول أن يبقى متسقا مع النظريات العلمية والقوانين الطبيعية دون الاستعانة بقوى سحرية أو غير طبيعية مما يجعله متمايزا عن الفانتازيا، وغالبا ما يكون الإطار الزماني لرواية الخيال العلمي في المستقبل القريب أو البعيد. أمّا الإطار المكاني للرواية فقد يكون على سطح الأرض أو على إحدى الكواكب السيّارة أو في أي بقعة من الكون أو حتى في أماكن خيالية كالأبعاد المتوازية، ومن الممكن أن نجد قصص الخيال العلمي في الكتب والمجلات وفي الأفلام والمسلسلات التلفازية، كما يمكن أن نجده في الأعمال الفنية مثل الرسم والنحت والألعاب والمسرحيات وغير ذلك من وسائل الإعلام المختلفة. Sciencefiction (afgekort sf, scifi of essef, in het Engels als science fiction gespeld), is een artistiek genre dat vertegenwoordigd is in literatuur, stripverhalen, films, televisieseries, hoorspelen en computerspellen. Het Engelse "science fiction" betekent letterlijk vertaald "wetenschapsfictie", en dit is dan ook de betekenis die de bedenker van de term, Hugo Gernsback, eraan heeft willen geven. Voor Gernsback was de sciencefiction vooral bedoeld als een middel tot popularisatie van de wetenschap en van wetenschappelijke ontdekkingen, maar de geschiedenis ervan laat zien dat deze gedachte door latere schrijvers slechts beperkt is nagestreefd. In het genre worden tegenwoordig vooral toekomstbeelden met verzonnen technologische vooruitgang en wetenschappelijke ontwikkelingen gebruikt. Criticus Darko Suvin hanteert de volgende definitie: "een literair genre of woordconstructie waarvan de [...] voorwaarden de aanwezigheid en interactie van vervreemding en cognitie zijn, en waarvan het belangrijkste instrument een verbeeldingskader is dat een alternatief vormt voor de empirische omgeving van de auteur." Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. Its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, scholars, and readers. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". Prevalent elements include robots, extraterrestrials, space travel, outer space, and futuristic technology. Η επιστημονική φαντασία ή ΕΦ είναι κατηγορία του ευρύτερου μυθοπλαστικού τομέα του φανταστικού στην οποία πιθανές και εύλογες μελλοντικές ή εναλλακτικές εξελίξεις στην επιστήμη, στην τεχνολογία ή στην κοινωνία κατέχουν κεντρικό ρόλο στην πλοκή ή στο περιβάλλον όπου εκτυλίσσεται η ιστορία. Είναι ωστόσο σύνηθες ένας κόσμος επιστημονικής φαντασίας να χρησιμοποιείται μόνο ως σκηνικό για την αφήγηση κάποιας πιο συμβατικής ιστορίας (π.χ. ). Συνηθισμένα αφηγηματικά μοτίβα που κατηγοριοποιούνται κατά σύμβαση ως ΕΦ είναι το ταξίδι στο χρόνο, η επαφή με εξωγήινους πολιτισμούς, ο αποικισμός πλανητών, τα ευφυή ρομπότ και η τεχνητή νοημοσύνη, τα φαινόμενα Ψ, ιδιότητες όπως η αθανασία, η τηλεμεταφορά και η , χαμένοι πολιτισμοί, η μελλοντική εξέλιξη του ανθρώπινου είδους, μία πιθανή κατάρρευση του πολιτισμού κλπ. Πολλά είδη τέχνης (π.χ. η λογοτεχνία, ο κινηματογράφος και τα κόμικς) έχουν κατά καιρούς βασιστεί στην επιστημονική φαντασία. Ο ορισμός της δεν είναι εύκολος καθώς τα όρια που τη διαχωρίζουν από παρεμφερή μυθοπλαστικά είδη, όπως η φαντασία (fantasy) ή ο (horror), μοιάζουν ασαφή, αν και συνήθως η οποιαδήποτε εμφάνιση στοιχείου ή μαγείας ως πραγματικών και αληθών φαινομένων του αφηγηματικού κόσμου αποκλείει την κατηγοριοποίηση του έργου ως ΕΦ. Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. However its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, and scholars. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder".there are 1612000 sci fi novels Ciencia ficción es la denominación de uno de los géneros derivados de la literatura de ficción, junto con la literatura fantástica y la narrativa de terror. Algunos autores estiman que el término es una mala traducción del inglés science fiction y que la correcta es ficción científica.​ Nacida como género en la década de 1920 (aunque hay obras reconocibles muy anteriores) y exportada posteriormente a otros medios, como el cinematográfico, historietístico y televisivo, gozó de un gran auge en la segunda mitad del siglo XX debido al interés popular acerca del futuro que despertó el espectacular avance tanto científico como tecnológico alcanzado durante todos estos años. Es un género especulativo que relata acontecimientos posibles desarrollados en un marco imaginario, cuya verosimilitud se fundamenta narrativamente en los campos de las ciencias físicas, naturales y sociales. La acción puede girar en torno a un abanico grande de posibilidades (viajes