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dbo:abstract
  • The German Army (German: Heer, German pronunciation: [ˈheːɐ̯]) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946. Though often erroneously restricted to the ground forces, the Wehrmacht also included the Kriegsmarine (Navy) and the Luftwaffe (Air Force). During World War II, a total of about 13 million soldiers served in the German Army. Most army personnel were conscripted.Only 17 months after Adolf Hitler announced publicly the rearmament program, the Army reached its projected goal of 36 divisions. During the autumn of 1937, two more corps were formed. In 1938, four additional corps were formed with the inclusion of the five divisions of the Austrian Army after the Anschluss in March. During the period of its expansion by Adolf Hitler, the German Army continued to develop concepts pioneered during World War I, combining ground (Heer) and air (Luftwaffe) assets into combined arms teams. Coupled with operational and tactical methods such as encirclements and the "battle of annihilation", the German military managed quick victories in the two initial years of World War II, prompting the use of the word Blitzkrieg (literally lightning war, meaning lightning-fast war) for the techniques used.The German Army entered the war with a majority of its infantry formations relying on horse-drawn transport. The infantry remained foot soldiers throughout the war; artillery also remained primarily horse-drawn. The motorized formations received much attention in the world press in the opening years of the war, and were cited as the main reason for the success of the German invasions of Poland (September 1939), Norway and Denmark (April 1940), Belgium, France and Netherlands (May 1940), Yugoslavia (April 1941) and Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union (June 1941). However their motorized and tank formations accounted for only 20% of the Heer's capacity at their peak strength. The army's lack of trucks (and petroleum to run them) was a severe handicap to infantry movement especially during and after the Normandy invasion when Allied air power devastated the French rail network north of the Loire. Panzer movements also depended upon rail: driving a tank over 150 kilometers wore out its tracks. (en)
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  • 1935-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 100px|border
  • Ranks and insignia of the Army
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dbo:militaryUnitSize
  • 6,550,000 (peak in 1943)
  • *Active: 4,250,000
  • *Reserve: 2,300,000
  • 14,800,000 (total who served)
dbo:motto
  • "Gott mit uns"
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  • 2017-09-30 10:12:26Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-01-13 01:20:42Z (xsd:date)
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  • 11702744 (xsd:integer)
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  • 21119 (xsd:integer)
  • 21507 (xsd:integer)
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  • 2017-08-07 10:14:01Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-01-12 13:25:35Z (xsd:date)
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  • 819994718 (xsd:integer)
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dbp:allegiance
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dbp:caption
  • Balkenkreuz, a stylized version of the Iron Cross, (en)
  • used after Operation Weserübung on Army vehicles (en)
dbp:commandStructure
dbp:commander
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dbp:commander3Label
  • Other Commanders of the Army (en)
dbp:dates
  • 1935 (xsd:integer)
dbp:identificationSymbol
dbp:identificationSymbol2Label
  • Infantry unit flag (en)
dbp:identificationSymbolLabel
  • Ranks and insignia (en)
dbp:motto
  • "Gott mit uns" (en)
dbp:nativeName
  • Heer (en)
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  • 6550000 (xsd:integer)
dbp:type
dbp:unitName
  • German Army (en)
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rdfs:comment
  • The German Army (German: Heer, German pronunciation: [ˈheːɐ̯]) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946. Though often erroneously restricted to the ground forces, the Wehrmacht also included the Kriegsmarine (Navy) and the Luftwaffe (Air Force). During World War II, a total of about 13 million soldiers served in the German Army. (en)
rdfs:label
  • German Army (Wehrmacht) (en)
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  • German Army (en)
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