Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • The Battle of Berlin, designated the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation by the Soviet Union, was the final major offensive of the European theatre of World War II.Following the Vistula–Oder Offensive of January–February 1945, the Red Army had temporarily halted on a line 60 km (37 mi) east of Berlin. When the offensive resumed on 16 April, two Soviet fronts (army groups) attacked Berlin from the east and south, while a third overran German forces positioned north of Berlin.The first defensive preparations at the outskirts of Berlin were made on 20 March, under the newly appointed commander of Army Group Vistula, General Gotthard Heinrici. Before the main battle in Berlin commenced, the Red Army encircled the city after successful battles of the Seelow Heights and Halbe. During 20 April 1945, the 1st Belorussian Front led by Marshal Georgy Zhukov started shelling Berlin's city centre, while Marshal Ivan Konev's 1st Ukrainian Front had pushed from the south through the last formations of Army Group Centre. The German defences were mainly led by Helmuth Weidling. The units consisted of several depleted and disorganised Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS divisions, along with poorly trained Volkssturm and Hitler Youth members. Within the next few days, the Red Army reached the city centre where close-quarters combat raged.Before the battle was over, German Führer Adolf Hitler and some of his followers committed suicide. The city's defenders surrendered on 2 May, but fighting continued to the north-west, west, and south-west of the city until the end of the war in Europe on 8 May (9 May in the Soviet Union) as German units fought westward so that they could surrender to the Western Allies rather than to the Soviets. (en)
  • The Battle of Berlin, designated the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation by the Soviet Union, was the final major offensive of the European theatre of World War II.Following the Vistula–Oder Offensive of January–February 1945, the Red Army had temporarily halted on a line 60 km (37 mi) east of Berlin. When the offensive resumed on 16 April, two Soviet fronts (army groups) attacked Berlin from the east and south, while a third overran German forces positioned north of Berlin.The first defensive preparations at the outskirts of Berlin were made on 20 March, under the newly appointed commander of Army Group Vistula, General Gotthard Heinrici. Before the main battle in Berlin commenced, the Red Army encircled the city after successful battles of the Seelow Heights and Halbe. On 20 April 1945, the 1st Belorussian Front led by Marshal Georgy Zhukov started shelling Berlin's city centre, while Marshal Ivan Konev's 1st Ukrainian Front had pushed from the south through the last formations of Army Group Centre. Defenses in Berlin's city center were mainly led by General Helmuth Weidling. These units consisted of several depleted and disorganized Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS divisions, along with poorly trained Volkssturm and Hitler Youth members. Within the next few days, the Red Army reached the city centre where close-quarters combat raged.Before the battle was over, German Führer Adolf Hitler and many other major officials of the Nazi regime committed suicide. The city's garrison surrendered on 2 May, but fighting continued to the north-west, west, and south-west of the city until the end of the war in Europe on 8 May (9 May in the Soviet Union) as German units fought westward so that they could surrender to the Western Allies rather than to the Soviets. (en)
  • The Battle of Berlin, designated the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation by the Soviet Union, was the final major offensive of the European theatre of World War II.Following the Vistula–Oder Offensive of January–February 1945, the Red Army had temporarily halted on a line 60 km (37 mi) east of Berlin. On 9 March, Germany established its defense plan for the city with Operation Clausewitz. The first defensive preparations at the outskirts of Berlin were made on 20 March, under the newly appointed commander of Army Group Vistula, General Gotthard Heinrici.When the Soviet offensive resumed on 16 April, two Soviet fronts (army groups) attacked Berlin from the east and south, while a third overran German forces positioned north of Berlin. Before the main battle in Berlin commenced, the Red Army encircled the city after successful battles of the Seelow Heights and Halbe. On 20 April 1945, the 1st Belorussian Front led by Marshal Georgy Zhukov started shelling Berlin's city centre, while Marshal Ivan Konev's 1st Ukrainian Front had pushed from the south through the last formations of Army Group Centre. Concurrently, Hitler called for the activation of Operation Clausewitz on the same date. Defenses in Berlin's city center were mainly led by General Helmuth Weidling. These units consisted of several depleted and disorganized Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS divisions, along with poorly trained Volkssturm and Hitler Youth members. Within the next few days, the Red Army reached the city centre where close-quarters combat raged.Before the battle was over, German Führer Adolf Hitler and many other major officials of the Nazi regime committed suicide. The city's garrison surrendered on 2 May, but fighting continued to the north-west, west, and south-west of the city until the end of the war in Europe on 8 May (9 May in the Soviet Union) as German units fought westward so that they could surrender to the Western Allies rather than to the Soviets. (en)