interestelares, conquista del espacio, consecuencias de una hecatombe terrestre o cósmica, evolución humana a causa de mutaciones, evolución de los robots, realidad virtual, existencia de civilizaciones alienígenas, etc.). Esta acción puede tener lugar en un tiempo pasado, presente o futuro, o, incluso, en tiempos alternativos ajenos a la realidad conocida, y tener por escenario espacios físicos (reales o imaginarios, terrestres o extraterrestres) o el espacio interno de la mente. Los personajes son igualmente diversos: a partir del patrón natural humano, recorre y explota modelos antropomórficos hasta desembocar en la creación de entidades artificiales de forma humana (robot, androide, cíborg) o en criaturas no antropomórficas. Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. However its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, and scholars. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, And is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". Науко́ва фанта́стика (англ. скорочення sci-fi) (від грец. phantastikos — той, що стосується уяви) — жанр та метод у художній творчості; фантастика, в основі якої лежить екстраполяція на теми науки та технологій. В НФ-творах зображаються речі принципово можливі в рамках сучасної науки, засновані на теоріях або припущеннях. Важливе значення має також переконливе обґрунтування зображуваного. Наприклад, багато творів засновані на допущенні надсвітлових швидкостей, що суперечить спеціальної теорії відносності Ейнштейна, але все ж може обґрунтовуватися наукою. Досить часто, при вживанні терміну «фантастика», мається на увазі саме наукова фантастика. Засновником наукової фантастики вважається французький письменник Жуль Верн. У більшості випадків головною фантастичною складовою твору постає фантастична ідея: винахід (надсвітловий двигун, мислячий робот, телепорт) або відкриття (подорожі у часі, телепортація, нове джерело енергії), вигадане місце дії (інша планета, паралельний світ), уявна соціально-політична система (утопічна чи антиутопічна), жива істота або речовина з незвичайними властивостями (чужопланетяни, мутанти, антиматерія), незвичайна ситуація, пов'язана з наукою і технікою (паранормальні здібності). Найпомітнішими напрямками наукової фантастики є: альтернативна фантастика, соціальна фантастика, військова наукова фантастика, апокаліптична та постапокаліптична фантастика, , кіберпанк, космічна опера, феміністська наукова фантастика. Vbbbn Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. However its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, and scholars. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". , as predicted in August 1958 in the science fiction magazine Imagination.]] Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that doesn't deal with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. Its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, scholars, and readers. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". Prevalent elements include robots, extraterrestrials, space travel, outer space, and futuristic technology. Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. Its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, scholars, and readers. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". Prevalent elements include robots, extraterrestrials, space travel, outer space, futuristic technology サイエンス・フィクション(英語: Science Fiction、略語:SF、Sci-Fi、エスエフ)は、科学的な空想にもとづいたフィクションの総称。メディアによりSF小説、SF漫画、SF映画、SFアニメなどとも分類される。日本では科学小説、空想科学小説とも訳されている(詳細はを参照)。 ("Sci Fi", "Scifi", and "Sci-Fi" redirect here. For other uses, see Scifi (disambiguation).) Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. Its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, scholars, and readers. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". Prevalent elements include robots, extraterrestrials, space travel, outer space, and futuristic technology. Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. However its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, scholars, and readers. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". Science fiction (sometimes shortened to 'yo its lacey') is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. Its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, scholars, and readers. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". Prevalent elements include robots, extraterrestrials, space travel, outer space, and futuristic technology. Science fiction (sometimes called sci-fi or just SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. However its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, and scholars. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is speculative fiction about the future. It typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. Its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, scholars, and readers. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". visit here for more. click below[](For other uses, see Science fiction (disambiguation).) ("Sci Fi", "Scifi", and "Sci-Fi" redirect here. For other uses, see Scifi (disambiguation).) Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. However its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, and scholars. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". La ciència-ficció o anticipació és un gènere literari de ficció on els relats sovint ens presenten els efectes o les repercussions dels avenços científics i tecnològics, presents o futurs, en la societat o en els individus, i tot això acompanyat d'aventures i de situacions commovedores i sorprenents. El seu nom deriva d'una traducció incorrecta del terme en anglès, science fiction, la traducció correcta seria ficció científica. La ciència-ficció pot incorporar tota mena de característiques d'altres disciplines però principalment es caracteritza per l'especulació amb elements del món actual, projectant-los en un futur més o menys proper; a diferència de la fantasia que juga amb mons paral·lels o ambientats en un passat remot i amb més presència d'elements sobrenaturals. A la fantasia es pot canviar qualsevol element de la realitat, tants com es vulguin, mentre que en la ciència-ficció es tendeix a canviar-ne un sol i fer-ne una hipòtesi de com seria la realitat amb aquest factor diferent. Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, and extraterrestrial life. It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient times, is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. However its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, and scholars. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society, and is often said to inspire a "sense of wonder". La fantascienza è un genere di narrativa popolare di successo sviluppatosi nel Novecento, che ha le sue radici nel romanzo scientifico. Dalla letteratura la fantascienza si è massicciamente estesa agli altri mass media, anzitutto il cinema, quindi i fumetti, la televisione e i videogiochi. La fantascienza ha come tema fondamentale l'impatto di una scienza e/o una tecnologia – reale o immaginaria – sulla società e sull'individuo. I personaggi, oltre che esseri umani, possono essere alieni, robot, cyborg, mostri o mutanti; la storia può essere ambientata nel passato, nel presente o, più frequentemente, nel futuro. Il termine è usato, in senso più generale, in riferimento a qualsiasi tipo di letteratura di fantasia che includa un fattore scientifico, comprendendo a volte ogni genere di racconto fantastico; un certo grado di plausibilità scientifica rimane tuttavia un requisito essenziale. L'espressione inglese science fiction fu coniata da Hugo Gernsback nel 1926. Gernsback inizialmente chiamò questo genere di storie scientific fiction.L'espressione poi si contrasse in scientifiction, per ridursi infine a science fiction (spesso abbreviata Sci-Fi dagli anglosassoni). La traduzione italiana fantascienza, attraverso un calco linguistico, è attribuita a Giorgio Monicelli nel 1952. Ficção científica (normalmente abreviado para SF, FC, sci-fi ou scifi) é um gênero da ficção especulativa, que normalmente lida com conceitos ficcionais e imaginativos, relacionados ao futuro, ciência e tecnologia, e seus impactos e/ou consequências em uma determinada sociedade ou em seus indivíduos, desenvolvido no século XIX. Conhecida também como a "literatura das ideias", evita utilizar-se do sobrenatural, tema mais recorrente na Fantasia, baseando-se em fatos científicos e reais para compor enredos ficcionais. A ação pode girar em torno de um grande leque de possibilidades como: viagem espacial, viagem no tempo, viagem mais rápida que a luz, universos paralelos, mudanças climáticas, totalitarismo e/ou vida extraterrestre.
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