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The Heart of Asia - Istanbul Process was established to provide a platform to discuss regional issues, particularly encouraging security, political, and economic cooperation among Afghanistan and its neighbors. This region-led dialogue was launched in November 2011 to expand practical coordination between Afghanistan and its neighbors and regional partners in facing common threats, including counterterrorism, counternarcotics, poverty, and extremism. The process has 3 pillars, namely, Political Consultation, Confidence Building Measures(CBM), and cooperation with regional organizations. India is the lead country for trade, commerce and investment CBM. The United States and over 20 other nations and organizations serve as "supporting nations" to the process.

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  • The Heart of Asia - Istanbul Process was established to provide a platform to discuss regional issues, particularly encouraging security, political, and economic cooperation among Afghanistan and its neighbors. This region-led dialogue was launched in November 2011 to expand practical coordination between Afghanistan and its neighbors and regional partners in facing common threats, including counterterrorism, counternarcotics, poverty, and extremism. The process has 3 pillars, namely, Political Consultation, Confidence Building Measures(CBM), and cooperation with regional organizations. India is the lead country for trade, commerce and investment CBM. The United States and over 20 other nations and organizations serve as "supporting nations" to the process.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by of the Heart of Asia region and beyond the region as well as is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures .
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by of the Heart of Asia region and beyond the region as well as is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)"].
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and beyond the region as well as is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)"].
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)"].
  • '''Information about the “Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process”'''' Date of Establishment: 2 November 2011 ''''Introduction:'''' The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs).
  • ''' Information about the “Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process” '''' Date of Establishment: 2 November 2011 ''''Introduction:'''' The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs).
  • Information about the “Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process” Date of Establishment: 2 November 2011 Introduction: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs).
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) Introduction: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs).
  • the “Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process” The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs).
  • The “Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process” The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs).
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs).
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  • Istanbul Process
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  • The Heart of Asia - Istanbul Process was established to provide a platform to discuss regional issues, particularly encouraging security, political, and economic cooperation among Afghanistan and its neighbors. This region-led dialogue was launched in November 2011 to expand practical coordination between Afghanistan and its neighbors and regional partners in facing common threats, including counterterrorism, counternarcotics, poverty, and extremism. The process has 3 pillars, namely, Political Consultation, Confidence Building Measures(CBM), and cooperation with regional organizations. India is the lead country for trade, commerce and investment CBM. The United States and over 20 other nations and organizations serve as "supporting nations" to the process. On 26 April 2013, Almaty, Kazakhstan, hosted the third Ministerial Conference of the Istanbul Process which gathered leaders from Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan,and the United Arab Emirates along with Western countries and international organizations, to discuss mechanisms to support regional cooperation. The April meeting focused on the creation of "Silk Routes Partnership for Migration" to promote further dialogue and cooperation on the issue of migration. The meeting also produced a declaration in support of Afghanistan’s development and the withdrawal of international forces. Kazakhstan’s diplomats supported regional efforts in the areas of counter-terrorism and counter-narcotics trafficking, trade promotion, the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline, the CASA-1000 electricity project, and the expansion of the transit corridors under the Asian Development Bank’s Central Asia Regional Economic Corridor (CAREC) Program. Kazakhstan has helped to fund the Afghan National Security Forces and financed a fifty-million-dollar program to educate Afghan students in Kazakhstan.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by of the Heart of Asia region and beyond the region as well as is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures . The Heart of Asia - Istanbul Process was established to provide a platform to discuss regional issues, particularly encouraging security, political, and economic cooperation among Afghanistan and its neighbors. This region-led dialogue was launched in November 2011 to expand practical coordination between Afghanistan and its neighbors and regional partners in facing common threats, including counterterrorism, counternarcotics, poverty, and extremism. The process has 3 pillars, namely, Political Consultation, Confidence Building Measures(CBM), and cooperation with regional organizations. India is the lead country for trade, commerce and investment CBM. The United States and over 20 other nations and organizations serve as "supporting nations" to the process. On 26 April 2013, Almaty, Kazakhstan, hosted the third Ministerial Conference of the Istanbul Process which gathered leaders from Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan,and the United Arab Emirates along with Western countries and international organizations, to discuss mechanisms to support regional cooperation. The April meeting focused on the creation of "Silk Routes Partnership for Migration" to promote further dialogue and cooperation on the issue of migration. The meeting also produced a declaration in support of Afghanistan’s development and the withdrawal of international forces. Kazakhstan’s diplomats supported regional efforts in the areas of counter-terrorism and counter-narcotics trafficking, trade promotion, the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline, the CASA-1000 electricity project, and the expansion of the transit corridors under the Asian Development Bank’s Central Asia Regional Economic Corridor (CAREC) Program. Kazakhstan has helped to fund the Afghan National Security Forces and financed a fifty-million-dollar program to educate Afghan students in Kazakhstan.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by of the Heart of Asia region and beyond the region as well as is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)"]. The Heart of Asia - Istanbul Process was established to provide a platform to discuss regional issues, particularly encouraging security, political, and economic cooperation among Afghanistan and its neighbors. This region-led dialogue was launched in November 2011 to expand practical coordination between Afghanistan and its neighbors and regional partners in facing common threats, including counterterrorism, counternarcotics, poverty, and extremism. The process has 3 pillars, namely, Political Consultation, Confidence Building Measures(CBM), and cooperation with regional organizations. India is the lead country for trade, commerce and investment CBM. The United States and over 20 other nations and organizations serve as "supporting nations" to the process. On 26 April 2013, Almaty, Kazakhstan, hosted the third Ministerial Conference of the Istanbul Process which gathered leaders from Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan,and the United Arab Emirates along with Western countries and international organizations, to discuss mechanisms to support regional cooperation. The April meeting focused on the creation of "Silk Routes Partnership for Migration" to promote further dialogue and cooperation on the issue of migration. The meeting also produced a declaration in support of Afghanistan’s development and the withdrawal of international forces. Kazakhstan’s diplomats supported regional efforts in the areas of counter-terrorism and counter-narcotics trafficking, trade promotion, the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline, the CASA-1000 electricity project, and the expansion of the transit corridors under the Asian Development Bank’s Central Asia Regional Economic Corridor (CAREC) Program. Kazakhstan has helped to fund the Afghan National Security Forces and financed a fifty-million-dollar program to educate Afghan students in Kazakhstan.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and beyond the region as well as is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)"]. The Heart of Asia - Istanbul Process was established to provide a platform to discuss regional issues, particularly encouraging security, political, and economic cooperation among Afghanistan and its neighbors. This region-led dialogue was launched in November 2011 to expand practical coordination between Afghanistan and its neighbors and regional partners in facing common threats, including counterterrorism, counternarcotics, poverty, and extremism. The process has 3 pillars, namely, Political Consultation, Confidence Building Measures(CBM), and cooperation with regional organizations. India is the lead country for trade, commerce and investment CBM. The United States and over 20 other nations and organizations serve as "supporting nations" to the process. On 26 April 2013, Almaty, Kazakhstan, hosted the third Ministerial Conference of the Istanbul Process which gathered leaders from Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan,and the United Arab Emirates along with Western countries and international organizations, to discuss mechanisms to support regional cooperation. The April meeting focused on the creation of "Silk Routes Partnership for Migration" to promote further dialogue and cooperation on the issue of migration. The meeting also produced a declaration in support of Afghanistan’s development and the withdrawal of international forces. Kazakhstan’s diplomats supported regional efforts in the areas of counter-terrorism and counter-narcotics trafficking, trade promotion, the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline, the CASA-1000 electricity project, and the expansion of the transit corridors under the Asian Development Bank’s Central Asia Regional Economic Corridor (CAREC) Program. Kazakhstan has helped to fund the Afghan National Security Forces and financed a fifty-million-dollar program to educate Afghan students in Kazakhstan.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)"]. The Heart of Asia - Istanbul Process was established to provide a platform to discuss regional issues, particularly encouraging security, political, and economic cooperation among Afghanistan and its neighbors. This region-led dialogue was launched in November 2011 to expand practical coordination between Afghanistan and its neighbors and regional partners in facing common threats, including counterterrorism, counternarcotics, poverty, and extremism. The process has 3 pillars, namely, Political Consultation, Confidence Building Measures(CBM), and cooperation with regional organizations. India is the lead country for trade, commerce and investment CBM. The United States and over 20 other nations and organizations serve as "supporting nations" to the process. On 26 April 2013, Almaty, Kazakhstan, hosted the third Ministerial Conference of the Istanbul Process which gathered leaders from Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan,and the United Arab Emirates along with Western countries and international organizations, to discuss mechanisms to support regional cooperation. The April meeting focused on the creation of "Silk Routes Partnership for Migration" to promote further dialogue and cooperation on the issue of migration. The meeting also produced a declaration in support of Afghanistan’s development and the withdrawal of international forces. Kazakhstan’s diplomats supported regional efforts in the areas of counter-terrorism and counter-narcotics trafficking, trade promotion, the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline, the CASA-1000 electricity project, and the expansion of the transit corridors under the Asian Development Bank’s Central Asia Regional Economic Corridor (CAREC) Program. Kazakhstan has helped to fund the Afghan National Security Forces and financed a fifty-million-dollar program to educate Afghan students in Kazakhstan.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)". Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with regional and international organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Regional Cooperation Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries:There are 15 participating countries of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries:Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this process as supporting countries, which includes Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Finland, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America.Regional and International Supporting Organizations:Twelve of the regional and international processes and organizations also participate as supporters of the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially its Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). The Heart of Asia - Istanbul Process was established to provide a platform to discuss regional issues, particularly encouraging security, political, and economic cooperation among Afghanistan and its neighbors. This region-led dialogue was launched in November 2011 to expand practical coordination between Afghanistan and its neighbors and regional partners in facing common threats, including counterterrorism, counternarcotics, poverty, and extremism. The process has 3 pillars, namely, Political Consultation, Confidence Building Measures(CBM), and cooperation with regional organizations. India is the lead country for trade, commerce and investment CBM. The United States and over 20 other nations and organizations serve as "supporting nations" to the process. On 26 April 2013, Almaty, Kazakhstan, hosted the third Ministerial Conference of the Istanbul Process which gathered leaders from Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan,and the United Arab Emirates along with Western countries and international organizations, to discuss mechanisms to support regional cooperation. The April meeting focused on the creation of "Silk Routes Partnership for Migration" to promote further dialogue and cooperation on the issue of migration. The meeting also produced a declaration in support of Afghanistan’s development and the withdrawal of international forces. Kazakhstan’s diplomats supported regional efforts in the areas of counter-terrorism and counter-narcotics trafficking, trade promotion, the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline, the CASA-1000 electricity project, and the expansion of the transit corridors under the Asian Development Bank’s Central Asia Regional Economic Corridor (CAREC) Program. Kazakhstan has helped to fund the Afghan National Security Forces and financed a fifty-million-dollar program to educate Afghan students in Kazakhstan.