The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It was designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State and by the current Philippine president and Sison's former student Rodrigo Duterte in December 2017. However, it has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. By the end of Marcos' dictatorship, the number of combatants had expanded to include more than 10,000 fighters. In

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  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It was designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State and by the current Philippine president and Sison's former student Rodrigo Duterte in December 2017. However, it has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. By the end of Marcos' dictatorship, the number of combatants had expanded to include more than 10,000 fighters. In a speech before the US Congress in 1986, Marcos' successor Corazon Aquino accredited the party's rapid growth as being caused by Marcos' attempts to stifle it with the "means by which it grows" with his establishment of martial law, suggesting that other governments view it as a lesson when dealing with communist insurgencies. As of 2019, the organization claims that the number of its members and supporters is growing, despite claims by the Philippine government that the organization is about to be destroyed. The organization remains an underground operation, with its primary goals being to overthrow the Philippine government through armed revolution and remove U.S. influence over the Philippines. It consists of the National Democratic Front, a coalition of other revolutionary organizations in the Philippines with aligning goals; the Kabataang Makabayan, which serves as its youth wing; and the New People's Army, which serves as its armed wing. (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State, the European Union, and by the current Philippine president and Sison's former student Rodrigo Duterte in December 2017. However, it has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. By the end of Marcos' dictatorship, the number of combatants had expanded to include more than 10,000 fighters. In a speech before the US Congress in 1986, Marcos' successor Corazon Aquino accredited the party's rapid growth as being caused by Marcos' attempts to stifle it with the "means by which it grows" with his establishment of martial law, suggesting that other governments view it as a lesson when dealing with communist insurgencies. In 2019, Sison claimed that the number of its members and supporters is growing, despite claims by the Philippine government that the organization is close to being destroyed. The organization remains an underground operation, with its primary goals being to overthrow the Philippine government through armed revolution and remove U.S. influence over the Philippines. It consists of the National Democratic Front, a coalition of other revolutionary organizations in the Philippines with aligning goals; the Kabataang Makabayan, which serves as its youth wing; and the New People's Army, which serves as its armed wing. (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Jose Maria “Joma” Sison and the New Peoples Army (NPA) in 2002. The CPP, Sison and the NPA remain as terror designated entities and individuals despite extensive financial resources spent in removing them from the list. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019, groups Sison proudly assert as their founder, despite lobbying with EU officials in Brussels to remove it from the list. The current Philippine president and Sison's former student Rodrigo Duterte in December 2017 also declared the group a terrorist in December 2017. However, it has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. By the end of Marcos' dictatorship, the number of combatants had expanded to include more than 10,000 fighters. In a speech before the US Congress in 1986, Marcos' successor Corazon Aquino accredited the party's rapid growth as being caused by Marcos' attempts to stifle it with the "means by which it grows" with his establishment of martial law, suggesting that other governments view it as a lesson when dealing with communist insurgencies. In 2019, Sison claimed that the number of its members and supporters is growing, despite claims by the Philippine government that the organization is close to being destroyed. The organization remains an underground operation, with its primary goals being to overthrow the Philippine government through armed revolution and remove U.S. influence over the Philippines. It consists of the National Democratic Front, a coalition of other revolutionary organizations in the Philippines with aligning goals; the Kabataang Makabayan, which serves as its youth wing; and the New People's Army, which serves as its armed wing. (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Sison and the New People's Army (NPA) in 2002. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019, though the European Union's second highest court ruled in September 2009 to delist Sison as a "person supporting terrorism" and reversed a decision by member governments to freeze assets. The current Philippine president and Sison's former student Rodrigo Duterte also declared the group a terrorist in December 2017 through Proclamation No. 374, though the CPP-NPA has not yet been legally declared as a terrorist group by Philippine courts. The CPP it has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. By the end of Marcos' dictatorship, the number of combatants had expanded to include more than 10,000 fighters. In a speech before the US Congress in 1986, Marcos' successor Corazon Aquino accredited the party's rapid growth as being caused by Marcos' attempts to stifle it with the "means by which it grows" with his establishment of martial law, suggesting that other governments view it as a lesson when dealing with communist insurgencies. In 2019, Sison claimed that the number of its members and supporters is growing, despite claims by the Philippine government that the organization is close to being destroyed. The organization remains an underground operation, with its primary goals being to overthrow the Philippine government through armed revolution and remove U.S. influence over the Philippines. It consists of the National Democratic Front, a coalition of other revolutionary organizations in the Philippines with aligning goals; the Kabataang Makabayan, which serves as its youth wing; and the New People's Army, which serves as its armed wing. (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Sison and the New People's Army (NPA) in 2002. