Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality – a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimized the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877).

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality – a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimized the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). The decision involved a case that originated in 1892 when Homer Plessy, an "octoroon" (person of seven-eighths white and one-eighth black ancestry) resident of New Orleans, deliberately violated Louisiana's Separate Car Act of 1890, which required "equal, but separate" train car accommodations for white and non-white passengers. Upon being charged, Plessy's lawyers defended him by arguing that the law was unconstitutional. He lost at trial, and his conviction was affirmed on his appeal to the Louisiana Supreme Court. Plessy then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which agreed to hear his case. In May 1896, the Supreme Court issued a 7–1 decision against Plessy ruling that the Louisiana law did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, stating that although the Fourteenth Amendment established the legal equality of white and black Americans, it did not and could not require the elimination of all social or other "distinctions based upon color". The Court rejected Plessy's lawyers' arguments that the Louisiana law inherently implied that black people were inferior, and gave great deference to American state legislatures' inherent power to make laws regulating health, safety, and morals—the "police power"—and to determine the reasonableness of the laws they passed. Justice John Marshall Harlan was the lone dissenter from the Court's decision, writing that the U.S. Constitution "is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens", and so the law's distinguishing of passengers' races should have been found unconstitutional. Plessy is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history. Despite its infamy, the decision itself has never been explicitly overruled. However, a series of subsequent decisions beginning with the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education—which held that the "separate but equal" doctrine is unconstitutional in the context of public schools and educational facilities—have severely weakened Plessy to the point that it is considered to have been de facto overruled. (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality – a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimized the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). Plessy v. Ferguson originated in 1892 when Homer Plessy, an "octoroon" (person of seven-eighths white and one-eighth black ancestry) resident of New Orleans, deliberately violated Louisiana's Separate Car Act of 1890, which required "equal, but separate" train car accommodations for white and non-white passengers. Upon being charged, Plessy's lawyers defended him by arguing that the law was unconstitutional. He lost at trial, and his conviction was affirmed on his appeal to the Louisiana Supreme Court. Plessy then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which agreed to hear his case. In May 1896, the Supreme Court issued a 7–1 decision against Plessy ruling that the Louisiana law did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, stating that although the Fourteenth Amendment established the legal equality of white and black Americans, it did not and could not require the elimination of all social or other "distinctions based upon color". The Court rejected Plessy's lawyers' arguments that the Louisiana law inherently implied that black people were inferior, and gave great deference to American state legislatures' inherent power to make laws regulating health, safety, and morals—the "police power"—and to determine the reasonableness of the laws they passed. Justice John Marshall Harlan was the lone dissenter from the Court's decision, writing that the U.S. Constitution "is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens", and so the law's distinguishing of passengers' races should have been found unconstitutional. Plessy is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history. Despite its infamy, the decision itself has never been explicitly overruled. However, a series of subsequent decisions beginning with the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education—which held that the "separate but equal" doctrine is unconstitutional in the context of public schools and educational facilities—have severely weakened Plessy to the point that it is considered to have been de facto overruled. (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality – a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimized the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). The underlying case originated in 1892 when Homer Plessy, an "octoroon" (person of seven-eighths white and one-eighth black ancestry) resident of New Orleans, deliberately violated Louisiana's Separate Car Act of 1890, which required "equal, but separate" train car accommodations for white and non-white passengers. Upon being charged, Plessy's lawyers defended him by arguing that the law was unconstitutional. He lost at trial, and his conviction was affirmed on his appeal to the Louisiana Supreme Court. Plessy then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which agreed to hear his case. In May 1896, the Supreme Court issued a 7–1 decision against Plessy ruling that the Louisiana law did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, stating that although the Fourteenth Amendment established the legal equality of white and black Americans, it did not and could not require the elimination of all social or other "distinctions based upon color". The Court rejected Plessy's lawyers' arguments that the Louisiana law inherently implied that black people were inferior, and gave great deference to American state legislatures' inherent power to make laws regulating health, safety, and morals—the "police power"—and to determine the reasonableness of the laws they passed. Justice John Marshall Harlan was the lone dissenter from the Court's decision, writing that the U.S. Constitution "is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens", and so the law's distinguishing of passengers' races should have been found unconstitutional. Plessy is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history. Despite its infamy, the decision itself has never been explicitly overruled. However, a series of subsequent decisions beginning with the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education—which held that the "separate but equal" doctrine is unconstitutional in the context of public schools and educational facilities—have severely weakened Plessy to the point that it is considered to have been de facto overruled. (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality – a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimized the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). The underlying case originated in 1892 when Homer Plessy, an "octoroon" (person of seven-eighths white and one-eighth black ancestry) resident of New Orleans, deliberately violated Louisiana's Separate Car Act of 1890, which required "equal, but separate" train car accommodations for white and non-white passengers. Upon being charged for boarding a "whites only" train car, Plessy's lawyers defended him by arguing that the law was unconstitutional. He lost at trial, and his conviction was affirmed on his appeal to the Louisiana Supreme Court. Plessy then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which agreed to hear his case. In May 1896, the Supreme Court issued a 7–1 decision against Plessy ruling that the Louisiana law did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, stating that although the Fourteenth Amendment established the legal equality of white and black Americans, it did not and could not require the elimination of all social or other "distinctions based upon color". The Court rejected Plessy's lawyers' arguments that the Louisiana law inherently implied that black people were inferior, and gave great deference to American state legislatures' inherent power to make laws regulating health, safety, and morals—the "police power"—and to determine the reasonableness of the laws they passed. Justice John Marshall Harlan was the lone dissenter from the Court's decision, writing that the U.S. Constitution "is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens", and so the law's distinguishing of passengers' races should have been found unconstitutional. Plessy is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history. Despite its infamy, the decision itself has never been explicitly overruled. However, a series of subsequent decisions beginning with the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education—which held that the "separate but equal" doctrine is unconstitutional in the context of public schools and educational facilities—have severely weakened Plessy to the point that it is considered to have been de facto overruled. (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality – a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimized the many state laws establishing racial racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). The underlying case originated in 1892 when Homer Plessy, an "octoroon" (person of seven-eighths white and one-eighth black ancestry) resident of New Orleans, deliberately violated Louisiana's Separate Car Act of 1890, which required "equal, but separate" train car accommodations for white and non-white passengers. Upon being charged for boarding a "whites only" train car, Plessy's lawyers defended him by arguing that the law was unconstitutional. He lost at trial, and his conviction was affirmed on his appeal to the Louisiana Supreme Court. Plessy then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which agreed to hear his case. In May 1896, the Supreme Court issued a 7–1 decision against Plessy ruling that the Louisiana law did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, stating that although the Fourteenth Amendment established the legal equality of white and black Americans, it did not and could not require the elimination of all social or other "distinctions based upon color". The Court rejected Plessy's lawyers' arguments that the Louisiana law inherently implied that black people were inferior, and gave great deference to American state legislatures' inherent power to make laws regulating health, safety, and morals—the "police power"—and to determine the reasonableness of the laws they passed. Justice John Marshall Harlan was the lone dissenter from the Court's decision, writing that the U.S. Constitution "is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens", and so the law's distinguishing of passengers' races should have been found unconstitutional. Plessy is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history. Despite its infamy, the decision itself has never been explicitly overruled. However, a series of subsequent decisions beginning with the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education—which held that the "separate but equal" doctrine is unconstitutional in the context of public schools and educational facilities—have severely weakened Plessy to the point that it is considered to have been de facto overruled. (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality – a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimized the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). The underlying case originated in 1892 when Homer Plessy, an "octoroon" (person of seven-eighths white and one-eighth black ancestry) resident of New Orleans, deliberately violated Louisiana's Separate Car Act of 1890, which required "equal, but separate" train car accommodations for white and non-white passengers. Upon being charged for boarding a "whites only" train car, Plessy's lawyers defended him by arguing that the law was unconstitutional. He lost at trial, and his conviction was affirmed on his appeal to the Louisiana Supreme Court. Plessy then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which agreed to hear his case. In May 1896, the Supreme Court issued a 7–1 decision against Plessy ruling that the Louisiana law did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, stating that although the Fourteenth Amendment established the legal equality of white and black Americans, it did not and could not require the elimination of all social or other "distinctions based upon color". The Court rejected Plessy's lawyers' arguments that the Louisiana law inherently implied that black people were inferior, and gave great deference to American state legislatures' inherent power to make laws regulating health, safety, and morals—the "police power"—and to determine the reasonableness of the laws they passed. Justice John Marshall Harlan was the lone dissenter from the Court's decision, writing that the U.S. Constitution "is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens", and so the law's distinguishing of passengers' races should have been found unconstitutional. maury Plessy is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history. Despite its infamy, the decision itself has never been explicitly overruled. However, a series of subsequent decisions beginning with the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education—which held that the "separate but equal" doctrine is unconstitutional in the context of public schools and educational facilities—have severely weakened Plessy to the point that it is considered to have been de facto overruled. (en)