  • The Battle of Berlin, designated the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation by the Soviet Union, was the final major offensive of the European theatre of World War II.Following the Vistula–Oder Offensive of January–February 1945, the Red Army had temporarily halted on a line 60 km (37 mi) east of Berlin. On 9 March, Germany established its defence plan for the city with Operation Clausewitz. The first defensive preparations at the outskirts of Berlin were made on 20 March, under the newly appointed commander of Army Group Vistula, General Gotthard Heinrici.When the Soviet offensive resumed on 16 April, two Soviet fronts (army groups) attacked Berlin from the east and south, while a third overran German forces positioned north of Berlin. Before the main battle in Berlin commenced, the Red Army encircled the city after successful battles of the Seelow Heights and Halbe. On 20 April 1945, Hitler's birthday, the 1st Belorussian Front led by Marshal Georgy Zhukov, advancing from the east and north, started shelling Berlin's city centre, while Marshal Ivan Konev's 1st Ukrainian Front broke through Army Group Centre and advanced towards the southern suburbs of Berlin. On 23 April General Helmuth Weidling assumed command of the forces within Berlin. The garrison consisted of several depleted and disorganized Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS divisions, along with poorly trained Volkssturm and Hitler Youth members. During the next week, the Red Army advanced towards the city centre overcoming tenacious and desperate German [Urban warfare|house to house resistance]].Before the battle was over, Hitler and a number of his followers committed suicide. The city's garrison finally surrendered on 2 May; however, fighting continued to the north-west, west, and south-west of the city until the end of the war in Europe on 8 May (9 May in the Soviet Union) as German units fought westward so that they could surrender to the Western Allies rather than to the Soviets. (en)
  • The Battle of Berlin, designated the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation by the Soviet Union, was the final major offensive of the European theatre of World War II.Following the Vistula–Oder Offensive of January–February 1945, the Red Army had temporarily halted on a line 60 km (37 mi) east of Berlin. On 9 March, Germany established its defence plan for the city with Operation Clausewitz. The first defensive preparations at the outskirts of Berlin were made on 20 March, under the newly appointed commander of Army Group Vistula, General Gotthard Heinrici.When the Soviet offensive resumed on 16 April, two Soviet fronts (army groups) attacked Berlin from the east and south, while a third overran German forces positioned north of Berlin. Before the main battle in Berlin commenced, the Red Army encircled the city after successful battles of the Seelow Heights and Halbe. On 20 April 1945, Hitler's birthday, the 1st Belorussian Front led by Marshal Georgy Zhukov, advancing from the east and north, started shelling Berlin's city centre, while Marshal Ivan Konev's 1st Ukrainian Front broke through Army Group Centre and advanced towards the southern suburbs of Berlin. On 23 April General Helmuth Weidling assumed command of the forces within Berlin. The garrison consisted of several depleted and disorganised Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS divisions, along with poorly trained Volkssturm and Hitler Youth members. Over the course of the next week, the Red Army gradually took the entire city.Before the battle was over, Hitler and several of his followers killed themselves. The city's garrison surrendered on 2 May but fighting continued to the north-west, west, and south-west of the city until the end of the war in Europe on 8 May (9 May in the Soviet Union) as some German units fought westward so that they could surrender to the Western Allies rather than to the Soviets. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • (operational total)
  • * 2,108 artillery pieces
  • * 280,251 sick or wounded
  • * 81,116 dead or missing
  • * 917 aircraft
  • * Archival research
  • * 1,997 tanks and SPGs destroyed
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 1945-05-02 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • Decisive Soviet victory
  • * Unconditional surrender of the Berlin city garrison on 2 May. German forces still fighting the battle outside Berlin capitulated on 8/9 May (following the unconditional surrender of all German forces—seeEnd of World War II in Europe)
  • *Suicide of Adolf Hitlerand deaths of other high-ranking Nazi officials
dbo:strength
  • ''
  • )
  • and assault on the Berlin Defence Area: about 1,500,000 soldiers
  • * 1,519
  • * 2,224 aircraft
  • * 36 divisions
  • * 41,600 artillery pieces.
