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dbo:abstract
  • The Reich Ministry of Transport (German: Reichsverkehrsministerium or RVM) was a cabinet-level agency of the German government from the founding of the Weimar Republic through the end of the Third Reich (1919–1945). Formed out of the Prussian Ministry of Public Works after the end of World War I, the RVM was in charge of regulating German railways, waterways, and the construction industry - a kind of infrastructure agency in today's understanding. During this period the German National Railway (Deutsche Reichsbahn) was organized as an independent state-owned company to guarantee that Germany paid war reparations according to the provisions of the 1924 Dawes Plan. Therefore, during its early years the RVM was primarily responsible for aviation, road transport, inland waterways and maritime shipping. In the rail sector its involvement was limited to administrative and technical supervisory functions.During the Third Reich, the Ministry expanded exponentially as state railroads, transportation-related associations and even private transport companies came under the Nazi government's direct control. The Deutsche Reichsbahn, not only Germany's largest public asset but also the largest enterprise in the capitalist world at the time, was taken over by the Ministry in 1937.The Ministry grew further during World War II, taking over agencies in conquered nations as well as providing military rail transport behind combat zones. It also became responsible for the deportation of European Jews to the extermination camps. The particular unit involved, known as "No. 21. Bulk Transport", functioned in close cooperation with the SS Reich Main Security Office. The RVM therefore came to play a pivotal role in the Holocaust. After the war the Ministry lived on for a time in the Flensburg Government and was dissolved de facto at the end of May, 1945.The Ministry's headquarters were located in central Berlin on the Wilhelmplatz at Voßstraße 34/35 and Wilhelmstrasse 79/80. Over time it came to occupy a complex of buildings, including underground air-raid shelters built in 1940. Heavily damaged by Allied bombing, the site wound up in East Berlin in 1949. Portions of it served as the headquarters of the East German Railways until German Reunification. Left derelict, most of the site was demolished in 2012. A large shopping mall was built in its place in 2014, with two small wings of the Ministry historically preserved. (en)
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  • 1945-05-23 (xsd:date)
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  • 1945-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 1919-03-13 (xsd:date)
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  • 1919-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 2017-03-16 12:59:44Z (xsd:date)
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dbp:chief1Name
  • [[#List of State Secretaries (en)
dbp:child1Agency
dbp:child2Agency
dbp:child3Agency
  • * BBÖ (en)
dbp:child4Agency
  • * ČSD (en)
dbp:child5Agency
  • * PKP (en)
dbp:child6Agency
  • * SNCB/NMBS (en)
dbp:child7Agency
  • * JŽ-JЖ (parts) (en)
dbp:child8Agency
  • * СЖД (parts) (en)
dbp:dissolved
  • 1945-05-23 (xsd:date)
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  • 1500000 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1919-03-13 (xsd:date)
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  • Voßstraße 34/35, Wilhelmplatz, Berlin-Mitte (en)
dbp:imageCaption
  • RVM headquarters in Berlin, 1937 (en)
dbp:jurisdiction
  • Germany (en)
dbp:minister1Name
  • [[#List of Reich Transport Ministers (en)
dbp:name
  • Reich Ministry of Transport (en)
dbp:preceding
  • Ministry of Public Works (en)
dbp:seal
  • File:Siegelmarke Reichsverkehrsministerium W0212050.jpg (en)
dbp:sealCaption
  • RVM official sealing stamp prior to 1935 (en)
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  • The Reich Ministry of Transport (German: Reichsverkehrsministerium or RVM) was a cabinet-level agency of the German government from the founding of the Weimar Republic through the end of the Third Reich (1919–1945). Formed out of the Prussian Ministry of Public Works after the end of World War I, the RVM was in charge of regulating German railways, waterways, and the construction industry - a kind of infrastructure agency in today's understanding. (en)
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  • Reich Ministry of Transport (en)
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