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)". Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with regional and international organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Regional Cooperation Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries:There are 15 participating countries of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries:Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this process as supporting countries, which includes Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Finland, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America.Regional and International Supporting Organizations:Twelve of the regional and international processes and organizations also participate as supporters of the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially its Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Areas of Cooperation in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process is based on three main areas of cooperation: Political Consultations, Confidence Building Measures, and Cooperation with Regional Organizations.1. Political Consultations:Political consultations are an important step towards building confidence and generating regional consensus and coherence. This is an intrinsic ingredient of regional cooperation to bring the HoA countries and stakeholders together around a set of common regional interests and to foster understanding. An increase in coherent regional political consultations has the potential to strengthen genuine cooperation in the HoA region.The HoA Process has identified regional political consultation as its primary element to bring Afghanistan, its near and extended neighbors around the table. In fact, the Process has generated a new momentum of regional cooperation in the HoA region and made progress in creating a sense of interconnectedness between the region and Afghanistan. 2. Confidence Building Measures(CBMs) and lead countries:Regional cooperation requires the identification of areas of common interests. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has the following seven different CBMs (one under process) in which one or more than one participating country/ies of the process has the lead:a. Counter Terrorism (CT): Led by Afghanistan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates.b. Counter Narcotics (CN): Led by Azerbaijan and the Russia.c. Disaster Management (DM): Led by Kazakhstan and Pakistan.d. (CE): Led by Iran.e. (RI): led by Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan.f. (TCI): Led by India.g. (AD): decided upon in Azerbaijan 2017 and is under process, Pakistan and Uzbekistan has declared to lead this CBM.These CBMs promote regional dialogue and cooperation within the Heart of Asia region. Each CBM has one or more lead countries that coordinate the activities and keep track of the progress made in each of these areas. Each CBM also has a desk within the Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a designated person acting as a focal point to follow up with the lead, participating and supporting countries and organizations. The Heart of Asia - Istanbul Process was established to provide a platform to discuss regional issues, particularly encouraging security, political, and economic cooperation among Afghanistan and its neighbors. This region-led dialogue was launched in November 2011 to expand practical coordination between Afghanistan and its neighbors and regional partners in facing common threats, including counterterrorism, counternarcotics, poverty, and extremism. The process has 3 pillars, namely, Political Consultation, Confidence Building Measures(CBM), and cooperation with regional organizations. India is the lead country for trade, commerce and investment CBM. The United States and over 20 other nations and organizations serve as "supporting nations" to the process. On 26 April 2013, Almaty, Kazakhstan, hosted the third Ministerial Conference of the Istanbul Process which gathered leaders from Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan,and the United Arab Emirates along with Western countries and international organizations, to discuss mechanisms to support regional cooperation. The April meeting focused on the creation of "Silk Routes Partnership for Migration" to promote further dialogue and cooperation on the issue of migration. The meeting also produced a declaration in support of Afghanistan’s development and the withdrawal of international forces. Kazakhstan’s diplomats supported regional efforts in the areas of counter-terrorism and counter-narcotics trafficking, trade promotion, the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline, the CASA-1000 electricity project, and the expansion of the transit corridors under the Asian Development Bank’s Central Asia Regional Economic Corridor (CAREC) Program. Kazakhstan has helped to fund the Afghan National Security Forces and financed a fifty-million-dollar program to educate Afghan students in Kazakhstan.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)". Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with regional and international organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Regional Cooperation Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries:There are 15 participating countries of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries:Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this process as supporting countries, which includes Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Finland, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America.Regional and International Supporting Organizations:Twelve of the regional and international processes and organizations also participate as supporters of the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially its Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Areas of Cooperation in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process is based on three main areas of cooperation: Political Consultations, Confidence Building Measures, and Cooperation with Regional Organizations.1. Political Consultations:Political consultations are an important step towards building confidence and generating regional consensus and coherence. This is an intrinsic ingredient of regional cooperation to bring the HoA countries and stakeholders together around a set of common regional interests and to foster understanding. An increase in coherent regional political consultations has the potential to strengthen genuine cooperation in the HoA region.The HoA Process has identified regional political consultation as its primary element to bring Afghanistan, its near and extended neighbors around the table. In fact, the Process has generated a new momentum of regional cooperation in the HoA region and made progress in creating a sense of interconnectedness between the region and Afghanistan. 2. Confidence Building Measures(CBMs) and lead countries:Regional cooperation requires the identification of areas of common interests. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has the following seven different CBMs (one under process) in which one or more than one participating country/ies of the process has the lead: a. Counter Terrorism (CT): Led by Afghanistan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. b. Counter Narcotics (CN): Led by Azerbaijan and the Russia. c. Disaster Management (DM): Led by Kazakhstan and Pakistan. d. (CE): Led by Iran. e. (RI): led by Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. f. (TCI): Led by India. g. (AD): decided upon in Azerbaijan 2017 and is under process, Pakistan and Uzbekistan has declared to lead this CBM. These CBMs promote regional dialogue and cooperation within the Heart of Asia region. Each CBM has one or more lead countries that coordinate the activities and keep track of the progress made in each of these areas. Each CBM also has a desk within the Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a designated person acting as a focal point to follow up with the lead, participating and supporting countries and organizations. The Heart of Asia - Istanbul Process was established to provide a platform to discuss regional issues, particularly encouraging security, political, and economic cooperation among Afghanistan and its neighbors. This region-led dialogue was launched in November 2011 to expand practical coordination between Afghanistan and its neighbors and regional partners in facing common threats, including counterterrorism, counternarcotics, poverty, and extremism. The process has 3 pillars, namely, Political Consultation, Confidence Building Measures(CBM), and cooperation with regional organizations. India is the lead country for trade, commerce and investment CBM. The United States and over 20 other nations and organizations serve as "supporting nations" to the process. On 26 April 2013, Almaty, Kazakhstan, hosted the third Ministerial Conference of the Istanbul Process which gathered leaders from Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan,and the United Arab Emirates along with Western countries and international organizations, to discuss mechanisms to support regional cooperation. The April meeting focused on the creation of "Silk Routes Partnership for Migration" to promote further dialogue and cooperation on the issue of migration. The meeting also produced a declaration in support of Afghanistan’s development and the withdrawal of international forces. Kazakhstan’s diplomats supported regional efforts in the areas of counter-terrorism and counter-narcotics trafficking, trade promotion, the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline, the CASA-1000 electricity project, and the expansion of the transit corridors under the Asian Development Bank’s Central Asia Regional Economic Corridor (CAREC) Program. Kazakhstan has helped to fund the Afghan National Security Forces and financed a fifty-million-dollar program to educate Afghan students in Kazakhstan.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)". Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with regional and international organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Regional Cooperation Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries:There are 15 participating countries of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries:Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this process as supporting countries, which includes Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Finland, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America.Regional and International Supporting Organizations:Twelve of the regional and international processes and organizations also participate as supporters of the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially its Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Areas of Cooperation in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process is based on three main areas of cooperation: Political Consultations, Confidence Building Measures, and Cooperation with Regional Organizations. 1. Political Consultations:Political consultations are an important step towards building confidence and generating regional consensus and coherence. This is an intrinsic ingredient of regional cooperation to bring the HoA countries and stakeholders together around a set of common regional interests and to foster understanding. An increase in coherent regional political consultations has the potential to strengthen genuine cooperation in the HoA region.The HoA Process has identified regional political consultation as its primary element to bring Afghanistan, its near and extended neighbors around the table. In fact, the Process has generated a new momentum of regional cooperation in the HoA region and made progress in creating a sense of interconnectedness between the region and Afghanistan. 2. Confidence Building Measures(CBMs) and lead countries:Regional cooperation requires the identification of areas of common interests. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has the following seven different CBMs (one under process) in which one or more than one participating country/ies of the process has the lead: a. Counter Terrorism (CT): Led by Afghanistan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. b. Counter Narcotics (CN): Led by Azerbaijan and the Russia. c. Disaster Management (DM): Led by Kazakhstan and Pakistan. d. (CE): Led by Iran. e. (RI): led by Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. f. (TCI): Led by India. g. (AD): decided upon in Azerbaijan 2017 and is under process, Pakistan and Uzbekistan has declared to lead this CBM. These CBMs promote regional dialogue and cooperation within the Heart of Asia region. Each CBM has one or more lead countries that coordinate the activities and keep track of the progress made in each of these areas. Each CBM also has a desk within the Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a designated person acting as a focal point to follow up with the lead, participating and supporting countries and organizations. 