  • Wikipedia cannot be trusted Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality – a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimized the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). The underlying case originated in 1892 when Homer Plessy, an "octoroon" (person of seven-eighths white and one-eighth black ancestry) resident of New Orleans, deliberately violated Louisiana's Separate Car Act of 1890, which required "equal, but separate" train car accommodations for white and non-white passengers. Upon being charged for boarding a "whites only" train car, Plessy's lawyers defended him by arguing that the law was unconstitutional. He lost at trial, and his conviction was affirmed on his appeal to the Louisiana Supreme Court. Plessy then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which agreed to hear his case. In May 1896, the Supreme Court issued a 7–1 decision against Plessy ruling that the Louisiana law did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, stating that although the Fourteenth Amendment established the legal equality of white and black Americans, it did not and could not require the elimination of all social or other "distinctions based upon color". The Court rejected Plessy's lawyers' arguments that the Louisiana law inherently implied that black people were inferior, and gave great deference to American state legislatures' inherent power to make laws regulating health, safety, and morals—the "police power"—and to determine the reasonableness of the laws they passed. Justice John Marshall Harlan was the lone dissenter from the Court's decision, writing that the U.S. Constitution "is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens", and so the law's distinguishing of passengers' races should have been found unconstitutional. Plessy is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history. Despite its infamy, the decision itself has never been explicitly overruled. However, a series of subsequent decisions beginning with the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education—which held that the "separate but equal" doctrine is unconstitutional in the context of public schools and educational facilities—have severely weakened Plessy to the point that it is considered to have been de facto overruled. (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality – a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimized the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). The underlying case originated in 1892 when Homer Plessy, an "octoroon" (person of seven-eighths white and one-eighth black ancestry) resident of New Orleans, deliberately violated Louisiana's Separate Car Act of 1890, which required "equal, but separate" train car accommodations for white and non-white passengers. Upon being charged for boarding a "whites only" train car, Plessy's lawyers defended him by arguing that the law was unconstitutional. He lost at trial, and his conviction was affirmed on his appeal to the Louisiana Supreme Court. Plessy then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which agreed to hear his case. In May 1896, the Supreme Court issued a 7–1 decision against Plessy ruling that the Louisiana law did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, stating that although the Fourteenth Amendment established the legal equality of white and black Americans, it did not and could not require the elimination of all social or other "distinctions based upon color". The Court rejected Plessy's lawyers' arguments that the Louisiana law inherently implied that black people were inferior, and gave great deference to American state legislatures' inherent power to make laws regulating health, safety, and morals—the "police power"—and to determine the reasonableness of the laws they passed. Justice John Marshall Harlan was the lone dissenter from the Court's decision, writing that the U.S. Constitution "is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens", and so the law's distinguishing of passengers' races should have been found unconstitutional. Plessy is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history along with Dred Scott v. Sanford. Despite its infamy, the decision itself has never been explicitly overruled. However, a series of subsequent decisions beginning with the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education—which held that the "separate but equal" doctrine is unconstitutional in the context of public schools and educational facilities—have severely weakened Plessy to the point that it is considered to have been de facto overruled. (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimized the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). The underlying case originated in 1892 when Homer Plessy, an "octoroon" (person of seven-eighths white and one-eighth black ancestry) resident of New Orleans, deliberately violated Louisiana's Separate Car Act of 1890, which required "equal, but separate" train car accommodations for white and non-white passengers. Upon being charged for boarding a "whites only" train car, Plessy's lawyers defended him by arguing that the law was unconstitutional. He lost at trial, and his conviction was affirmed on his appeal to the Louisiana Supreme Court. Plessy then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which agreed to hear his case. In May 1896, the Supreme Court issued a 7–1 decision against Plessy ruling that the Louisiana law did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, stating that although the Fourteenth Amendment established the legal equality of white and black Americans, it did not and could not require the elimination of all social or other "distinctions based upon color". The Court rejected Plessy's lawyers' arguments that the Louisiana law inherently implied that black people were inferior, and gave great deference to American state legislatures' inherent power to make laws regulating health, safety, and morals—the "police power"—and to determine the reasonableness of the laws they passed. Justice John Marshall Harlan was the lone dissenter from the Court's decision, writing that the U.S. Constitution "is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens", and so the law's distinguishing of passengers' races should have been found unconstitutional. Plessy is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history. Despite its infamy, the decision itself has never been explicitly overruled. However, a series of subsequent decisions beginning with the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education—which held that the "separate but equal" doctrine is unconstitutional in the context of public schools and educational facilities—have severely weakened Plessy to the point that it is considered to have been de facto overruled. (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimized the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). The underlying case originated in 1892 when Homer Plessy, an "octoroon" (person of seven-eighths white and one-eighth black ancestry) resident of New Orleans, deliberately