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  • Robert Johann Koldewey (10 September 1855 – 4 February 1925) was a German archaeologist, famous for his in-depth excavation of the ancient city of Babylon in modern-day Iraq (the site had been identified as that of the legendary city a century earlier by Claudius James Rich, but Koldewey conducted nearly twenty years of excavations there with spectacular results). He was born in Blankenburg am Harz in Germany, the duchy of Brunswick, and died in Berlin at the age of 70. His digs at Babylon revealed the foundations of the ziggurat Marduk, and the Ishtar Gate; he also developed several modern archaeological techniques including a method to identify and excavate mud brick architecture. This technique was particularly useful in his excavation of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon (1899–1917) which was built (ca. 580 BC) using mainly unfired mudbricks.Koldewey was a self-trained archaeological historian of the classical area. Although he studied architecture and art history in Berlin and Vienna, he left both those universities without an advanced degree. In 1882 he was signed on as a participant to the excavation of ancient Assus in Turkey, where Koldewey learned several excavation methods and how best to draw ancient remains. A practicing archaeologist for most of his life, he participated in and led many excavations in, for example, Asia Minor, Greece, and Italy. After he died, the Koldewey Society was established to record and mark his architectural service. (en)
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  • Robert Koldewey (en)
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  • Robert Koldewey (en)
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  • Robert Johann Koldewey (10 September 1855 – 4 February 1925) was a German archaeologist, famous for his in-depth excavation of the ancient city of Babylon in modern-day Iraq (the site had been identified as that of the legendary city a century earlier by Claudius James Rich, but Koldewey conducted nearly twenty years of excavations there with spectacular results). He was born in Blankenburg am Harz in Germany, the duchy of Brunswick, and died in Berlin at the age of 70. (en)
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  • Robert Koldewey (en)
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  • Robert Koldewey (en)
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