Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Fritz Erich Georg Eduard von Lewinski, known as Erich von Manstein (24 November 1887 – 9 June 1973), was a German commander of the Wehrmacht, Nazi Germany's armed forces during the Second World War. He attained the rank of field marshal.Born into an aristocratic Prussian family with a long history of military service, Manstein joined the army at a young age and saw service on Western Front and Eastern Front during the First World War (1914–18). He rose to the rank of captain by the end of the war and was active in the inter-war period helping Germany rebuild her armed forces. In September 1939, during the invasion of Poland at the beginning of the Second World War, he was serving as Chief of Staff to Gerd von Rundstedt's Army Group South. Adolf Hitler chose Manstein's strategy for the invasion of France of May 1940, a plan later refined by Franz Halder and other members of the OKH. Anticipating a firm Allied reaction should the main thrust of the invasion take place through the Netherlands, Manstein devised an innovative tactic—later known as the Sichelschnitt ("sickle cut")—that called for an attack through the woods of the Ardennes and a rapid drive to the English Channel, thus cutting off the French and Allied armies in Belgium and Flanders. Attaining the rank of general at the end of the campaign, he was active in the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 and the Siege of Sevastopol (1941–1942), and was promoted to field marshal on 1 July 1942. He also participated in the Siege of Leningrad.Germany's fortunes in the war began to take an unfavourable turn later in 1942, especially in the catastrophic Battle of Stalingrad, where Manstein commanded a failed relief effort ("Operation Winter Storm") in December. Later known as the "backhand blow", Manstein's counteroffensive in the Third Battle of Kharkov (February–March 1943) regained substantial territory and resulted in the destruction of three Soviet armies and the retreat of three others. He was one of the primary commanders at the Battle of Kursk (July–August 1943), one of the largest tank battles in history. His ongoing disagreements with Hitler over the conduct of the war led to his dismissal in March 1944. He never obtained another command and was taken prisoner by the British in August 1945, several months after Germany's defeat.Manstein gave testimony at the main Nuremberg trials of war criminals in August 1946, and prepared a paper that, along with his later memoirs, helped contribute to the myth of a "clean Wehrmacht"—the myth that the German armed forces were not culpable for the atrocities of the Holocaust. In 1949 he was tried in Hamburg for war crimes and was convicted on nine of seventeen counts, including the poor treatment of prisoners of war and failing to protect civilian lives in his sphere of operations. His sentence of eighteen years in prison was later reduced to twelve, and he served only four years before being released in 1953. As a military advisor to the West German government in the mid-1950s, he helped re-establish the armed forces. His successful memoir, Verlorene Siege (1955), translated into English as Lost Victories, was highly critical of Hitler's leadership, and only dealt with the military aspects of the war, ignoring its political and ethical contexts. Manstein died in Munich in 1973. (en)
  • Fritz Erich Georg Eduard von Lewinski, known as Erich von Manstein (24 November 1887 – 9 June 1973), was a German commander of the Wehrmacht, Nazi Germany's armed forces during the Second World War. He attained the rank of field marshal.Born into an aristocratic Prussian family with a long history of military service, Manstein joined the army at a young age and saw service on Western Front and Eastern Front during the First World War (1914–18). He rose to the rank of captain by the end of the war and was active in the inter-war period helping Germany rebuild her armed forces. In September 1939, during the invasion of Poland at the beginning of the Second World War, he was serving as Chief of Staff to Gerd von Rundstedt's Army Group South. Adolf Hitler chose Manstein's strategy for the invasion of France of May 1940, a plan later refined by Franz Halder and other members of the OKH. Anticipating a firm Allied reaction should the main thrust of the invasion take place through the Netherlands, Manstein devised an innovative operation—later known as the Sichelschnitt ("sickle cut")—that called for an attack through the woods of the Ardennes and a rapid drive to the English Channel, thus cutting off the French and Allied armies in Belgium and Flanders. Attaining the rank of general at the end of the