violated Louisiana's Separate Car Act of 1890, which required "equal, but separate" train car accommodations for white and non-white passengers. Upon being charged for boarding a "whites only" train car, Plessy's lawyers defended him by arguing that the law was unconstitutional. He lost at trial, and his conviction was affirmed on his appeal to the Louisiana Supreme Court. Plessy then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which agreed to hear his case. In May 1896, the Supreme Court issued a 7–1 decision against Plessy ruling that the Louisiana law did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, stating that although the Fourteenth Amendment established the legal equality of white and black Americans, it did not and could not require the elimination of all social or other "distinctions based upon color". The Court rejected Plessy's lawyers' arguments that the Louisiana law inherently implied that black people were inferior, and gave great deference to American state legislatures' inherent power to make laws regulating health, safety, and morals—the "police power"—and to determine the reasonableness of the laws they passed. Justice John Marshall Harlan was the lone dissenter from the Court's decision, writing that the U.S. Constitution "is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens", and so the law's distinguishing of passengers' races should have been found unconstitutional. Plessy is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history. Despite its infamy, the decision itself has never been explicitly overruled. However, a series of subsequent decisions beginning with the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education, which held that the "separate but equal" doctrine is unconstitutional in the context of public schools and educational facilities, have severely weakened Plessy to the point that it is considered to have been de facto overruled. (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimated the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). The underlying case originated in 1892 when Homer Plessy, an "octoroon" (person of seven-eighths white and one-eighth black ancestry) resident of New Orleans, deliberately violated Louisiana's Separate Car Act of 1890, which required "equal, but separate" train car accommodations for white and non-white passengers. Upon being charged for boarding a "whites only" train car, Plessy's lawyers defended him by arguing that the law was unconstitutional. He lost at trial, and his conviction was affirmed on his appeal to the Louisiana Supreme Court. Plessy then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which agreed to hear his case. In May 1896, the Supreme Court issued a 7–1 decision against Plessy ruling that the Louisiana law did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, stating that although the Fourteenth Amendment established the legal equality of white and black Americans, it did not and could not require the elimination of all social or other "distinctions based upon color". The Court rejected Plessy's lawyers' arguments that the Louisiana law inherently implied that black people were inferior, and gave great deference to American state legislatures' inherent power to make laws regulating health, safety, and morals—the "police power"—and to determine the reasonableness of the laws they passed. Justice John Marshall Harlan was the lone dissenter from the Court's decision, writing that the U.S. Constitution "is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens", and so the law's distinguishing of passengers' races should have been found unconstitutional. Plessy is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history. Despite its infamy, the decision itself has never been explicitly overruled. However, a series of subsequent decisions beginning with the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education, which held that the "separate but equal" doctrine is unconstitutional in the context of public schools and educational facilities, have severely weakened Plessy to the point that it is considered to have been de facto overruled. (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimated the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). The underlying case originated in 1892 when Homer Plessy, an "octoroon" (person of seven-eighths white and one-eighth black ancestry) resident of New Orleans, deliberately violated Louisiana's Separate Car Act of 1890, which required "equal, but separate" train car accommodations for white and non-white passengers. Upon being charged for boarding a "whites only" train car, Plessy's lawyers defended him by arguing that the law was unconstitutional. He lost at trial, and his conviction was affirmed on his appeal to the Louisiana Supreme Court. Plessy then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which agreed to hear his case. In May 1896, the Supreme Court issued a 7–1 decision against Plessy ruling that the Louisiana law did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, stating that although the Fourteenth Amendment established the legal equality of white and black Americans, it did not and could not require the elimination of all social or other "distinctions based upon color". The Court rejected Plessy's lawyers' arguments that the Louisiana law inherently implied that black people were inferior, and gave great deference to American state legislatures' inherent power to make laws regulating health, safety, and morals—the "police power"—and to determine the reasonableness of the laws they passed. Justice John Marshall Harlan was the lone dissenter from the Court's decision, writing that the U.S. Constitution "is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens", and so the law's distinguishing of passengers' races should have been found unconstitutional. Plessy is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history alongside Dred Scott. Despite its infamy, the decision itself has never been explicitly overruled. However, a series of subsequent decisions beginning with the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education, which held that the "separate but equal" doctrine is unconstitutional in the context of public schools and educational facilities, have severely weakened Plessy to the point that it is considered to have been de facto overruled. (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimated the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877) hamster cult The underlying case originated in 1892 when Homer Plessy, an "octoroon" (person of seven-eighths white and one-eighth black ancestry) resident of New Orleans, deliberately violated Louisiana's Separate Car Act of 1890, which required "equal, but separate" train car accommodations for white and non-white passengers. Upon being charged for boarding a "whites only" train car, Plessy's lawyers defended him by arguing that the law was unconstitutional. He