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  • The cello (/ˈtʃɛloʊ/ CHEL-oh; plural cellos or celli) or violoncello (/ˌvaɪələnˈtʃɛloʊ/ VY-ə-lən-CHEL-oh; Italian pronunciation: [vjolonˈtʃɛllo]) is a bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. The strings from low to high are generally tuned to C2, G2, D3 and A3. It is a member of the violin family of musical instruments, which also includes the violin and viola.The cello is used as a solo musical instrument, as well as in chamber music ensembles, string orchestras, as a member of the string section of symphony orchestras, and some rock bands. It is the second-largest bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra, the double bass being the largest.Cellos were derived from other mid- to large-sized bowed instruments in the 16th century, such as the viola da gamba, and the generally smaller and squarer viola da braccio, and such instruments made by members of the Amati family of luthiers.Cello parts are generally written in the bass clef, but both tenor and treble clefs are used for higher-range parts.A person who plays the cello is called a cellist or violoncellist. (en)
  • The cello ( CHEL-oh; plural cellos or celli) or violoncello ( VY-ə-lən-CHEL-oh; Italian pronunciation: [vjolonˈtʃɛllo]) is a bowed, and sometimes plucked, string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. The strings from low to high are generally tuned to C2, G2, D3 and A3, an octave lower than the viola. It is the bass member of the violin family of musical instruments, which also includes the violin, viola and the double bass. The cello is used as a solo musical instrument, as well as in chamber music ensembles (e.g., string quartet), string orchestras, as a member of the string section of symphony orchestras, and some types of rock bands. It is the second-largest and second lowest (in pitch) bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra, the double bass being the largest and having the lowest (deepest) pitch.Music for the cello is generally written in the bass clef, but both tenor clef and treble clef are also used for higher-range parts, both in orchestral/chamber music parts and in solo cello works. A person who plays the cello is called a cellist or violoncellist. In a small Classical ensemble, such as a string quartet, the cello typically plays the bass part, the lowest-pitched musical line of the piece. In orchestra, in Baroque era (ca. 1600-1750) and Classical period (ca. 1725-1800), the cello typically plays the bass part, generally an octave higher than the double basses. In Baroque era music, the cello is used to play the basso continuo bassline, typically along with a keyboard instrument (e.g., pipe organ or harpsichord) or a fretted, plucked stringed instrument (e.g., lute or theorbo). In a Baroque performance, the cello player might be joined by other bass instruments, playing double bass, viol or other low-register instruments. (en)
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  • 2017-09-28 02:12:58Z (xsd:date)
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  • 6558 (xsd:integer)
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  • 69500 (xsd:integer)
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  • 2017-09-06 12:22:11Z (xsd:date)
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dbp:background
  • string (en)
dbp:description
  • Élégie by Gabriel Fauré, performed by Hans Goldstein and Eli Kalman (en)
  • Bwv1007, first movement. Performed by John Michel (en)
  • BWV 1009, 4th movement. Performed by Annie Camp in Atlanta on a 2008 Stephanie Voss Violoncello (en)
  • Composed by Georg Philipp Telemann, performed by the Advent Chamber Orchestra with cellist Stephen Balderston (en)
  • Prelude No.1 in C Major from Well-Tempered Clavier Book I by J.S. Bach, later rewritten as Gounod's Ave Maria. Performed by John Michel (en)
  • First movement of Dvořák's Cello Concerto, performed by John Michel (en)
dbp:developed
  • about 1660 from the bass violin (en)
dbp:filename
  • Faure - Elegie.ogg (en)
  • JOHN MICHEL CELLO-BACH AVE MARIA.ogg (en)
  • VossSarabande.ogg (en)
  • JOHN MICHEL CELLO-J S BACH CELLO SUITE 1 in G Prelude.ogg (en)
  • Telemann - Concert Suite in D major TWV55D6 - 1. Overture.ogg (en)
  • JOHN MICHEL CELLO-DVORAK CELLO CONCERTO IN B MINOR 1st.ogg (en)
dbp:format
dbp:hornbostelSachs
  • 321.322000 (xsd:double)
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  • Composite chordophone sounded by a bow (en)
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  • Cello, front and side view. The endpin at the bottom is retracted or removed for easier storage and transportation, and adjusted for height in accordance to the player. (en)
  • Cello, front and side view. The endpin at the bottom is retracted or removed for easier storage and transportation, and adjusted for height in accordance to the player. It makes a SCHREECH noise (en)
dbp:name
  • Cello (en)
dbp:names
  • Violoncello (en)
dbp:range
  • 130 (xsd:integer)
dbp:related
  • *Violin family *Viol family (en)
  • *Violin family (en)
  • *Violin family *Double bass (en)
dbp:title
  • Concert Suite in D major for Orchestra and Viola da Gamba - TWV55:D6 - 1. Overture (en)
  • Ave Maria (en)
  • Bach's Cello Suite #1 , 1st movement - Prelude (en)
  • Cello Concerto by Dvořák, 1st movement (en)
  • J.S. Bach's Cello Suite #3, Sarabande (en)
  • Élégie by Fauré (en)
  • Sonata for Solo Cello, Op. 8 – 3. Allegro molto vivace (en)
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  • The cello (/ˈtʃɛloʊ/ CHEL-oh; plural cellos or celli) or violoncello (/ˌvaɪələnˈtʃɛloʊ/ VY-ə-lən-CHEL-oh; Italian pronunciation: [vjolonˈtʃɛllo]) is a bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. The strings from low to high are generally tuned to C2, G2, D3 and A3. (en)
  • The cello ( CHEL-oh; plural cellos or celli) or violoncello ( VY-ə-lən-CHEL-oh; Italian pronunciation: [vjolonˈtʃɛllo]) is a bowed, and sometimes plucked, string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. The strings from low to high are generally tuned to C2, G2, D3 and A3, an octave lower than the viola. It is the bass member of the violin family of musical instruments, which also includes the violin, viola and the double bass. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Cello (en)
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