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations:For enhancement of current efforts in the region, the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process works in close cooperation with Regional Organizations. The main aim of this area of cooperation is to create synergy between the regional organizations and supplement each other’s efforts. Decision Making Bodies of the Process:The Heart of Asia Process is comprised of four main decision making authorities: the Ministerial Conferences (MCs) the highest level, the Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs), Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs), and Regional Technical Groups (RTGs). The Heart of Asia - Istanbul Process was established to provide a platform to discuss regional issues, particularly encouraging security, political, and economic cooperation among Afghanistan and its neighbors. This region-led dialogue was launched in November 2011 to expand practical coordination between Afghanistan and its neighbors and regional partners in facing common threats, including counterterrorism, counternarcotics, poverty, and extremism. The process has 3 pillars, namely, Political Consultation, Confidence Building Measures(CBM), and cooperation with regional organizations. India is the lead country for trade, commerce and investment CBM. The United States and over 20 other nations and organizations serve as "supporting nations" to the process. On 26 April 2013, Almaty, Kazakhstan, hosted the third Ministerial Conference of the Istanbul Process which gathered leaders from Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan,and the United Arab Emirates along with Western countries and international organizations, to discuss mechanisms to support regional cooperation. The April meeting focused on the creation of "Silk Routes Partnership for Migration" to promote further dialogue and cooperation on the issue of migration. The meeting also produced a declaration in support of Afghanistan’s development and the withdrawal of international forces. Kazakhstan’s diplomats supported regional efforts in the areas of counter-terrorism and counter-narcotics trafficking, trade promotion, the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline, the CASA-1000 electricity project, and the expansion of the transit corridors under the Asian Development Bank’s Central Asia Regional Economic Corridor (CAREC) Program. Kazakhstan has helped to fund the Afghan National Security Forces and financed a fifty-million-dollar program to educate Afghan students in Kazakhstan.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)". Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with regional and international organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Regional Cooperation Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries:There are 15 participating countries of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries:Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this process as supporting countries, which includes Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Finland, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America.Regional and International Supporting Organizations:Twelve of the regional and international processes and organizations also participate as supporters of the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially its Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Areas of Cooperation in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process is based on three main areas of cooperation: Political Consultations, Confidence Building Measures, and Cooperation with Regional Organizations. 1. Political Consultations:Political consultations are an important step towards building confidence and generating regional consensus and coherence. This is an intrinsic ingredient of regional cooperation to bring the HoA countries and stakeholders together around a set of common regional interests and to foster understanding. An increase in coherent regional political consultations has the potential to strengthen genuine cooperation in the HoA region.The HoA Process has identified regional political consultation as its primary element to bring Afghanistan, its near and extended neighbors around the table. In fact, the Process has generated a new momentum of regional cooperation in the HoA region and made progress in creating a sense of interconnectedness between the region and Afghanistan. 2. Confidence Building Measures(CBMs) and lead countries:Regional cooperation requires the identification of areas of common interests. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has the following seven different CBMs (one under process) in which one or more than one participating country/ies of the process has the lead: a. Counter Terrorism (CT): Led by Afghanistan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. b. Counter Narcotics (CN): Led by Azerbaijan and the Russia. c. Disaster Management (DM): Led by Kazakhstan and Pakistan. d. (CE): Led by Iran. e. (RI): led by Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. f. (TCI): Led by India. g. (AD): decided upon in Azerbaijan 2017 and is under process, Pakistan and Uzbekistan has declared to lead this CBM. These CBMs promote regional dialogue and cooperation within the Heart of Asia region. Each CBM has one or more lead countries that coordinate the activities and keep track of the progress made in each of these areas. Each CBM also has a desk within the Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a designated person acting as a focal point to follow up with the lead, participating and supporting countries and organizations. 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations:For enhancement of current efforts in the region, the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process works in close cooperation with Regional Organizations. The main aim of this area of cooperation is to create synergy between the regional organizations and supplement each other’s efforts. Decision Making Bodies of the Process:The Heart of Asia Process is comprised of four main decision making authorities: the Ministerial Conferences (MCs) the highest level, the Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs), Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs), and Regional Technical Groups (RTGs). 1. Ministerial Conferences (MCs):Ministerial Conferences take place on an annual basis. They are a platform, in which participating and supporting parties comprised of foreign ministers and high-level officials come together to exchange ideas on the progress, the HoA Process has made during the year and discuss ways to tackle challenges that still lie ahead. The participants continue their deliberations throughout the day of the conference. By delivering their statements of support, all parties reaffirm their commitments to the Process during the MC. Further, the co-chair and host of the next MC is officially announced. Another important outcome of the MC is the annual declaration of the HoA Process that is developed by the senior officials prior to the MC. Each declaration highlights a set of priorities that all participating countries agree to follow in the year ahead. These priorities include areas for fostering dialogue, special initiatives and the emphasis on the timely implementation of the CBMs.Following seven Ministerial Conferences of the Heart of Asia-IP have been held so far: a. 2 Nov. 2011: Istanbul, Turkey b. 14 June 2012: Kabul, Afghanistan c. 26 April 2013: Almaty, Kazakhstan d. 31 October 2014: Beijing, China e. 9 December 2015: Islamabad, Pakistan f. 4 December 2016: Amritsar, India g. 1 December 2017: Baku, Azerbaijan h. 9 December 2019: Istanbul, Turkey The Heart of Asia - Istanbul Process was established to provide a platform to discuss regional issues, particularly encouraging security, political, and economic cooperation among Afghanistan and its neighbors. This region-led dialogue was launched in November 2011 to expand practical coordination between Afghanistan and its neighbors and regional partners in facing common threats, including counterterrorism, counternarcotics, poverty, and extremism. The process has 3 pillars, namely, Political Consultation, Confidence Building Measures(CBM), and cooperation with regional organizations. India is the lead country for trade, commerce and investment CBM. The United States and over 20 other nations and organizations serve as "supporting nations" to the process. On 26 April 2013, Almaty, Kazakhstan, hosted the third Ministerial Conference of the Istanbul Process which gathered leaders from Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan,and the United Arab Emirates along with Western countries and international organizations, to discuss mechanisms to support regional cooperation. The April meeting focused on the creation of "Silk Routes Partnership for Migration" to promote further dialogue and cooperation on the issue of migration. The meeting also produced a declaration in support of Afghanistan’s development and the withdrawal of international forces. Kazakhstan’s diplomats supported regional efforts in the areas of counter-terrorism and counter-narcotics trafficking, trade promotion, the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline, the CASA-1000 electricity project, and the expansion of the transit corridors under the Asian Development Bank’s Central Asia Regional Economic Corridor (CAREC) Program. Kazakhstan has helped to fund the Afghan National Security Forces and financed a fifty-million-dollar program to educate Afghan students in Kazakhstan.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)". Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with regional and international organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Regional Cooperation Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries:There are 15 participating countries of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries:Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this process as supporting countries, which includes Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Finland, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America.Regional and International Supporting Organizations:Twelve of the regional and international processes and organizations also participate as supporters of the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially its Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Areas of Cooperation in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process is based on three main areas of cooperation: Political Consultations, Confidence Building Measures, and Cooperation with Regional Organizations. 1. Political Consultations:Political consultations are an important step towards building confidence and generating regional consensus and coherence. This is an intrinsic ingredient of regional cooperation to bring the HoA countries and stakeholders together around a set of common regional interests and to foster understanding. An increase in coherent regional political consultations has the potential to strengthen genuine cooperation in the HoA region.The HoA Process has identified regional political consultation as its primary element to bring Afghanistan, its near and extended neighbors around the table. In fact, the Process has generated a new momentum of regional cooperation in the HoA region and made progress in creating a sense of interconnectedness between the region and Afghanistan. 2. Confidence Building Measures(CBMs) and lead countries:Regional cooperation requires the identification of areas of common interests. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has the following seven different CBMs (one under process) in which one or more than one participating country/ies of the process has the lead: a. Counter Terrorism (CT): Led by Afghanistan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. b. Counter Narcotics (CN): Led by Azerbaijan and the Russia. c. Disaster Management (DM): Led by Kazakhstan and Pakistan. d. (CE): Led by Iran. e. (RI): led by Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. f. (TCI): Led by India. g. (AD): decided upon in Azerbaijan 2017 and is under process, Pakistan and Uzbekistan has declared to lead this CBM. These CBMs promote regional dialogue and cooperation within the Heart of Asia region. Each CBM has one or more lead countries that coordinate the activities and keep track of the progress made in each of these areas. Each CBM also has a desk within the Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a designated person acting as a focal point to follow up with the lead, participating and supporting countries and organizations. 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations:For enhancement of current efforts in the region, the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process works in close cooperation with Regional Organizations. The main aim of this area of cooperation is to create synergy between the regional organizations and supplement each other’s efforts. Decision Making Bodies of the Process:The Heart of Asia Process is comprised of four main decision making authorities: the Ministerial Conferences (MCs) the highest level, the Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs), Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs), and Regional Technical Groups (RTGs). 1. Ministerial Conferences (MCs):Ministerial Conferences take place on an annual basis. They are a platform, in which participating and supporting parties comprised of foreign ministers and high-level officials come together to exchange ideas on the progress, the HoA Process has made during the year and discuss ways to tackle challenges that still lie ahead. The participants continue their deliberations throughout the day of the conference. By delivering their statements of support, all parties reaffirm their commitments to the Process during the MC. Further, the co-chair and host of the next MC is officially announced. Another important outcome of the MC is the annual declaration of the HoA Process that is developed by the senior officials prior to the MC. Each declaration highlights a set of priorities that all participating countries agree to follow in the year ahead. These priorities include areas for fostering dialogue, special initiatives and the emphasis on the timely implementation of the CBMs.Following seven Ministerial Conferences of the Heart of Asia-IP have been held so far: a. 2 Nov. 2011: Istanbul, Turkey b. 14 June 2012: Kabul, Afghanistan c. 26 April 2013: Almaty, Kazakhstan d. 31 October 2014: Beijing, China e. 9 December 2015: Islamabad, Pakistan f. 4 December 2016: Amritsar, India g. 1 December 2017: Baku, Azerbaijan h. 9 December 2019: Istanbul, Turkey Based on the Istanbul Declaration of 2019, the Republic of Tajikistan is the co-chair and host for the 9th eighth Ministerial Conference of the Heart of Asia in 2020. Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs):Senior Official Meetings are held as deemed necessary. Usually, three to four SOMs take place each year. The first SOM of the year sets the theme. The other two SOMs are held to continue political consultations, review the progress of the CBMs and to finalize the ministerial declaration. Political consultations on regional issues within the HoA process takes place during Senior Officials Meetings. SOMs directly influence and shape the discourse and agenda of the MC, and have decision-making authority. SOMs also serve as an important platform, where participating countries, supporting countries and regional and international organizations engage with one another. 3. Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs):Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs) are mostly held in Kabul. They are held on an ad hoc basis, as the Permanent Chair deems necessary. They serve as an initial consultation to highlight a set of issues that are either of particular significance or require urgent attention. AMs are held in order to have an initial discussion with the participating countries before taking on the issue to the Senior Officials level. AMs are also held to do some initial work on behalf of Senior Officials on a particular issue dealing with any of the six CBMs. 4. Regional Technical Group Meetings (RTGs):At the Regional Technical Group Meetings, technical delegates or experts of the HoA region come together to discuss important measures needed for the successful implementation of the CBMs. According to Article 25 of the Beijing Declaration, the lead countries of the CBMs should convene at least two RTGs each year. One RTG Meeting is supposed to take place within two months of each MC and the second no later than four months prior to the following MC. At the first RTG Meeting of the year, the activities for the coming year are identified and prioritized. The second RTG Meeting of the year serves to review progress. Achievements:Since its establishment, the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process has demonstrated its ability to bolster consensus on the political, security, and economic fronts amongst the Heart of Asia participating countries and supporting organizations. The element of political consultations, through the Ministerial Conferences, Senior Officials Meetings, and Ambassadorial Meetings, has been dynamic, inclusive, and productive. However, this element requires further invigoration to become more results-oriented by addressing the obstacles to the political, security, and economic cooperation.The six thematic Confidence Building Measures are major areas that offer the potential to address some of the entrenched issues that Afghanistan and the Heart of Asia Region face. In order to eliminate these obstacles, there needs to be an effective implementation of all CBMs. Effective implementations require an understanding of the dynamics and purpose of each CBM, which is why the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan recently revised the implementation plans of all six CBMs. The new implementation plans are more focused towards specific activities that the lead countries of each CBM must carry out for better cooperation in the region. It is important to note that the Regional Technical Group Meetings aim to strengthen cooperation in each CBM’s thematic area and work towards implementation of activities set in the implementation plans.Lastly, cooperation with regional organizations remains vital to the success of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process. Simultaneously, the HoA-IP can offer to serve as a focal point connecting preeminent regional organizations with each other. Furthermore, the Process can also complement the work of these regional organizations and be a platform for synergy between the regional organizations.The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has achieved a great deal in the past 8 years, since its establishment. Through the three elements, political consultations, confidence building measures, and cooperation with regional organizations, the Process has served as a platform bringing countries in the Heart of Asia Region together to jointly address common challenges and realize shared interests. The Heart of Asia - Istanbul Process was established to provide a platform to discuss regional issues, particularly encouraging security, political, and economic cooperation among Afghanistan and its neighbors. This region-led dialogue was launched in November 2011 to expand practical coordination between Afghanistan and its neighbors and regional partners in facing common threats, including counterterrorism, counternarcotics, poverty, and extremism. The process has 3 pillars, namely, Political Consultation, Confidence Building Measures(CBM), and cooperation with regional organizations. India is the lead country for trade, commerce and investment CBM. The United States and over 20 other nations and organizations serve as "supporting nations" to the process. On 26 April 2013, Almaty, Kazakhstan, hosted the third Ministerial Conference of the Istanbul Process which gathered leaders from Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan,and the United Arab Emirates along with Western countries and international organizations, to discuss mechanisms to support regional cooperation. The April meeting focused on the creation of "Silk Routes Partnership for Migration" to promote further dialogue and cooperation on the issue of migration. The meeting also produced a declaration in support of Afghanistan’s development and the withdrawal of international forces. Kazakhstan’s diplomats supported regional efforts in the areas of counter-terrorism and counter-narcotics trafficking, trade promotion, the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline, the CASA-1000 electricity project, and the expansion of the transit corridors under the Asian Development Bank’s Central Asia Regional Economic Corridor (CAREC) Program. Kazakhstan has helped to fund the Afghan National Security Forces and financed a fifty-million-dollar program to educate Afghan students in Kazakhstan.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)". Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with regional and international organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Regional Cooperation Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries:There are 15 participating countries of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries:Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this process as supporting countries, which includes Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Finland, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America.Regional and International Supporting Organizations:Twelve of the regional and international processes and organizations also participate as supporters of the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially its Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Areas of Cooperation in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process is based on three main areas of cooperation: Political Consultations, Confidence Building Measures, and Cooperation with Regional Organizations. 1. Political Consultations:Political consultations are an important step towards building confidence and generating regional consensus and coherence. This is an intrinsic ingredient of regional cooperation to bring the HoA countries and stakeholders together around a set of common regional interests and to foster understanding. An increase in coherent regional political consultations has the potential to strengthen genuine cooperation in the HoA region.The HoA Process has identified regional political consultation as its primary element to bring Afghanistan, its near and extended neighbors around the table. In fact, the Process has generated a new momentum of regional cooperation in the HoA region and made progress in creating a sense of interconnectedness between the region and Afghanistan. 2. Confidence Building Measures(CBMs) and lead countries:Regional cooperation requires the identification of areas of common interests. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has the following seven different CBMs (one under process) in which one or more than one participating country/ies of the process has the lead: a. Counter Terrorism (CT): Led by Afghanistan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. b. Counter Narcotics (CN): Led by Azerbaijan and the Russia. c. Disaster Management (DM): Led by Kazakhstan and Pakistan. d. (CE): Led by Iran. e. (RI): led by Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. f. (TCI): Led by India. g. (AD): decided upon in Azerbaijan 2017 and is under process, Pakistan and Uzbekistan has declared to lead this CBM. These CBMs promote regional dialogue and cooperation within the Heart of Asia region. Each CBM has one or more lead countries that coordinate the activities and keep track of the progress made in each of these areas. Each CBM also has a desk within the Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a designated person acting as a focal point to follow up with the lead, participating and supporting countries and organizations. 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations:For enhancement of current efforts in the region, the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process works in close cooperation with Regional Organizations. The main aim of this area of cooperation is to create synergy between the regional organizations and supplement each other’s efforts. Decision Making Bodies of the Process:The Heart of Asia Process is comprised of four main decision making authorities: the Ministerial Conferences (MCs) the highest level, the Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs), Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs), and Regional Technical Groups (RTGs). 1. Ministerial Conferences (MCs):Ministerial Conferences take place on an annual basis. They are a platform, in which participating and supporting parties comprised of foreign ministers and high-level officials come together to exchange ideas on the progress, the HoA Process has made during the year and discuss ways to tackle challenges that still lie ahead. The participants continue their deliberations throughout the day of the conference. By delivering their statements of support, all parties reaffirm their commitments to the Process during the MC. Further, the co-chair and host of the next MC is officially announced. Another important outcome of the MC is the annual declaration of the HoA Process that is developed by the senior officials prior to the MC. Each declaration highlights a set of priorities that all participating countries agree to follow in the year ahead. These priorities include areas for fostering dialogue, special initiatives and the emphasis on the timely implementation of the CBMs.Following seven Ministerial Conferences of the Heart of Asia-IP have been held so far: a. 2 Nov. 2011: Istanbul, Turkey b. 14 June 2012: Kabul, Afghanistan c. 26 April 2013: Almaty, Kazakhstan d. 31 October 2014: Beijing, China e. 9 December 2015: Islamabad, Pakistan f. 4 December 2016: Amritsar, India g. 1 December 2017: Baku, Azerbaijan h. 9 December 2019: Istanbul, Turkey Based on the Istanbul Declaration of 2019, the Republic of Tajikistan is the co-chair and host for the 9th eighth Ministerial Conference of the Heart of Asia in 2020. Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs):Senior Official Meetings are held as deemed necessary. Usually, three to four SOMs take place each year. The first SOM of the year sets the theme. The other two SOMs are held to continue political consultations, review the progress of the CBMs and to finalize the ministerial declaration. Political consultations on regional issues within the HoA process takes place during Senior Officials Meetings. SOMs directly influence and shape the discourse and agenda of the MC, and have decision-making authority. SOMs also serve as an important platform, where participating countries, supporting countries and regional and international organizations engage with one another. 3. Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs):Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs) are mostly held in Kabul. They are held on an ad hoc basis, as the Permanent Chair deems necessary. They serve as an initial consultation to highlight a set of issues that are either of particular significance or require urgent attention. AMs are held in order to have an initial discussion with the participating countries before taking on the issue to the Senior Officials level. AMs are also held to do some initial work on behalf of Senior Officials on a particular issue dealing with any of the six CBMs. 4. Regional Technical Group Meetings (RTGs):At the Regional Technical Group Meetings, technical delegates or experts of the HoA region come together to discuss important measures needed for the successful implementation of the CBMs. According to Article 25 of the Beijing Declaration, the lead countries of the CBMs should convene at least two RTGs each year. One RTG Meeting is supposed to take place within two months of each MC and the second no later than four months prior to the following MC. At the first RTG Meeting of the year, the activities for the coming year are identified and prioritized. The second RTG Meeting of the year serves to review progress. Achievements:Since its establishment, the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process has demonstrated its ability to bolster consensus on the political, security, and economic fronts amongst the Heart of Asia participating countries and supporting organizations. The element of political consultations, through the Ministerial Conferences, Senior Officials Meetings, and Ambassadorial Meetings, has been dynamic, inclusive, and productive. However, this element requires further invigoration to become more results-oriented by addressing the obstacles to the political, security, and economic cooperation.The six thematic Confidence Building Measures are major areas that offer the potential to address some of the entrenched issues that Afghanistan and the Heart of Asia Region face. In order to eliminate these obstacles, there needs to be an effective implementation of all CBMs. Effective implementations require an understanding of the dynamics and purpose of each CBM, which is why the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan recently revised the implementation plans of all six CBMs. The new implementation plans are more focused towards specific activities that the lead countries of each CBM must carry out for better cooperation in the region. It is important to note that the Regional Technical Group Meetings aim to strengthen cooperation in each CBM’s thematic area and work towards implementation of activities set in the implementation plans.Lastly, cooperation with regional organizations remains vital to the success of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process. Simultaneously, the HoA-IP can offer to serve as a focal point connecting preeminent regional organizations with each other. Furthermore, the Process can also complement the work of these regional organizations and be a platform for synergy between the regional organizations.The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has achieved a great deal in the past 8 years, since its establishment. Through the three elements, political consultations, confidence building measures, and cooperation with regional organizations, the Process has served as a platform bringing countries in the Heart of Asia Region together to jointly address common challenges and realize shared interests.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)". Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with regional and international organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Regional Cooperation Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries:There are 15 participating countries of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries:Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this process as supporting countries, which includes Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Finland, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America.Regional and International Supporting Organizations:Twelve of the regional and international processes and organizations also participate as supporters of the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially its Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Areas of Cooperation in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process is based on three main areas of cooperation: Political Consultations, Confidence Building Measures, and Cooperation with Regional Organizations. 1. Political Consultations:Political consultations are an important step towards building confidence and generating regional consensus and coherence. This is an intrinsic ingredient of regional cooperation to bring the HoA countries and stakeholders together around a set of common regional interests and to foster understanding. An increase in coherent regional political consultations has the potential to strengthen genuine cooperation in the HoA region.The HoA Process has identified regional political consultation as its primary element to bring Afghanistan, its near and extended neighbors around the table. In fact, the Process has generated a new momentum of regional cooperation in the HoA region and made progress in creating a sense of interconnectedness between the region and Afghanistan. 2. Confidence Building Measures(CBMs) and lead countries:Regional cooperation requires the identification of areas of common interests. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has the following seven different CBMs (one under process) in which one or more than one participating country/ies of the process has the lead: a. Counter Terrorism (CT): Led by Afghanistan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. b. Counter Narcotics (CN): Led by Azerbaijan and the Russia. c. Disaster Management (DM): Led by Kazakhstan and Pakistan. d. (CE): Led by Iran. e. (RI): led by Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. f. (TCI): Led by India. g. (AD): decided upon in Azerbaijan 2017 and is under process, Pakistan and Uzbekistan has declared to lead this CBM. These CBMs promote regional dialogue and cooperation within the Heart of Asia region. Each CBM has one or more lead countries that coordinate the activities and keep track of the progress made in each of these areas. Each CBM also has a desk within the Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a designated person acting as a focal point to follow up with the lead, participating and supporting countries and organizations. 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations:For enhancement of current efforts in the region, the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process works in close cooperation with Regional Organizations. The main aim of this area of cooperation is to create synergy between the regional organizations and supplement each other’s efforts. Decision Making Bodies of the Process:The Heart of Asia Process consists of four main decision making authorities: the Ministerial Conferences (MCs) the highest level, the Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs), Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs), and Regional Technical Groups (RTGs). 1. Ministerial Conferences (MCs):Ministerial Conferences take place on an annual basis. They are a platform, in which participating and supporting parties composed of foreign ministers and high-level officials come together to exchange ideas on the progress, the HoA Process has made during the year and discuss ways to tackle challenges that still lie ahead. The participants continue their deliberations throughout the day of the conference. By delivering their statements of support, all parties reaffirm their commitments to the Process during the MC. Further, the co-chair and host of the next MC is officially announced. Another important outcome of the MC is the annual declaration of the HoA Process that is developed by the senior officials prior to the MC. Each declaration highlights a set of priorities that all participating countries agree to follow in the year ahead. These priorities include areas for fostering dialogue, special initiatives and the emphasis on the timely implementation of the CBMs.Following seven Ministerial Conferences of the Heart of Asia-IP have been held so far: a. 2 Nov. 2011: Istanbul, Turkey b. 14 June 2012: Kabul, Afghanistan c. 26 April 2013: Almaty, Kazakhstan d. 31 October 2014: Beijing, China e. 9 December 2015: Islamabad, Pakistan f. 4 December 2016: Amritsar, India g. 1 December 2017: Baku, Azerbaijan h. 9 December 2019: Istanbul, Turkey Based on the Istanbul Declaration of 2019, the Republic of Tajikistan is the co-chair and host for the 9th eighth Ministerial Conference of the Heart of Asia in 2020. Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs):Senior Official Meetings are held as deemed necessary. Usually, three to four SOMs take place each year. The first SOM of the year sets the theme. The other two SOMs are held to continue political consultations, review the progress of the CBMs and to finalize the ministerial declaration. Political consultations on regional issues within the HoA process takes place during Senior Officials Meetings. SOMs directly influence and shape the discourse and agenda of the MC, and have decision-making authority. SOMs also serve as an important platform, where participating countries, supporting countries and regional and international organizations engage with one another. 3. Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs):Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs) are mostly held in Kabul. They are held on an ad hoc basis, as the Permanent Chair deems necessary. They serve as an initial consultation to highlight a set of issues that are either of particular significance or require urgent attention. AMs are held in order to have an initial discussion with the participating countries before taking on the issue to the Senior Officials level. AMs are also held to do some initial work on behalf of Senior Officials on a particular issue dealing with any of the six CBMs. 4. Regional Technical Group Meetings (RTGs):At the Regional Technical Group Meetings, technical delegates or experts of the HoA region come together to discuss important measures needed for the successful implementation of the CBMs. According to Article 25 of the Beijing Declaration, the lead countries of the CBMs should convene at least two RTGs each year. One RTG Meeting is supposed to take place within two months of each MC and the second no later than four months prior to the following MC. At the first RTG Meeting of the year, the activities for the coming year are identified and prioritized. The second RTG Meeting of the year serves to review progress. Achievements:Since its establishment, the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process has demonstrated its ability to bolster consensus on the political, security, and economic fronts amongst the Heart of Asia participating countries and supporting organizations. The element of political consultations, through the Ministerial Conferences, Senior Officials Meetings, and Ambassadorial Meetings, has been dynamic, inclusive, and productive. However, this element requires further invigoration to become more results-oriented by addressing the obstacles to the political, security, and economic cooperation.The six thematic Confidence Building Measures are major areas that offer the potential to address some of the entrenched issues that Afghanistan and the Heart of Asia Region face. In order to eliminate these obstacles, there needs to be an effective implementation of all CBMs. Effective implementations require an understanding of the dynamics and purpose of each CBM, which is why the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan recently revised the implementation plans of all six CBMs. The new implementation plans are more focused towards specific activities that the lead countries of each CBM must carry out for better cooperation in the region. It is important to note that the Regional Technical Group Meetings aim to strengthen cooperation in each CBM’s thematic area and work towards implementation of activities set in the implementation plans.Lastly, cooperation with regional organizations remains vital to the success of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process. Simultaneously, the HoA-IP can offer to serve as a focal point connecting preeminent regional organizations with each other. Furthermore, the Process can also complement the work of these regional organizations and be a platform for synergy between the regional organizations.The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has achieved a great deal in the past 8 years, since its establishment. Through the three elements, political consultations, confidence building measures, and cooperation with regional organizations, the Process has served as a platform bringing countries in the Heart of Asia Region together to jointly address common challenges and realize shared interests.
  • '''Information about the “Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process”'''' Date of Establishment: 2 November 2011 ''''Introduction:'''' The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). ''''Goals of the Process:'''' The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region. The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state-groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas: 1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations ''''De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:'''' The Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries: There are 15 Participating Countries in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which are Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)". Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with regional and international organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Regional Cooperation Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries:There are 15 participating countries of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries:Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this process as supporting countries, which includes Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Finland, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America.Regional and International Supporting Organizations:Twelve of the regional and international processes and organizations also participate as supporters of the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially its Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Areas of Cooperation in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process is based on three main areas of cooperation: Political Consultations, Confidence Building Measures, and Cooperation with Regional Organizations. 1. Political Consultations:Political consultations are an important step towards building confidence and generating regional consensus and coherence. This is an intrinsic ingredient of regional cooperation to bring the HoA countries and stakeholders together around a set of common regional interests and to foster understanding. An increase in coherent regional political consultations has the potential to strengthen genuine cooperation in the HoA region.The HoA Process has identified regional political consultation as its primary element to bring Afghanistan, its near and extended neighbors around the table. In fact, the Process has generated a new momentum of regional cooperation in the HoA region and made progress in creating a sense of interconnectedness between the region and Afghanistan. 2. Confidence Building Measures(CBMs) and lead countries:Regional cooperation requires the identification of areas of common interests. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has the following seven different CBMs (one under process) in which one or more than one participating country/ies of the process has the lead: a. Counter Terrorism (CT): Led by Afghanistan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. b. Counter Narcotics (CN): Led by Azerbaijan and the Russia. c. Disaster Management (DM): Led by Kazakhstan and Pakistan. d. (CE): Led by Iran. e. (RI): led by Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. f. (TCI): Led by India. g. (AD): decided upon in Azerbaijan 2017 and is under process, Pakistan and Uzbekistan has declared to lead this CBM. These CBMs promote regional dialogue and cooperation within the Heart of Asia region. Each CBM has one or more lead countries that coordinate the activities and keep track of the progress made in each of these areas. Each CBM also has a desk within the Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a designated person acting as a focal point to follow up with the lead, participating and supporting countries and organizations. 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations:For enhancement of current efforts in the region, the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process works in close cooperation with Regional Organizations. The main aim of this area of cooperation is to create synergy between the regional organizations and supplement each other’s efforts. Decision Making Bodies of the Process:The Heart of Asia Process consists of four main decision making authorities: the Ministerial Conferences (MCs) the highest level, the Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs), Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs), and Regional Technical Groups (RTGs). 1. Ministerial Conferences (MCs):Ministerial Conferences take place on an annual basis. They are a platform, in which participating and supporting parties composed of foreign ministers and high-level officials come together to exchange ideas on the progress, the HoA Process has made during the year and discuss ways to tackle challenges that still lie ahead. The participants continue their deliberations throughout the day of the conference. By delivering their statements of support, all parties reaffirm their commitments to the Process during the MC. Further, the co-chair and host of the next MC is officially announced. Another important outcome of the MC is the annual declaration of the HoA Process that is developed by the senior officials prior to the MC. Each declaration highlights a set of priorities that all participating countries agree to follow in the year ahead. These priorities include areas for fostering dialogue, special initiatives and the emphasis on the timely implementation of the CBMs.Following seven Ministerial Conferences of the Heart of Asia-IP have been held so far: a. 2 Nov. 2011: Istanbul, Turkey b. 14 June 2012: Kabul, Afghanistan c. 26 April 2013: Almaty, Kazakhstan d. 31 October 2014: Beijing, China e. 9 December 2015: Islamabad, Pakistan f. 4 December 2016: Amritsar, India g. 1 December 2017: Baku, Azerbaijan h. 9 December 2019: Istanbul, Turkey Based on the Istanbul Declaration of 2019, the Republic of Tajikistan is the co-chair and host for the 9th eighth Ministerial Conference of the Heart of Asia in 2020. Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs):Senior Official Meetings are held as deemed necessary. Usually, three to four SOMs take place each year. The first SOM of the year sets the theme. The other two SOMs are held to continue political consultations, review the progress of the CBMs and to finalize the ministerial declaration. Political consultations on regional issues within the HoA process takes place during Senior Officials Meetings. SOMs directly influence and shape the discourse and agenda of the MC, and have decision-making authority. SOMs also serve as an important platform, where participating countries, supporting countries and regional and international organizations engage with one another. 3. Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs):Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs) are mostly held in Kabul. They are held on an ad hoc basis, as the Permanent Chair deems necessary. They serve as an initial consultation to highlight a set of issues that are either of particular significance or require urgent attention. AMs are held in order to have an initial discussion with the participating countries before taking on the issue to the Senior Officials level. AMs are also held to do some initial work on behalf of Senior Officials on a particular issue dealing with any of the six CBMs. 4. Regional Technical Group Meetings (RTGs):At the Regional Technical Group Meetings, technical delegates or experts of the HoA region come together to discuss important measures needed for the successful implementation of the CBMs. According to Article 25 of the Beijing Declaration, the lead countries of the CBMs should convene at least two RTGs each year. One RTG Meeting is supposed to take place within two months of each MC and the second no later than four months prior to the following MC. At the first RTG Meeting of the year, the activities for the coming year are identified and prioritized. The second RTG Meeting of the year serves to review progress. Achievements:Since its establishment, the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process has demonstrated its ability to bolster consensus on the political, security, and economic fronts amongst the Heart of Asia participating countries and supporting organizations. The element of political consultations, through the Ministerial Conferences, Senior Officials Meetings, and Ambassadorial Meetings, has been dynamic, inclusive, and productive. However, this element requires further invigoration to become more results-oriented by addressing the obstacles to the political, security, and economic cooperation.The six thematic Confidence Building Measures are major areas that offer the potential to address some of the entrenched issues that Afghanistan and the Heart of Asia Region face. In order to eliminate these obstacles, there needs to be an effective implementation of all CBMs. Effective implementations require an understanding of the dynamics and purpose of each CBM, which is why the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan recently revised the implementation plans of all six CBMs. The new implementation plans are more focused towards specific activities that the lead countries of each CBM must carry out for better cooperation in the region. It is important to note that the Regional Technical Group Meetings aim to strengthen cooperation in each CBM’s thematic area and work towards implementation of activities set in the implementation plans.Lastly, cooperation with regional organizations remains vital to the success of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process. Simultaneously, the HoA-IP can offer to serve as a focal point connecting preeminent regional organizations with each other. Furthermore, the Process can also complement the work of these regional organizations and be a platform for synergy between the regional organizations.The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has achieved a great deal in the past 8 years, since its establishment. Through the three elements, political consultations, confidence building measures, and cooperation with regional organizations, the Process has served as a platform bringing countries in the Heart of Asia Region together to jointly address common challenges and realize shared interests.
  • ''' Information about the “Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process” '''' Date of Establishment: 2 November 2011 ''''Introduction:'''' The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). ''''Goals of the Process:'''' The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region. The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state-groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas: 1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations ''''De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:'''' The Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries: There are 15 Participating Countries in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which are Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)". Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with regional and international organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Regional Cooperation Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries:There are 15 participating countries of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries:Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this process as supporting countries, which includes Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Finland, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America.Regional and International Supporting Organizations:Twelve of the regional and international processes and organizations also participate as supporters of the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially its Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Areas of Cooperation in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process is based on three main areas of cooperation: Political Consultations, Confidence Building Measures, and Cooperation with Regional Organizations. 1. Political Consultations:Political consultations are an important step towards building confidence and generating regional consensus and coherence. This is an intrinsic ingredient of regional cooperation to bring the HoA countries and stakeholders together around a set of common regional interests and to foster understanding. An increase in coherent regional political consultations has the potential to strengthen genuine cooperation in the HoA region.The HoA Process has identified regional political consultation as its primary element to bring Afghanistan, its near and extended neighbors around the table. In fact, the Process has generated a new momentum of regional cooperation in the HoA region and made progress in creating a sense of interconnectedness between the region and Afghanistan. 2. Confidence Building Measures(CBMs) and lead countries:Regional cooperation requires the identification of areas of common interests. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has the following seven different CBMs (one under process) in which one or more than one participating country/ies of the process has the lead: a. Counter Terrorism (CT): Led by Afghanistan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. b. Counter Narcotics (CN): Led by Azerbaijan and the Russia. c. Disaster Management (DM): Led by Kazakhstan and Pakistan. d. (CE): Led by Iran. e. (RI): led by Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. f. (TCI): Led by India. g. (AD): decided upon in Azerbaijan 2017 and is under process, Pakistan and Uzbekistan has declared to lead this CBM. These CBMs promote regional dialogue and cooperation within the Heart of Asia region. Each CBM has one or more lead countries that coordinate the activities and keep track of the progress made in each of these areas. Each CBM also has a desk within the Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a designated person acting as a focal point to follow up with the lead, participating and supporting countries and organizations. 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations:For enhancement of current efforts in the region, the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process works in close cooperation with Regional Organizations. The main aim of this area of cooperation is to create synergy between the regional organizations and supplement each other’s efforts. Decision Making Bodies of the Process:The Heart of Asia Process consists of four main decision making authorities: the Ministerial Conferences (MCs) the highest level, the Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs), Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs), and Regional Technical Groups (RTGs). 1. Ministerial Conferences (MCs):Ministerial Conferences take place on an annual basis. They are a platform, in which participating and supporting parties composed of foreign ministers and high-level officials come together to exchange ideas on the progress, the HoA Process has made during the year and discuss ways to tackle challenges that still lie ahead. The participants continue their deliberations throughout the day of the conference. By delivering their statements of support, all parties reaffirm their commitments to the Process during the MC. Further, the co-chair and host of the next MC is officially announced. Another important outcome of the MC is the annual declaration of the HoA Process that is developed by the senior officials prior to the MC. Each declaration highlights a set of priorities that all participating countries agree to follow in the year ahead. These priorities include areas for fostering dialogue, special initiatives and the emphasis on the timely implementation of the CBMs.Following seven Ministerial Conferences of the Heart of Asia-IP have been held so far: a. 2 Nov. 2011: Istanbul, Turkey b. 14 June 2012: Kabul, Afghanistan c. 26 April 2013: Almaty, Kazakhstan d. 31 October 2014: Beijing, China e. 9 December 2015: Islamabad, Pakistan f. 4 December 2016: Amritsar, India g. 1 December 2017: Baku, Azerbaijan h. 9 December 2019: Istanbul, Turkey Based on the Istanbul Declaration of 2019, the Republic of Tajikistan is the co-chair and host for the 9th eighth Ministerial Conference of the Heart of Asia in 2020. Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs):Senior Official Meetings are held as deemed necessary. Usually, three to four SOMs take place each year. The first SOM of the year sets the theme. The other two SOMs are held to continue political consultations, review the progress of the CBMs and to finalize the ministerial declaration. Political consultations on regional issues within the HoA process takes place during Senior Officials Meetings. SOMs directly influence and shape the discourse and agenda of the MC, and have decision-making authority. SOMs also serve as an important platform, where participating countries, supporting countries and regional and international organizations engage with one another. 3. Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs):Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs) are mostly held in Kabul. They are held on an ad hoc basis, as the Permanent Chair deems necessary. They serve as an initial consultation to highlight a set of issues that are either of particular significance or require urgent attention. AMs are held in order to have an initial discussion with the participating countries before taking on the issue to the Senior Officials level. AMs are also held to do some initial work on behalf of Senior Officials on a particular issue dealing with any of the six CBMs. 4. Regional Technical Group Meetings (RTGs):At the Regional Technical Group Meetings, technical delegates or experts of the HoA region come together to discuss important measures needed for the successful implementation of the CBMs. According to Article 25 of the Beijing Declaration, the lead countries of the CBMs should convene at least two RTGs each year. One RTG Meeting is supposed to take place within two months of each MC and the second no later than four months prior to the following MC. At the first RTG Meeting of the year, the activities for the coming year are identified and prioritized. The second RTG Meeting of the year serves to review progress. Achievements:Since its establishment, the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process has demonstrated its ability to bolster consensus on the political, security, and economic fronts amongst the Heart of Asia participating countries and supporting organizations. The element of political consultations, through the Ministerial Conferences, Senior Officials Meetings, and Ambassadorial Meetings, has been dynamic, inclusive, and productive. However, this element requires further invigoration to become more results-oriented by addressing the obstacles to the political, security, and economic cooperation.The six thematic Confidence Building Measures are major areas that offer the potential to address some of the entrenched issues that Afghanistan and the Heart of Asia Region face. In order to eliminate these obstacles, there needs to be an effective implementation of all CBMs. Effective implementations require an understanding of the dynamics and purpose of each CBM, which is why the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan recently revised the implementation plans of all six CBMs. The new implementation plans are more focused towards specific activities that the lead countries of each CBM must carry out for better cooperation in the region. It is important to note that the Regional Technical Group Meetings aim to strengthen cooperation in each CBM’s thematic area and work towards implementation of activities set in the implementation plans.Lastly, cooperation with regional organizations remains vital to the success of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process. Simultaneously, the HoA-IP can offer to serve as a focal point connecting preeminent regional organizations with each other. Furthermore, the Process can also complement the work of these regional organizations and be a platform for synergy between the regional organizations.The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has achieved a great deal in the past 8 years, since its establishment. Through the three elements, political consultations, confidence building measures, and cooperation with regional organizations, the Process has served as a platform bringing countries in the Heart of Asia Region together to jointly address common challenges and realize shared interests.