  • * 6,250 tanks and SP guns
  • * 7,500 aircraft
  • * 766,750 soldiers
  • * 9,303 artillery pieces
  • * For the
  • * Total strength:
  • **2,500,000 soldiers (155,900 – c.200,000
  • , and 40,000 ''
  • AFVs
  • Hitler Youth
  • Polish People's Army
  • Volkssturm
  • investment
  • * In the Berlin Defence Area: about 45,000 soldiers, supplemented by the police force,
dbo:territory
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  • 2017-06-24 04:48:38Z (xsd:date)
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  • 291145 (xsd:integer)
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  • 2017-06-23 13:08:42Z (xsd:date)
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dbp:caption
  • Minutes after the battle ended, two Soviet soldiers raise a flag over the Reichstag. The building was a major target because of symbolic significance to the German Army. (en)
  • Soviet soldiers raise a flag over the Reichstag (en)
dbp:casualties
  • 92000 (xsd:integer)
  • * 480,000 captured (en)
  • * 81,116 dead or missing (en)
  • * Archival research (en)
  • * Estimated: (en)
  • * Inside Berlin Defence Area: * about 22,000 military dead * 22,000 civilian dead (en)
  • * 2,108 artillery pieces * 917 aircraft (en)
  • * 280,251 sick or wounded * 1,997 tanks and SPGs destroyed (en)
dbp:colwidth
  • 40 (xsd:integer)
dbp:commander
  • *Georgy Zhukov 2nd Belorussian Front: *Konstantin Rokossovsky 1st Ukrainian Front: *Ivan Konev (en)
  • *Gotthard Heinrici *Kurt von Tippelskirch Army Group Centre: *Ferdinand Schörner Berlin Defence Area: *Hellmuth Reymann *Helmuth Weidling (en)
dbp:commons
  • y (en)
dbp:commonsSearch
  • Category:Battle of Berlin (en)
dbp:conflict
  • Battle of Berlin (en)
dbp:date
  • --04-16
dbp:imageSize
  • 280 (xsd:integer)
dbp:notes
  • --04-28
dbp:partof
  • the Eastern Front of World War II (en)
dbp:place
dbp:portal
  • Soviet Union (en)
  • World War II (en)
  • Military of Germany (en)
  • Nazi Germany (en)
dbp:result
  • --05-02
dbp:strength
  • dbr:Armoured_fighting_vehicle
  • dbr:Volkssturm
  • dbr:Hitler_Youth
  • dbr:Investment_(military)
  • '' (en)
  • and assault on the Berlin Defence Area: about 1,500,000 soldiers (en)
  • * 1,519 (en)
  • * 2,224 aircraft (en)
  • * 41,600 artillery pieces. (en)
  • * 6,250 tanks and SP guns (en)
  • * 7,500 aircraft (en)
  • * 766,750 soldiers (en)
  • * 9,303 artillery pieces (en)
  • * For the (en)
  • * Total strength: * 36 divisions (en)
  • * Total strength: **2,500,000 soldiers (en)
  • , and 40,000 '' (en)
  • * In the Berlin Defence Area: about 45,000 soldiers, supplemented by the police force, (en)
dbp:territory
  • Destruction of Nazi Germany (en)
  • Soviets occupy what will later be East Germany. (en)
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  • The Battle of Berlin, designated the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation by the Soviet Union, was the final major offensive of the European theatre of World War II.Following the Vistula–Oder Offensive of January–February 1945, the Red Army had temporarily halted on a line 60 km (37 mi) east of Berlin. (en)
  • The Battle of Berlin, designated the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation by the Soviet Union, was the final major offensive of the European theatre of World War II.Following the Vistula–Oder Offensive of January–February 1945, the Red Army had temporarily halted on a line 60 km (37 mi) east of Berlin. On 9 March, Germany established its defense plan for the city with Operation Clausewitz. (en)
  • The Battle of Berlin, designated the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation by the Soviet Union, was the final major offensive of the European theatre of World War II.Following the Vistula–Oder Offensive of January–February 1945, the Red Army had temporarily halted on a line 60 km (37 mi) east of Berlin. On 9 March, Germany established its defence plan for the city with Operation Clausewitz. (en)
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  • Battle of Berlin (en)
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  • Battle of Berlin (en)
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