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019. The current Philippine president and Sison's former student Rodrigo Duterte also declared the group a terrorist in December 2017 through Proclamation No. 374, though the CPP-NPA has not yet been legally declared as a terrorist group by Philippine courts. The CPP it has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. By the end of Marcos' dictatorship, the number of combatants had expanded to include more than 10,000 fighters. In a speech before the US Congress in 1986, Marcos' successor Corazon Aquino accredited the party's rapid growth as being caused by Marcos' attempts to stifle it with the "means by which it grows" with his establishment of martial law, suggesting that other governments view it as a lesson when dealing with communist insurgencies. In 2019, Sison claimed that the number of its members and supporters is growing, despite claims by the Philippine government that the organization is close to being destroyed. The organization remains an underground operation, with its primary goals being to overthrow the Philippine government through armed revolution and remove U.S. influence over the Philippines. It consists of the National Democratic Front, a coalition of other revolutionary organizations in the Philippines with aligning goals; the Kabataang Makabayan, which serves as its youth wing; and the New People's Army, which serves as its armed wing. (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Sison and the New People's Army (NPA) in 2002. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019. The current Philippine president and Sison's former student Rodrigo Duterte also declared the group a terrorist in December 2017 through Proclamation No. 374. The CPP it has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. By the end of Marcos' dictatorship, the number of combatants had expanded to include more than 10,000 fighters. In a speech before the US Congress in 1986, Marcos' successor Corazon Aquino accredited the party's rapid growth as being caused by Marcos' attempts to stifle it with the "means by which it grows" with his establishment of martial law, suggesting that other governments view it as a lesson when dealing with communist insurgencies. In 2019, Sison claimed that the number of its members and supporters is growing, despite claims by the Philippine government that the organization is close to being destroyed. The organization remains an underground operation, with its primary goals being to overthrow the Philippine government through armed revolution and remove U.S. influence over the Philippines. It consists of the National Democratic Front, a coalition of other revolutionary organizations in the Philippines with aligning goals; the Kabataang Makabayan, which serves as its youth wing; and the New People's Army, which serves as its armed wing. (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. Jose Maria "Joma" Sison designated as a terrorist by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 on 23 September 2001 while the together with the New People’s Army (NPA) were designated as terror groups. On August 8, 2019, the 28-member State European Union (EU), renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA through EU Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341. The United Nations (UN) Report of the Secretary General to the General Assembly in the Situation of Children in Armed Conflict (A/73/907-S/2019/509) condemned the CPP-NPA for committing grave child rights violations through its front organizations such as the League of Filipino Students (LFS) and Karapatan. UN Security Council Resolutions 1379 (2002), 1882 (2009), 1998 (2011) and 2225 (2015) repeatedly declared the systematic and unabated grave child rights violations of the CPP-NPA like inciting children to extremist hate and violence, human trafficking of children to turn them into combatants, exposing children to bombs and assault weapons. The LFS and Karapatan remains as a gateway or recruitment arm of the CPP-NPA terror group The current Philippine president and Sison's former student Rodrigo Duterte also declared the group a terrorist in December 2017 through Proclamation No. 374. However, it has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. By the end of Marcos' dictatorship, the number of combatants had expanded to include more than 10,000 fighters. In a speech before the US Congress in 1986, Marcos' successor Corazon Aquino accredited the party's rapid growth as being caused by Marcos' attempts to stifle it with the "means by which it grows" with his establishment of martial law, suggesting that other governments view it as a lesson when dealing with communist insurgencies. In 2019, Sison claimed that the number of its members and supporters is growing, despite claims by the Philippine government that the organization is close to being destroyed. The organization remains an underground operation, with its primary goals being to overthrow the Philippine government through armed revolution and remove U.S. influence over the Philippines. It consists of the National Democratic Front, a coalition of other revolutionary organizations in the Philippines with aligning goals; the Kabataang Makabayan, which serves as its youth wing; and the New People's Army, which serves as its armed wing. (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Sison and the New People's Army (NPA) in 2002. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019, though the European Union's second highest court ruled in September 2009 to delist Sison as a "person supporting terrorism" and reversed a decision by member governments to freeze assets. The current Philippine president and Sison's former student Rodrigo Duterte also declared the group a terrorist in December 2017 through Proclamation No. 374, though the CPP-NPA has not yet been legally declared as a terrorist group by Philippine courts. The CPP has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. By the end of Marcos' dictatorship, the number of combatants had expanded to include more than 10,000 fighters. In a speech before the US Congress in 1986, Marcos' successor Corazon Aquino accredited the party's rapid growth as being caused by Marcos' attempts to stifle it with the "means by which it grows" with his establishment of martial law, suggesting that other governments view it as a lesson when dealing with communist insurgencies. In 2019, Sison claimed that the number of its members and supporters is growing, despite claims by the Philippine government that the organization is close to being destroyed. The organization remains an underground operation, with its primary goals being to overthrow the Philippine government through armed revolution and remove U.S. influence over the Philippines. It consists of the National Democratic Front, a coalition of other revolutionary organizations in the Philippines with aligning goals; the Kabataang Makabayan, which serves as its youth wing; and the New People's Army, which serves as its armed wing. (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a terrorist group, revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Sison and the New People's Army (NPA) in 2002. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019, though the European Union's second highest court ruled in September 2009 to delist Sison as a "person supporting terrorism" and reversed a decision by member governments to freeze assets. According to the US' Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook, the CPP and its armed wing, the NPA, aims to destabilize the Philippines' economy and overthrow the national government. The current Philippine president and Sison's former student Rodrigo Duterte also declared the group a terrorist in December 2017 through Proclamation No. 374, though the CPP-NPA has not yet been legally declared as a terrorist group by Philippine courts. The CPP has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. By the end of Marcos' dictatorship, the number of combatants had expanded to include more than 10,000 fighters. In a speech before the US Congress in 1986, Marcos' successor Corazon Aquino accredited the party's rapid growth as being caused by Marcos' attempts to stifle it with the "means by which it grows" with his establishment of martial law, suggesting that other governments view it as a lesson when dealing with communist insurgencies. In 2019, Sison claimed that the number of its members and supporters is growing, despite claims by the Philippine government that the organization is close to being destroyed. The organization remains an underground operation, with its primary goals being to overthrow the Philippine government through armed revolution and remove U.S. influence over the Philippines. It consists of the National Democratic Front, a coalition of other revolutionary organizations in the Philippines with aligning goals; the Kabataang Makabayan, which serves as its youth wing; and the New People's Army, which serves as its armed wing. (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Sison and the New People's Army (NPA) in 2002. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019, though the European Union's second highest court ruled in September 2009 to delist Sison as a "person supporting terrorism" and reversed a decision by member governments to freeze assets. According to the US' Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook, the CPP and its armed wing, the NPA, aims to destabilize the Philippines' economy and overthrow the national government. The current Philippine president and Sison's former student Rodrigo Duterte also declared the group a terrorist in December 2017 through Proclamation No. 374, though the CPP-NPA has not yet been legally declared as a terrorist group by Philippine courts. The CPP has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. By the end of Marcos' dictatorship, the number of combatants had expanded to include more than 10,000 fighters. In a speech before the US Congress in 1986, Marcos' successor Corazon Aquino accredited the party's rapid growth as being caused by Marcos' attempts to stifle it with the "means by which it grows" with his establishment of martial law, suggesting that other governments view it as a lesson when dealing with communist insurgencies. In 2019, Sison claimed that the number of its members and supporters is growing, despite claims by the Philippine government that the organization is close to being destroyed. The organization remains an underground operation, with its primary goals being to overthrow the Philippine government through armed revolution and remove U.S. influence over the Philippines. It consists of the National Democratic Front, a coalition of other revolutionary organizations in the Philippines with aligning goals; the Kabataang Makabayan, which serves as its youth wing; and the New People's Army, which serves as its armed wing. (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Sison and the New People's Army (NPA) in 2002. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019, though the European Union's second highest court ruled in September 2009 to delist Sison as a "person supporting terrorism" and reversed a decision by member governments to freeze assets. According to the US' Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook, the CPP and its armed wing, the NPA, aims to destabilize the Philippines' economy and overthrow the national government. The current Philippine president and Sison's former student Rodrigo Duterte also declared the group a terrorist organization in December 2017 through Proclamation No. 374, though the CPP-NPA has not yet been legally declared as a terrorist group by Philippine courts. The CPP has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. By the end of Marcos' dictatorship, the number of combatants had expanded to include more than 10,000 fighters. In a speech before the US Congress in 1986, Marcos' successor Corazon Aquino accredited the party's rapid growth as being caused by Marcos' attempts to stifle it with the "means by which it grows" with his establishment of martial law, suggesting that other governments view it as a lesson when dealing with communist insurgencies. In 2019, Sison claimed that the number of its members and supporters is growing, despite claims by the Philippine government that the organization is close to being destroyed. The organization remains an underground operation, with its primary goals being to overthrow the Philippine government through armed revolution and remove U.S. influence over the Philippines. It consists of the National Democratic Front, a coalition of other revolutionary organizations in the Philippines with aligning goals; the Kabataang Makabayan, which serves as its youth wing; and the New People's Army, which serves as its armed wing. (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Sison and the New People's Army (NPA) in 2002. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019, though the European Union's second highest court ruled in September 2009 to delist Sison as a "person supporting terrorism" and reversed a decision by member governments to freeze assets. According to the US' Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook, the CPP and its armed wing, the NPA, aims to destabilize the Philippines' economy and overthrow the national government. The current Philippine president and Sison's former student Rodrigo Duterte also declared the group a terrorist organization in December 2017 through Proclamation No. 374, though the CPP-NPA has not yet been legally declared as a terrorist group by Philippine courts. The CPP has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. By the end of Marcos rule in the country, the number of combatants had expanded to include more than 10,000 fighters. In a speech before the US Congress in 1986, Marcos' successor Corazon Aquino accredited the party's rapid growth as being caused by Marcos' attempts to stifle it with the "means by which it grows" with his establishment of martial law, suggesting that other governments view it as a lesson when dealing with communist insurgencies. In 2019, Sison claimed that the number of its members and supporters is growing, despite claims by the Philippine government that the organization is close to being destroyed. The organization remains an underground operation, with its primary goals being to overthrow the Philippine government through armed revolution and remove U.S. influence over the Philippines. It consists of the National Democratic Front, a coalition of other revolutionary organizations in the Philippines with aligning goals; the Kabataang Makabayan, which serves as its youth wing; and the New People's Army, which serves as its armed wing. (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison and on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Sison and the New People's Army (NPA) in 2002. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019, though the European Union's second highest court ruled in September 2009 to delist Sison as a "person supporting terrorism" and reversed a decision by member governments to freeze assets. According to the US' Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook, the CPP and its armed wing, the NPA, aims to destabilize the Philippines' economy and overthrow the national government. The current Philippine president and Sison's former student Rodrigo Duterte also declared the group a terrorist organization in December 2017 through Proclamation No. 374, though the CPP-NPA has not yet been legally declared as a terrorist group by Philippine courts. The CPP has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. By the end of Marcos rule in the country, the number of combatants had expanded to include more than 10,000 fighters. In a speech before the US Congress in 1986, Marcos' successor Corazon Aquino accredited the party's rapid growth as being caused by Marcos' attempts to stifle it with the "means by which it grows" with his establishment of martial law, suggesting that other governments view it as a lesson when dealing with communist insurgencies. In 2019, Sison claimed that the number of its members and supporters is growing, despite claims by the Philippine government that the organization is close to being destroyed. The organization remains an underground operation, with its primary goals being to overthrow the Philippine government through armed revolution and remove U.S. influence over the Philippines. It consists of the National Democratic Front, a coalition of other revolutionary organizations in the Philippines with aligning goals; the Kabataang Makabayan, which serves as its youth wing; and the New People's Army, which serves as its armed wing. (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a terrorist, revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Sison and the New People's Army (NPA) in 2002. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019, though the European Union's second highest court ruled in September 2009 to delist Sison as a "person supporting terrorism" and reversed a decision by member governments to freeze assets. According to the US' Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook, the CPP and its armed wing, the NPA, aims to destabilize the Philippines' economy and overthrow the national government. The current Philippine president and Sison's former student Rodrigo Duterte also declared the group a terrorist organization in December 2017 through Proclamation No. 374, though the CPP-NPA has not yet been legally declared as a terrorist group by Philippine courts. The CPP has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. By the end of Marcos rule in the country, the number of combatants had expanded to include more than 10,000 fighters. In a speech before the US Congress in 1986, Marcos' successor Corazon Aquino accredited the party's rapid growth as being caused by Marcos' attempts to stifle it with the "means by which it grows" with his establishment of martial law, suggesting that other governments view it as a lesson when dealing with communist insurgencies. In 2019, Sison claimed that the number of its members and supporters is growing, despite claims by the Philippine government that the organization is close to being destroyed. The organization remains an underground operation, with its primary goals being to overthrow the Philippine government through armed revolution and remove U.S. influence over the Philippines. It consists of the National Democratic Front, a coalition of other revolutionary organizations in the Philippines with aligning goals; the Kabataang Makabayan, which serves as its youth wing; and the New People's Army, which serves as its armed wing. (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on 26 December 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Sison and the New People's Army (NPA) in 2002. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019, though the European Union's second highest court ruled in September 2009 to delist Sison as a "person supporting terrorism" and reversed a decision by member governments to freeze assets. According to the US' Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook, the CPP and its armed wing, the NPA, aims to destabilize the Philippines' economy and overthrow the national government. The current Philippine president and Sison's former student Rodrigo Duterte also declared the group a terrorist organization in December 2017 through Proclamation No. 374, though the CPP-NPA has not yet been legally declared as a terrorist group by Philippine courts. The CPP has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. By the end of Marcos rule in the country, the number of combatants had expanded to include more than 10,000 fighters. In a speech before the US Congress in 1986, Marcos' successor Corazon Aquino accredited the party's rapid growth as being caused by Marcos' attempts to stifle it with the "means by which it grows" with his establishment of martial law, suggesting that other governments view it as a lesson when dealing with communist insurgencies. In 2019, Sison claimed that the number of its members and supporters is growing, despite claims by the Philippine government that the organization is close to being destroyed. The organization remains an underground operation, with its primary goals being to overthrow the Philippine government through armed revolution and remove U.S. influence over the Philippines. It consists of the National Democratic Front, a coalition of other revolutionary organizations in the Philippines with aligning goals; the Kabataang Makabayan, which serves as its youth wing; and the New People's Army, which serves as its armed wing. (en)
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  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It was designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State and by the current Philippine president and Sison's former student Rodrigo Duterte in December 2017. However, it has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. By the end of Marcos' dictatorship, the number of combatants had expanded to include more than 10,000 fighters. In (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State, the European Union, and by the current Philippine president and Sison's former student Rodrigo Duterte in December 2017. However, it has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. By the end of Marcos' dictatorship, the number of combatants had expanded to include more than (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Jose Maria “Joma” Sison and the New Peoples Army (NPA) in 2002. The CPP, Sison and the NPA remain as terror designated entities and individuals despite extensive financial resources spent in removing them from the list. (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Sison and the New People's Army (NPA) in 2002. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019, though the European Union's second highest court ruled in September 2009 to delist Sison as a "person supporting terrorism" and reversed a decision by member governments to freeze assets. (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Sison and the New People's Army (NPA) in 2002. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019. (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. Jose Maria "Joma" Sison designated as a terrorist by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 on 23 September 2001 while the together with the New People’s Army (NPA) were designated as terror groups. On August 8, 2019, the 28-member State European Union (EU), renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA through EU Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341. (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a terrorist group, revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Sison and the New People's Army (NPA) in 2002. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019, though the European Union's second highest court ruled in September 2009 to delist Sison as a "person supporting terrorism" and reversed a decision by member governments to freeze assets. According to the US' Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook, the CPP and its armed wing (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Sison and the New People's Army (NPA) in 2002. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019, though the European Union's second highest court ruled in September 2009 to delist Sison as a "person supporting terrorism" and reversed a decision by member governments to freeze assets. According to the US' Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook, the CPP and its armed wing, the NPA, aims t (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison and on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Sison and the New People's Army (NPA) in 2002. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019, though the European Union's second highest court ruled in September 2009 to delist Sison as a "person supporting terrorism" and reversed a decision by member governments to freeze assets. According to the US' Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook, the CPP and its armed wing, the NPA, a (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a terrorist, revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Sison and the New People's Army (NPA) in 2002. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019, though the European Union's second highest court ruled in September 2009 to delist Sison as a "person supporting terrorism" and reversed a decision by member governments to freeze assets. According to the US' Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook, the CPP and its armed wing, the (en)
  • The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on 26 December 1968. It is designated as a terrorist group by the United States Department of State through Executive Order No. 13224 together with Sison and the New People's Army (NPA) in 2002. The European Union, through Council Decision (CSFP) 2019/1341, renewed the terrorist designation of the CPP-NPA in 2019, though the European Union's second highest court ruled in September 2009 to delist Sison as a "person supporting terrorism" and reversed a decision by member governments to freeze assets. According to the US' Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook, the CPP and its armed wing, the NPA, aims to (en)
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