  • Information about the “Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process” Date of Establishment: 2 November 2011 Introduction: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs).
  • Information about the “Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process” Date of Establishment: 2 November 2011 Introduction: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). Goals of the Process: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region. The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state-groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas: 1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations ''''De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:'''' The Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries: There are 15 Participating Countries in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which are Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)". Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with regional and international organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Regional Cooperation Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries:There are 15 participating countries of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries:Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this process as supporting countries, which includes Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Finland, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America.Regional and International Supporting Organizations:Twelve of the regional and international processes and organizations also participate as supporters of the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially its Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Areas of Cooperation in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process is based on three main areas of cooperation: Political Consultations, Confidence Building Measures, and Cooperation with Regional Organizations. 1. Political Consultations:Political consultations are an important step towards building confidence and generating regional consensus and coherence. This is an intrinsic ingredient of regional cooperation to bring the HoA countries and stakeholders together around a set of common regional interests and to foster understanding. An increase in coherent regional political consultations has the potential to strengthen genuine cooperation in the HoA region.The HoA Process has identified regional political consultation as its primary element to bring Afghanistan, its near and extended neighbors around the table. In fact, the Process has generated a new momentum of regional cooperation in the HoA region and made progress in creating a sense of interconnectedness between the region and Afghanistan. 2. Confidence Building Measures(CBMs) and lead countries:Regional cooperation requires the identification of areas of common interests. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has the following seven different CBMs (one under process) in which one or more than one participating country/ies of the process has the lead: a. Counter Terrorism (CT): Led by Afghanistan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. b. Counter Narcotics (CN): Led by Azerbaijan and the Russia. c. Disaster Management (DM): Led by Kazakhstan and Pakistan. d. (CE): Led by Iran. e. (RI): led by Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. f. (TCI): Led by India. g. (AD): decided upon in Azerbaijan 2017 and is under process, Pakistan and Uzbekistan has declared to lead this CBM. These CBMs promote regional dialogue and cooperation within the Heart of Asia region. Each CBM has one or more lead countries that coordinate the activities and keep track of the progress made in each of these areas. Each CBM also has a desk within the Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a designated person acting as a focal point to follow up with the lead, participating and supporting countries and organizations. 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations:For enhancement of current efforts in the region, the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process works in close cooperation with Regional Organizations. The main aim of this area of cooperation is to create synergy between the regional organizations and supplement each other’s efforts. Decision Making Bodies of the Process:The Heart of Asia Process consists of four main decision making authorities: the Ministerial Conferences (MCs) the highest level, the Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs), Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs), and Regional Technical Groups (RTGs). 1. Ministerial Conferences (MCs):Ministerial Conferences take place on an annual basis. They are a platform, in which participating and supporting parties composed of foreign ministers and high-level officials come together to exchange ideas on the progress, the HoA Process has made during the year and discuss ways to tackle challenges that still lie ahead. The participants continue their deliberations throughout the day of the conference. By delivering their statements of support, all parties reaffirm their commitments to the Process during the MC. Further, the co-chair and host of the next MC is officially announced. Another important outcome of the MC is the annual declaration of the HoA Process that is developed by the senior officials prior to the MC. Each declaration highlights a set of priorities that all participating countries agree to follow in the year ahead. These priorities include areas for fostering dialogue, special initiatives and the emphasis on the timely implementation of the CBMs.Following seven Ministerial Conferences of the Heart of Asia-IP have been held so far: a. 2 Nov. 2011: Istanbul, Turkey b. 14 June 2012: Kabul, Afghanistan c. 26 April 2013: Almaty, Kazakhstan d. 31 October 2014: Beijing, China e. 9 December 2015: Islamabad, Pakistan f. 4 December 2016: Amritsar, India g. 1 December 2017: Baku, Azerbaijan h. 9 December 2019: Istanbul, Turkey Based on the Istanbul Declaration of 2019, the Republic of Tajikistan is the co-chair and host for the 9th eighth Ministerial Conference of the Heart of Asia in 2020. Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs):Senior Official Meetings are held as deemed necessary. Usually, three to four SOMs take place each year. The first SOM of the year sets the theme. The other two SOMs are held to continue political consultations, review the progress of the CBMs and to finalize the ministerial declaration. Political consultations on regional issues within the HoA process takes place during Senior Officials Meetings. SOMs directly influence and shape the discourse and agenda of the MC, and have decision-making authority. SOMs also serve as an important platform, where participating countries, supporting countries and regional and international organizations engage with one another. 3. Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs):Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs) are mostly held in Kabul. They are held on an ad hoc basis, as the Permanent Chair deems necessary. They serve as an initial consultation to highlight a set of issues that are either of particular significance or require urgent attention. AMs are held in order to have an initial discussion with the participating countries before taking on the issue to the Senior Officials level. AMs are also held to do some initial work on behalf of Senior Officials on a particular issue dealing with any of the six CBMs. 4. Regional Technical Group Meetings (RTGs):At the Regional Technical Group Meetings, technical delegates or experts of the HoA region come together to discuss important measures needed for the successful implementation of the CBMs. According to Article 25 of the Beijing Declaration, the lead countries of the CBMs should convene at least two RTGs each year. One RTG Meeting is supposed to take place within two months of each MC and the second no later than four months prior to the following MC. At the first RTG Meeting of the year, the activities for the coming year are identified and prioritized. The second RTG Meeting of the year serves to review progress. Achievements:Since its establishment, the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process has demonstrated its ability to bolster consensus on the political, security, and economic fronts amongst the Heart of Asia participating countries and supporting organizations. The element of political consultations, through the Ministerial Conferences, Senior Officials Meetings, and Ambassadorial Meetings, has been dynamic, inclusive, and productive. However, this element requires further invigoration to become more results-oriented by addressing the obstacles to the political, security, and economic cooperation.The six thematic Confidence Building Measures are major areas that offer the potential to address some of the entrenched issues that Afghanistan and the Heart of Asia Region face. In order to eliminate these obstacles, there needs to be an effective implementation of all CBMs. Effective implementations require an understanding of the dynamics and purpose of each CBM, which is why the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan recently revised the implementation plans of all six CBMs. The new implementation plans are more focused towards specific activities that the lead countries of each CBM must carry out for better cooperation in the region. It is important to note that the Regional Technical Group Meetings aim to strengthen cooperation in each CBM’s thematic area and work towards implementation of activities set in the implementation plans.Lastly, cooperation with regional organizations remains vital to the success of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process. Simultaneously, the HoA-IP can offer to serve as a focal point connecting preeminent regional organizations with each other. Furthermore, the Process can also complement the work of these regional organizations and be a platform for synergy between the regional organizations.The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has achieved a great deal in the past 8 years, since its establishment. Through the three elements, political consultations, confidence building measures, and cooperation with regional organizations, the Process has served as a platform bringing countries in the Heart of Asia Region together to jointly address common challenges and realize shared interests.
  • Information about the “Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process” Date of Establishment: 2 November 2011 Introduction: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). Goals of the Process: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region. The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state-groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas: 1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process: The Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries: There are 15 Participating Countries in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which are Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)". Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with regional and international organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Regional Cooperation Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries:There are 15 participating countries of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries:Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this process as supporting countries, which includes Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Finland, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America.Regional and International Supporting Organizations:Twelve of the regional and international processes and organizations also participate as supporters of the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially its Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Areas of Cooperation in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process is based on three main areas of cooperation: Political Consultations, Confidence Building Measures, and Cooperation with Regional Organizations. 1. Political Consultations:Political consultations are an important step towards building confidence and generating regional consensus and coherence. This is an intrinsic ingredient of regional cooperation to bring the HoA countries and stakeholders together around a set of common regional interests and to foster understanding. An increase in coherent regional political consultations has the potential to strengthen genuine cooperation in the HoA region.The HoA Process has identified regional political consultation as its primary element to bring Afghanistan, its near and extended neighbors around the table. In fact, the Process has generated a new momentum of regional cooperation in the HoA region and made progress in creating a sense of interconnectedness between the region and Afghanistan. 2. Confidence Building Measures(CBMs) and lead countries:Regional cooperation requires the identification of areas of common interests. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has the following seven different CBMs (one under process) in which one or more than one participating country/ies of the process has the lead: a. Counter Terrorism (CT): Led by Afghanistan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. b. Counter Narcotics (CN): Led by Azerbaijan and the Russia. c. Disaster Management (DM): Led by Kazakhstan and Pakistan. d. (CE): Led by Iran. e. (RI): led by Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. f. (TCI): Led by India. g. (AD): decided upon in Azerbaijan 2017 and is under process, Pakistan and Uzbekistan has declared to lead this CBM. These CBMs promote regional dialogue and cooperation within the Heart of Asia region. Each CBM has one or more lead countries that coordinate the activities and keep track of the progress made in each of these areas. Each CBM also has a desk within the Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a designated person acting as a focal point to follow up with the lead, participating and supporting countries and organizations. 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations:For enhancement of current efforts in the region, the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process works in close cooperation with Regional Organizations. The main aim of this area of cooperation is to create synergy between the regional organizations and supplement each other’s efforts. Decision Making Bodies of the Process:The Heart of Asia Process consists of four main decision making authorities: the Ministerial Conferences (MCs) the highest level, the Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs), Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs), and Regional Technical Groups (RTGs). 