The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional, PRI) is a Mexican political party founded in 1929 that held uninterrupted power in the country for 71 years from 1929 to 2000, first as the National Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Nacional Revolucionario, PNR), then as the Party of the Mexican Revolution (Spanish: Partido de la Revolución Mexicana, PRM) and finally as the PRI in 1946.

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  • The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional, PRI) is a Mexican political party founded in 1929 that held uninterrupted power in the country for 71 years from 1929 to 2000, first as the National Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Nacional Revolucionario, PNR), then as the Party of the Mexican Revolution (Spanish: Partido de la Revolución Mexicana, PRM) and finally as the PRI in 1946. The PNR was founded in 1929 by Plutarco Elías Calles, Mexico's paramount leader at the time and self-proclaimed Jefe Máximo (Supreme Chief) of the Mexican Revolution. The party was created with the intent of providing a political space in which all the surviving leaders and combatants of the Mexican Revolution could participate and to solve the grave political crisis caused by the assassination of President-elect Álvaro Obregón in 1928. Although Calles himself fell into political disgrace and was exiled in 1936, the party continued ruling Mexico until 2000, changing names twice until it became the PRI. After losing the Presidency in the 2000 elections, the PRI held most of the state governments and had strong performances at the local levels; nonetheless, in the 2006 Presidential elections the PRI's performance was the worst of its history up to that point, with its candidate Roberto Madrazo finishing in third place and having failed to carry a single state. In spite of this defeat, the PRI continued to perform strongly at Municipal and State levels. The party benefited from both the growing unpopularity of Felipe Calderón's administration as President due to the notorious increase in the homicide rate as result of his war on drugs, as well as internal conflicts in the left-wing Partido de la Revolucion Democratica (PRD) that deteriorated its image. As result, the PRI won the 2009 legislative election, and in 2012 it regained the Presidency after winning the elections of that year with Enrique Peña Nieto as candidate. However, massive dissatisfaction with Peña Nieto's administration as result of numerous corruption scandals and the government's inability to curb the crime rate led to the PRI losing the Presidency once more in the 2018 elections (the PRI candidate in these elections was José Antonio Meade), with a performance even worse than that of 2006. Throughout its nine-decade existence, the party has adopted a very wide array of ideologies (often determined by the President of the Republic in turn). In the 1980s, the party went through reforms that shaped its current incarnation, with policies characterized as center-right such as the privatization of state-run companies, closer relations with the Catholic Church and embracing free-market capitalism. At the same time, the left-wing members of the party abandoned the party and founded the Party of the Democratic Revolution (Partido de la Revolución Democrática, PRD) in 1989. Although it is a full member of the Socialist International along with its rival, the left-wing PRD (this makes Mexico one of the few nations with two major, competing parties that are part of the same international grouping), the PRI is not considered a social democratic party in the traditional sense. Furthermore, the adherents of the PRI are known in Mexico as Priístas and the party is nicknamed El tricolor (Tricolor) because of its use of the Mexican national colors of green, white and red as found on the Mexican flag. (en)
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  • 1929-03-04 (xsd:date)
  • 1938-03-30 (xsd:date)
  • 1946-01-18 (xsd:date)
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  • 1938-01-01 (xsd:date)
  • 1946-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional, PRI) is a Mexican political party founded in 1929 that held uninterrupted power in the country for 71 years from 1929 to 2000, first as the National Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Nacional Revolucionario, PNR), then as the Party of the Mexican Revolution (Spanish: Partido de la Revolución Mexicana, PRM) and finally as the PRI in 1946. (en)
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  • Institutional Revolutionary Party (en)
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  • Institutional Revolutionary Party (en)
  • Partido Revolucionario Institucional (en)
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