campaign, he was active in the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 and the Siege of Sevastopol (1941–1942), and was promoted to field marshal on 1 July 1942. He also participated in the Siege of Leningrad.Germany's fortunes in the war began to take an unfavourable turn later in 1942, especially in the catastrophic Battle of Stalingrad, where Manstein commanded a failed relief effort ("Operation Winter Storm") in December. Later known as the "backhand blow", Manstein's counteroffensive in the Third Battle of Kharkov (February–March 1943) regained substantial territory and resulted in the destruction of three Soviet armies and the retreat of three others. He was one of the primary commanders at the Battle of Kursk (July–August 1943), one of the largest tank battles in history. His ongoing disagreements with Hitler over the conduct of the war led to his dismissal in March 1944. He never obtained another command and was taken prisoner by the British in August 1945, several months after Germany's defeat.Manstein gave testimony at the main Nuremberg trials of war criminals in August 1946, and prepared a paper that, along with his later memoirs, helped cultivate the myth of a "clean Wehrmacht"—the myth that the German armed forces were not culpable for the atrocities of the Holocaust. In 1949 he was tried in Hamburg for war crimes and was convicted on nine of seventeen counts, including the poor treatment of prisoners of war and failing to protect civilian lives in his sphere of operations. His sentence of eighteen years in prison was later reduced to twelve, and he served only four years before being released in 1953. As a military advisor to the West German government in the mid-1950s, he helped re-establish the armed forces. His memoir, Verlorene Siege (1955), translated into English as Lost Victories, was highly critical of Hitler's leadership, and only dealt with the military aspects of the war, ignoring its political and ethical contexts. Manstein died in Munich in 1973. (en)
dbo:allegiance
  • *
  • (to 1918)
  • (to 1933)
  • (to 1945)
dbo:award
dbo:battle
dbo:militaryCommand
  • *
  • 11th Army
  • 18th Infantry Division
  • Army Group Don
  • Army Group South
  • LVI Panzer Corps
  • XXXVIII Army Corps
dbo:occupation
dbo:relation
dbo:serviceStartYear
  • 1906-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageEditLink
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageExtracted
  • 2017-08-02 05:20:44Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageHistoryLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 180727 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageLength
  • 85345 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageModified
  • 2017-07-29 12:31:24Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 432 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 792893876 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionLink
dbp:allegiance
  • * (en)
dbp:awards
dbp:battles
dbp:birthDate
  • 1887-11-24 (xsd:date)
dbp:birthName
  • Fritz Erich Georg Eduard von Lewinski (en)
dbp:birthPlace
dbp:caption
  • Field Marshal Erich von Manstein (en)
dbp:commands
dbp:commons
  • y (en)
dbp:deathDate
  • 1973-06-09 (xsd:date)
dbp:deathPlace
dbp:laterwork
  • Served as military advisor to the West German government (en)
dbp:name
  • Erich von Manstein (en)
dbp:portal
  • Biography (en)
  • World War I (en)
  • World War II (en)
  • Military of Germany (en)
dbp:q
  • y (en)
dbp:rank
dbp:relations
dbp:serviceyears
  • 1906 (xsd:integer)
dbp:title
  • dbr:Time_(magazine)
  • Commander of 11. Armee (en)
  • Commander of Army Group Don (en)
  • Commander of Army Group South (en)
dbp:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dbp:wordnet_type
dbp:years
  • 1944-01-10 (xsd:date)
  • --02-12
  • --09-21
  • --11-21
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Fritz Erich Georg Eduard von Lewinski, known as Erich von Manstein (24 November 1887 – 9 June 1973), was a German commander of the Wehrmacht, Nazi Germany's armed forces during the Second World War. He attained the rank of field marshal.Born into an aristocratic Prussian family with a long history of military service, Manstein joined the army at a young age and saw service on Western Front and Eastern Front during the First World War (1914–18). (en)
rdfs:label
  • Erich von Manstein (en)
rdfs:seeAlso
owl:sameAs
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Erich von Manstein (en)
is dbo:commander of
is dbo:notableCommander of
is dbo:relation of
is dbo:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbp:after of
is dbp:commander of
is dbp:notableCommanders of
is dbp:plannedBy of
is dbp:relations of
is foaf:primaryTopic of