lost at trial, and his conviction was affirmed on his appeal to the Louisiana Supreme Court. Plessy then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which agreed to hear his case. In May 1896, the Supreme Court issued a 7–1 decision against Plessy ruling that the Louisiana law did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, stating that although the Fourteenth Amendment established the legal equality of white and black Americans, it did not and could not require the elimination of all social or other "distinctions based upon color". The Court rejected Plessy's lawyers' arguments that the Louisiana law inherently implied that black people were inferior, and gave great deference to American state legislatures' inherent power to make laws regulating health, safety, and morals—the "police power"—and to determine the reasonableness of the laws they passed. Justice John Marshall Harlan was the lone dissenter from the Court's decision, writing that the U.S. Constitution "is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens", and so the law's distinguishing of passengers' races should have been found unconstitutional. Plessy is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history. Despite its infamy, the decision itself has never been explicitly overruled. However, a series of subsequent decisions beginning with the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education, which held that the "separate but equal" doctrine is unconstitutional in the context of public schools and educational facilities, have severely weakened Plessy to the point that it is considered to have been de facto overruled. (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimated the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). The case originated in 1892 when Homer Plessy, an "octoroon" (person of seven-eighths white and one-eighth black ancestry) resident of New Orleans, deliberately violated Louisiana's Separate Car Act of 1890, which required "equal, but separate" train car accommodations for white and non-white passengers. Upon being charged for boarding a "whites only" train car, Plessy's lawyers defended him by arguing that the law was unconstitutional. He lost at trial, and his conviction was affirmed on appeal to the Louisiana Supreme Court. Plessy then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which agreed to hear his case. In May 1896, the Supreme Court issued a 7–1 decision against Plessy ruling that the Louisiana law did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, stating that although the Fourteenth Amendment established the legal equality of white and black Americans, it did not and could not require the elimination of all social or other "distinctions based upon color". The Court rejected Plessy's lawyers' arguments that the Louisiana law inherently implied that black people were inferior, and gave great deference to American state legislatures' inherent power to make laws regulating health, safety, and morals—the "police power"—and to determine the reasonableness of the laws they passed. Justice John Marshall Harlan was the lone dissenter from the Court's decision, writing that the U.S. Constitution "is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens", and so the law's distinguishing of passengers' races should have been found unconstitutional. Plessy is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history. Despite its infamy, the decision itself has never been explicitly overruled. However, a series of subsequent decisions beginning with the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education, which held that the "separate but equal" doctrine is unconstitutional in the context of public schools and educational facilities, have severely weakened Plessy to the point that it is considered to have been de facto overruled. (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimized the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). The case originated in 1892 when Homer Plessy, an "octoroon" (person of seven-eighths white and one-eighth black ancestry) resident of New Orleans, deliberately violated Louisiana's Separate Car Act of 1890, which required "equal, but separate" train car accommodations for white and non-white passengers. Upon being charged for boarding a "whites only" train car, Plessy's lawyers defended him by arguing that the law was unconstitutional. He lost at trial, and his conviction was affirmed on appeal to the Louisiana Supreme Court. Plessy then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which agreed to hear his case. In May 1896, the Supreme Court issued a 7–1 decision against Plessy ruling that the Louisiana law did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, stating that although the Fourteenth Amendment established the legal equality of white and black Americans, it did not and could not require the elimination of all social or other "distinctions based upon color". The Court rejected Plessy's lawyers' arguments that the Louisiana law inherently implied that black people were inferior, and gave great deference to American state legislatures' inherent power to make laws regulating health, safety, and morals—the "police power"—and to determine the reasonableness of the laws they passed. Justice John Marshall Harlan was the lone dissenter from the Court's decision, writing that the U.S. Constitution "is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens", and so the law's distinguishing of passengers' races should have been found unconstitutional. Plessy is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history. Despite its infamy, the decision itself has never been explicitly overruled. However, a series of subsequent decisions beginning with the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education, which held that the "separate but equal" doctrine is unconstitutional in the context of public schools and educational facilities, have severely weakened Plessy to the point that it is considered to have been de facto overruled. (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimized the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). The case originated in 1892 when Homer Plessy, an "octoroon" (person of seven-eighths white and one-eighth black ancestry) resident of New Orleans, deliberately violated Louisiana's Separate Car Act of 1890, which required "equal, but separate" railroad accommodations for white and non-white passengers. Charged with boarding a "whites-only" car, Plessy pleaded not guilty, contending that the law was unconstitutional. He lost at trial, and the conviction was sustained by the Louisiana Supreme Court. Plessy then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court. In May 1896, the Supreme Court issued a 7–1 decision against Plessy, ruling that the Louisiana law did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and stating that although the Fourteenth Amendment established the legal