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  • Karl Dönitz (German: [ˈkaɐ̯l ˈdøːnɪts]; 16 September 1891 – 24 December 1980) was a German admiral who played a major role in the naval history of World War II. Dönitz succeeded Adolf Hitler as the head of state of Germany.He began his career in the Imperial German Navy before World War I. In 1918, while he was in command of UB-68, the submarine was sunk by British forces and Dönitz was taken prisoner. While in a prisoner of war camp, he formulated what he later called Rudeltaktik ("pack tactic", commonly called "wolfpack"). At the start of World War II, he was the senior submarine officer in the Kriegsmarine. In January 1943, Dönitz achieved the rank of Großadmiral (grand admiral) and replaced Grand Admiral Erich Raeder as Commander-in-Chief of the Navy.On 30 April 1945, after the death of Adolf Hitler and in accordance with Hitler's last will and testament, Dönitz was named Hitler's successor as head of state, with the title of President of Germany and Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces. On 7 May 1945, he ordered Alfred Jodl, Chief of Operations Staff of the OKW, to sign the German instruments of surrender in Rheims, France. Dönitz remained as head of the Flensburg Government, as it became known, until it was dissolved by the Allied powers on 23 May. At the Nuremberg trials, he was convicted of war crimes and sentenced to ten years' imprisonment; after his release, he lived quietly in a village near Hamburg until his death in 1980. (en)
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  • 1945-05-23 (xsd:date)
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  • 1891-09-16 (xsd:date)
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  • 1980-12-24 (xsd:date)
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  • *
  • (1918)
  • (1934–35)
  • *''
  • (1943–45)
  • (1945)
  • (1936–39)
  • 1st U-boat Flotilla
  • Torpedo boats
  • Oberkommando der Marine
  • '' (1935–36)
  • (1918
  • (1920s)
  • (1939–43)
  • Befehlshaber der U-Boote
  • Führer der Unterseeboote
  • Supreme Commander of the Wehrmacht
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  • President of Germany
  • Oberbefehlshaber der Marine
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  • * (en)
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  • June 2017 (en)
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  • 1980-12-24 (xsd:date)
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dbp:footnotes
  • Formally titled "Leading Minister" or "Chief Minister" . (en)
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  • Karl Dönitz (en)
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  • German (en)
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  • Der Löwe (en)
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  • National Socialist German Workers' Party (en)
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  • Biography (en)
  • World War I (en)
  • World War II (en)
  • Military of Germany (en)
  • Submarine (en)
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  • y (en)
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  • WP:CITEIMDB (en)
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  • *1910–18 *1920–45 (en)
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  • Dönitz Unterschrift.jpg (en)
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  • Ingeborg Weber (en)
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  • collapsed (en)
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  • 1945-05-01 (xsd:date)
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  • Karl Dönitz (German: [ˈkaɐ̯l ˈdøːnɪts]; 16 September 1891 – 24 December 1980) was a German admiral who played a major role in the naval history of World War II. Dönitz succeeded Adolf Hitler as the head of state of Germany.He began his career in the Imperial German Navy before World War I. In 1918, while he was in command of UB-68, the submarine was sunk by British forces and Dönitz was taken prisoner. (en)
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  • Karl Dönitz (en)
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  • Karl Dönitz (en)
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  • Der Löwe (The Lion) (en)
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