equality of whites and blacks it did not and could not require the elimination of all "distinctions based upon color". The Court rejected Plessy's lawyers' arguments that the Louisiana law inherently implied that black people were inferior, and gave great deference to American state legislatures' inherent power to make laws regulating health, safety, and morals—the "police power"—and to determine the reasonableness of the laws they passed. Justice John Marshall Harlan was the lone dissenter from the Court's decision, writing that the U.S. Constitution "is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens", and so the law's distinguishing of passengers' races should have been found unconstitutional. Plessy is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history. Despite its infamy, the decision itself has never been explicitly overruled. However, a series of subsequent decisions beginning with the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education, which held that the "separate but equal" doctrine is unconstitutional in the context of public schools and educational facilities, have severely weakened Plessy to the point that it is considered to have been de facto overruled. (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimized the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). The case originated in 1892 when Homer Plessy, an octoroon (person of seven-eighths white and one-eighth black ancestry) resident of New Orleans, deliberately violated Louisiana's Separate Car Act of 1890, which required "equal, but separate" railroad accommodations for white and non-white passengers. Charged with boarding a "whites-only" car, Plessy pleaded not guilty, contending that the law was unconstitutional. He lost at trial, and the conviction was sustained by the Louisiana Supreme Court. Plessy then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court. In May 1896, the Supreme Court issued a 7–1 decision against Plessy, ruling that the Louisiana law did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and stating that although the Fourteenth Amendment established the legal equality of whites and blacks it did not and could not require the elimination of all "distinctions based upon color". The Court rejected Plessy's lawyers' arguments that the Louisiana law inherently implied that black people were inferior, and gave great deference to American state legislatures' inherent power to make laws regulating health, safety, and morals—the "police power"—and to determine the reasonableness of the laws they passed. Justice John Marshall Harlan was the lone dissenter from the Court's decision, writing that the U.S. Constitution "is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens", and so the law's distinguishing of passengers' races should have been found unconstitutional. Plessy is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history. Despite its infamy, the decision itself has never been explicitly overruled. However, a series of subsequent decisions beginning with the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education, which held that the "separate but equal" doctrine is unconstitutional in the context of public schools and educational facilities, have severely weakened Plessy to the point that it is considered to have been de facto overruled. (en)
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageEditLink
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageExtracted
  • 2020-04-24 14:39:30Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-04-29 15:37:28Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-04-29 15:41:29Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-04-29 15:44:44Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-05-08 05:22:43Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-05-12 20:43:54Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-05-15 23:59:31Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-05-15 23:59:46Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-05-17 20:11:42Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-05-19 15:57:41Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-05-19 15:58:14Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-06-05 04:20:17Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-06-06 02:40:26Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-06-06 02:40:56Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-06-10 02:39:15Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-06-15 15:02:16Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-06-23 02:46:30Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-06-25 22:48:08Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-06-25 22:57:46Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-06-29 11:27:30Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-07-07 03:34:55Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-07-08 10:24:56Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-07-08 10:25:32Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-07-12 22:58:36Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-08-07 13:41:41Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-08-13 13:37:31Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-08-13 13:41:19Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-08-19 17:25:23Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-08 00:21:48Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-08 00:22:13Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-08 00:23:34Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-08 00:24:55Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-11 21:20:14Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-11 21:21:11Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-11 22:33:56Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-11 22:34:06Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-13 22:06:49Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-13 22:07:10Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-23 00:58:16Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-23 01:06:09Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-26 23:26:14Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-26 23:29:29Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-30 20:54:48Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-30 20:56:40Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-10-05 21:21:05Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-10-05 21:22:02Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-10-13 19:27:51Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-10-13 19:30:25Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-10-22 06:58:47Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-10-22 07:13:29Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-10-22 08:03:19Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-10-24 07:38:24Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-10-29 17:10:38Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-10-29 17:11:26Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-12-13 20:39:22Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-12-26 21:34:30Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-12-28 09:03:09Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-21 04:46:31Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-22 15:08:53Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-22 15:12:39Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-25 21:13:00Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-25 22:32:08Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-25 22:32:48Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-25 22:34:52Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-25 22:35:13Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-27 18:42:43Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-27 18:46:53Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-02-22 21:11:26Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-02-22 21:13:20Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-02-22 22:58:24Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-02-24 15:14:17Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-02-24 15:14:29Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-02-25 20:54:58Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-03-02 03:45:12Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-03-02 21:51:45Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-03-02 23:19:53Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-03-02 23:49:01Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-03-02 23:49:10Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-03-04 16:22:53Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-03-08 05:49:55Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-03-08 06:54:50Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-03-15 02:29:57Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-05 16:05:37Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-05 23:59:00Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-06 00:07:43Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-06 00:07:44Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-06 00:47:25Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-06 00:47:46Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-20 00:00:52Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-20 00:15:17Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-20 00:16:45Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-20 00:21:59Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-20 00:23:12Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-20 00:34:49Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-20 00:38:31Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-20 16:10:18Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-21 17:52:45Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageHistoryLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 142123 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageLength
  • 35145 (xsd:integer)
  • 38039 (xsd:integer)
  • 38328 (xsd:integer)
  • 38329 (xsd:integer)
  • 38331 (xsd:integer)
  • 38345 (xsd:integer)
  • 38351 (xsd:integer)
  • 38353 (xsd:integer)
  • 38394 (xsd:integer)
  • 38417 (xsd:integer)
  • 38464 (xsd:integer)
  • 38468 (xsd:integer)
  • 38471 (xsd:integer)
  • 38488 (xsd:integer)
  • 38493 (xsd:integer)
  • 38512 (xsd:integer)
  • 38513 (xsd:integer)
  • 38516 (xsd:integer)
  • 38518 (xsd:integer)
  • 38519 (xsd:integer)
  • 38522 (xsd:integer)
  • 38523 (xsd:integer)
  • 38527 (xsd:integer)
  • 38528 (xsd:integer)
  • 38529 (xsd:integer)
  • 38533 (xsd:integer)
  • 38540 (xsd:integer)
  • 38541 (xsd:integer)
  • 38544 (xsd:integer)
  • 38549 (xsd:integer)
  • 38554 (xsd:integer)
  • 38564 (xsd:integer)
  • 38570 (xsd:integer)
  • 38571 (xsd:integer)
  • 38575 (xsd:integer)
  • 38577 (xsd:integer)
  • 38580 (xsd:integer)
  • 38583 (xsd:integer)
  • 38584 (xsd:integer)
  • 38594 (xsd:integer)
  • 38596 (xsd:integer)
  • 38604 (xsd:integer)
  • 38626 (xsd:integer)
  • 38641 (xsd:integer)
  • 38649 (xsd:integer)
  • 38690 (xsd:integer)
  • 38703 (xsd:integer)
  • 38707 (xsd:integer)
  • 38718 (xsd:integer)
  • 38730 (xsd:integer)
  • 38735 (xsd:integer)
  • 38739 (xsd:integer)
  • 38747 (xsd:integer)
  • 38760 (xsd:integer)
  • 38775 (xsd:integer)
  • 98396 (xsd:integer)
  • 139892 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageModified
  • 2020-04-24 14:39:23Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-04-29 15:37:23Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-04-29 15:41:24Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-04-29 15:44:38Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-05-08 05:22:37Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-05-12 20:43:50Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-05-15 23:59:27Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-05-15 23:59:40Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-05-17 20:11:34Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-05-19 15:57:36Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-05-19 15:58:08Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-06-05 04:20:14Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-06-06 02:40:23Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-06-06 02:40:50Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-06-10 02:39:11Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-06-15 15:02:11Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-06-23 02:46:25Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-06-25 22:48:04Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-06-29 11:27:23Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-07-07 03:34:51Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-07-08 10:24:51Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-07-08 10:25:29Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-07-12 22:58:30Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-08-07 13:41:33Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-08-13 13:37:27Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-08-13 13:41:13Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-08-19 17:25:21Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-08 00:21:44Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-08 00:22:07Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-08 00:23:27Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-08 00:24:46Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-11 21:20:07Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-11 21:21:04Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-11 22:33:49Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-11 22:34:01Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-13 22:06:44Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-13 22:07:06Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-23 00:58:08Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-23 01:05:59Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-26 23:26:09Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-26 23:29:21Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-09-30 20:54:43Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-10-05 21:21:02Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-10-05 21:21:57Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-10-13 19:27:46Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-10-22 06:58:44Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-10-22 08:03:16Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-10-24 07:38:18Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-10-29 17:10:31Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-10-29 17:11:17Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-12-13 20:39:14Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-12-26 21:34:24Z (xsd:date)
  • 2020-12-28 09:03:01Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-21 04:46:23Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-22 15:08:48Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-22 15:12:32Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-25 21:12:54Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-25 22:32:43Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-25 22:34:46Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-25 22:35:04Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-27 18:42:40Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-01-27 18:46:46Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-02-22 21:11:11Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-02-22 21:13:09Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-02-22 22:58:16Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-02-24 15:14:04Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-02-24 15:14:20Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-03-02 03:45:07Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-03-02 21:51:39Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-03-02 23:19:45Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-03-02 23:48:54Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-03-02 23:49:05Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-03-08 05:49:44Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-03-08 06:54:43Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-03-15 02:29:49Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-05 16:05:31Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-05 23:58:55Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-06 00:07:33Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-20 00:00:48Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-20 00:15:12Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-20 00:16:38Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-20 00:21:54Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-20 00:23:08Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-20 00:34:43Z (xsd:date)
  • 2021-04-20 00:38:25Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 85 (xsd:integer)
  • 91 (xsd:integer)
  • 92 (xsd:integer)
  • 93 (xsd:integer)
  • 94 (xsd:integer)
  • 95 (xsd:integer)
  • 96 (xsd:integer)
  • 97 (xsd:integer)
  • 98 (xsd:integer)
  • 99 (xsd:integer)
  • 100 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 952877205 (xsd:integer)
  • 953886271 (xsd:integer)
  • 953886919 (xsd:integer)
  • 953887443 (xsd:integer)
  • 955504792 (xsd:integer)
  • 956343119 (xsd:integer)
  • 956909550 (xsd:integer)
  • 956909578 (xsd:integer)
  • 957239863 (xsd:integer)
  • 957589977 (xsd:integer)
  • 957590081 (xsd:integer)
  • 960832593 (xsd:integer)
  • 960997852 (xsd:integer)
  • 960997924 (xsd:integer)
  • 961728192 (xsd:integer)
  • 962700286 (xsd:integer)
  • 964013130 (xsd:integer)
  • 964510568 (xsd:integer)
  • 965097197 (xsd:integer)
  • 966438303 (xsd:integer)
  • 966651518 (xsd:integer)
  • 966651572 (xsd:integer)
  • 967380722 (xsd:integer)
  • 971661994 (xsd:integer)
  • 972715614 (xsd:integer)
  • 972716218 (xsd:integer)
  • 973862190 (xsd:integer)
  • 977284578 (xsd:integer)
  • 977284632 (xsd:integer)
  • 977284776 (xsd:integer)
  • 977284906 (xsd:integer)
  • 977934313 (xsd:integer)
  • 977934444 (xsd:integer)
  • 977943283 (xsd:integer)
  • 977943309 (xsd:integer)
  • 978266857 (xsd:integer)
  • 978266892 (xsd:integer)
  • 979827143 (xsd:integer)
  • 979828089 (xsd:integer)
  • 980515239 (xsd:integer)
  • 980515617 (xsd:integer)
  • 981193245 (xsd:integer)
  • 982043178 (xsd:integer)
  • 982043327 (xsd:integer)
  • 983354570 (xsd:integer)
  • 984809627 (xsd:integer)
  • 984815394 (xsd:integer)
  • 985148733 (xsd:integer)
  • 986075406 (xsd:integer)
  • 986075518 (xsd:integer)
  • 994042301 (xsd:integer)
  • 996481615 (xsd:integer)
  • 996730849 (xsd:integer)
  • 1001755865 (xsd:integer)
  • 1002039180 (xsd:integer)
  • 1002039755 (xsd:integer)
  • 1002740382 (xsd:integer)
  • 1002755714 (xsd:integer)
  • 1002756070 (xsd:integer)
  • 1002756119 (xsd:integer)
  • 1003165898 (xsd:integer)
  • 1003166602 (xsd:integer)
  • 1008346476 (xsd:integer)
  • 1008346807 (xsd:integer)
  • 1008363548 (xsd:integer)
  • 1008687908 (xsd:integer)
  • 1008687954 (xsd:integer)
  • 1009753694 (xsd:integer)
  • 1009904925 (xsd:integer)
  • 1009917870 (xsd:integer)
  • 1009921596 (xsd:integer)
  • 1009921624 (xsd:integer)
  • 1010949778 (xsd:integer)
  • 1010956562 (xsd:integer)
  • 1012190822 (xsd:integer)
  • 1016138799 (xsd:integer)
  • 1016212037 (xsd:integer)
  • 1016213490 (xsd:integer)
  • 1018806147 (xsd:integer)
  • 1018808185 (xsd:integer)
  • 1018808362 (xsd:integer)
  • 1018809031 (xsd:integer)
  • 1018809164 (xsd:integer)
  • 1018810420 (xsd:integer)
  • 1018810864 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionLink
dbp:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality – a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimized the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality – a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimized the many state laws establishing racial racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). (en)
  • Wikipedia cannot be trusted Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality – a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimized the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimized the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimated the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877). (en)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal". The decision legitimated the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877) hamster cult (en)
rdfs:label
  • Plessy v. Ferguson (en)
owl:sameAs
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Homer A. Plessy v. John H. Ferguson (en)
  • Meliodis A. Plessy v. Ban H. Ferguson (en)
is dbo:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is foaf:primaryTopic of