1. Ministerial Conferences (MCs):Ministerial Conferences take place on an annual basis. They are a platform, in which participating and supporting parties composed of foreign ministers and high-level officials come together to exchange ideas on the progress, the HoA Process has made during the year and discuss ways to tackle challenges that still lie ahead. The participants continue their deliberations throughout the day of the conference. By delivering their statements of support, all parties reaffirm their commitments to the Process during the MC. Further, the co-chair and host of the next MC is officially announced. Another important outcome of the MC is the annual declaration of the HoA Process that is developed by the senior officials prior to the MC. Each declaration highlights a set of priorities that all participating countries agree to follow in the year ahead. These priorities include areas for fostering dialogue, special initiatives and the emphasis on the timely implementation of the CBMs.Following seven Ministerial Conferences of the Heart of Asia-IP have been held so far: a. 2 Nov. 2011: Istanbul, Turkey b. 14 June 2012: Kabul, Afghanistan c. 26 April 2013: Almaty, Kazakhstan d. 31 October 2014: Beijing, China e. 9 December 2015: Islamabad, Pakistan f. 4 December 2016: Amritsar, India g. 1 December 2017: Baku, Azerbaijan h. 9 December 2019: Istanbul, Turkey Based on the Istanbul Declaration of 2019, the Republic of Tajikistan is the co-chair and host for the 9th eighth Ministerial Conference of the Heart of Asia in 2020. Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs):Senior Official Meetings are held as deemed necessary. Usually, three to four SOMs take place each year. The first SOM of the year sets the theme. The other two SOMs are held to continue political consultations, review the progress of the CBMs and to finalize the ministerial declaration. Political consultations on regional issues within the HoA process takes place during Senior Officials Meetings. SOMs directly influence and shape the discourse and agenda of the MC, and have decision-making authority. SOMs also serve as an important platform, where participating countries, supporting countries and regional and international organizations engage with one another. 3. Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs):Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs) are mostly held in Kabul. They are held on an ad hoc basis, as the Permanent Chair deems necessary. They serve as an initial consultation to highlight a set of issues that are either of particular significance or require urgent attention. AMs are held in order to have an initial discussion with the participating countries before taking on the issue to the Senior Officials level. AMs are also held to do some initial work on behalf of Senior Officials on a particular issue dealing with any of the six CBMs. 4. Regional Technical Group Meetings (RTGs):At the Regional Technical Group Meetings, technical delegates or experts of the HoA region come together to discuss important measures needed for the successful implementation of the CBMs. According to Article 25 of the Beijing Declaration, the lead countries of the CBMs should convene at least two RTGs each year. One RTG Meeting is supposed to take place within two months of each MC and the second no later than four months prior to the following MC. At the first RTG Meeting of the year, the activities for the coming year are identified and prioritized. The second RTG Meeting of the year serves to review progress. Achievements:Since its establishment, the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process has demonstrated its ability to bolster consensus on the political, security, and economic fronts amongst the Heart of Asia participating countries and supporting organizations. The element of political consultations, through the Ministerial Conferences, Senior Officials Meetings, and Ambassadorial Meetings, has been dynamic, inclusive, and productive. However, this element requires further invigoration to become more results-oriented by addressing the obstacles to the political, security, and economic cooperation.The six thematic Confidence Building Measures are major areas that offer the potential to address some of the entrenched issues that Afghanistan and the Heart of Asia Region face. In order to eliminate these obstacles, there needs to be an effective implementation of all CBMs. Effective implementations require an understanding of the dynamics and purpose of each CBM, which is why the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan recently revised the implementation plans of all six CBMs. The new implementation plans are more focused towards specific activities that the lead countries of each CBM must carry out for better cooperation in the region. It is important to note that the Regional Technical Group Meetings aim to strengthen cooperation in each CBM’s thematic area and work towards implementation of activities set in the implementation plans.Lastly, cooperation with regional organizations remains vital to the success of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process. Simultaneously, the HoA-IP can offer to serve as a focal point connecting preeminent regional organizations with each other. Furthermore, the Process can also complement the work of these regional organizations and be a platform for synergy between the regional organizations.The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has achieved a great deal in the past 8 years, since its establishment. Through the three elements, political consultations, confidence building measures, and cooperation with regional organizations, the Process has served as a platform bringing countries in the Heart of Asia Region together to jointly address common challenges and realize shared interests.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) Introduction: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs).
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) Introduction: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). Goals of the Process: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region. The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state-groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas: 1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process: The Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries: There are 15 Participating Countries in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which are Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries: Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this Process as Supporting Countries, which are Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America. Regional and International Supporting Organizations: Twelve of the Regional and International Processes and Organizations also supports the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)". Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with regional and international organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Regional Cooperation Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries:There are 15 participating countries of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries:Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this process as supporting countries, which includes Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Finland, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America.Regional and International Supporting Organizations:Twelve of the regional and international processes and organizations also participate as supporters of the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially its Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Areas of Cooperation in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process is based on three main areas of cooperation: Political Consultations, Confidence Building Measures, and Cooperation with Regional Organizations. 1. Political Consultations:Political consultations are an important step towards building confidence and generating regional consensus and coherence. This is an intrinsic ingredient of regional cooperation to bring the HoA countries and stakeholders together around a set of common regional interests and to foster understanding. An increase in coherent regional political consultations has the potential to strengthen genuine cooperation in the HoA region.The HoA Process has identified regional political consultation as its primary element to bring Afghanistan, its near and extended neighbors around the table. In fact, the Process has generated a new momentum of regional cooperation in the HoA region and made progress in creating a sense of interconnectedness between the region and Afghanistan. 2. Confidence Building Measures(CBMs) and lead countries:Regional cooperation requires the identification of areas of common interests. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has the following seven different CBMs (one under process) in which one or more than one participating country/ies of the process has the lead: a. Counter Terrorism (CT): Led by Afghanistan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. b. Counter Narcotics (CN): Led by Azerbaijan and the Russia. c. Disaster Management (DM): Led by Kazakhstan and Pakistan. d. (CE): Led by Iran. e. (RI): led by Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. f. (TCI): Led by India. g. (AD): decided upon in Azerbaijan 2017 and is under process, Pakistan and Uzbekistan has declared to lead this CBM. These CBMs promote regional dialogue and cooperation within the Heart of Asia region. Each CBM has one or more lead countries that coordinate the activities and keep track of the progress made in each of these areas. Each CBM also has a desk within the Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a designated person acting as a focal point to follow up with the lead, participating and supporting countries and organizations. 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations:For enhancement of current efforts in the region, the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process works in close cooperation with Regional Organizations. The main aim of this area of cooperation is to create synergy between the regional organizations and supplement each other’s efforts. Decision Making Bodies of the Process:The Heart of Asia Process consists of four main decision making authorities: the Ministerial Conferences (MCs) the highest level, the Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs), Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs), and Regional Technical Groups (RTGs). 1. Ministerial Conferences (MCs):Ministerial Conferences take place on an annual basis. They are a platform, in which participating and supporting parties composed of foreign ministers and high-level officials come together to exchange ideas on the progress, the HoA Process has made during the year and discuss ways to tackle challenges that still lie ahead. The participants continue their deliberations throughout the day of the conference. By delivering their statements of support, all parties reaffirm their commitments to the Process during the MC. Further, the co-chair and host of the next MC is officially announced. Another important outcome of the MC is the annual declaration of the HoA Process that is developed by the senior officials prior to the MC. Each declaration highlights a set of priorities that all participating countries agree to follow in the year ahead. These priorities include areas for fostering dialogue, special initiatives and the emphasis on the timely implementation of the CBMs.Following seven Ministerial Conferences of the Heart of Asia-IP have been held so far: a. 2 Nov. 2011: Istanbul, Turkey b. 14 June 2012: Kabul, Afghanistan c. 26 April 2013: Almaty, Kazakhstan d. 31 October 2014: Beijing, China e. 9 December 2015: Islamabad, Pakistan f. 4 December 2016: Amritsar, India g. 1 December 2017: Baku, Azerbaijan h. 9 December 2019: Istanbul, Turkey Based on the Istanbul Declaration of 2019, the Republic of Tajikistan is the co-chair and host for the 9th eighth Ministerial Conference of the Heart of Asia in 2020. Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs):Senior Official Meetings are held as deemed necessary. Usually, three to four SOMs take place each year. The first SOM of the year sets the theme. The other two SOMs are held to continue political consultations, review the progress of the CBMs and to finalize the ministerial declaration. Political consultations on regional issues within the HoA process takes place during Senior Officials Meetings. SOMs directly influence and shape the discourse and agenda of the MC, and have decision-making authority. SOMs also serve as an important platform, where participating countries, supporting countries and regional and international organizations engage with one another. 3. Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs):Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs) are mostly held in Kabul. They are held on an ad hoc basis, as the Permanent Chair deems necessary. They serve as an initial consultation to highlight a set of issues that are either of particular significance or require urgent attention. AMs are held in order to have an initial discussion with the participating countries before taking on the issue to the Senior Officials level. AMs are also held to do some initial work on behalf of Senior Officials on a particular issue dealing with any of the six CBMs. 4. Regional Technical Group Meetings (RTGs):At the Regional Technical Group Meetings, technical delegates or experts of the HoA region come together to discuss important measures needed for the successful implementation of the CBMs. According to Article 25 of the Beijing Declaration, the lead countries of the CBMs should convene at least two RTGs each year. One RTG Meeting is supposed to take place within two months of each MC and the second no later than four months prior to the following MC. At the first RTG Meeting of the year, the activities for the coming year are identified and prioritized. The second RTG Meeting of the year serves to review progress. Achievements:Since its establishment, the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process has demonstrated its ability to bolster consensus on the political, security, and economic fronts amongst the Heart of Asia participating countries and supporting organizations. The element of political consultations, through the Ministerial Conferences, Senior Officials Meetings, and Ambassadorial Meetings, has been dynamic, inclusive, and productive. However, this element requires further invigoration to become more results-oriented by addressing the obstacles to the political, security, and economic cooperation.The six thematic Confidence Building Measures are major areas that offer the potential to address some of the entrenched issues that Afghanistan and the Heart of Asia Region face. In order to eliminate these obstacles, there needs to be an effective implementation of all CBMs. Effective implementations require an understanding of the dynamics and purpose of each CBM, which is why the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan recently revised the implementation plans of all six CBMs. The new implementation plans are more focused towards specific activities that the lead countries of each CBM must carry out for better cooperation in the region. It is important to note that the Regional Technical Group Meetings aim to strengthen cooperation in each CBM’s thematic area and work towards implementation of activities set in the implementation plans.Lastly, cooperation with regional organizations remains vital to the success of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process. Simultaneously, the HoA-IP can offer to serve as a focal point connecting preeminent regional organizations with each other. Furthermore, the Process can also complement the work of these regional organizations and be a platform for synergy between the regional organizations.The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has achieved a great deal in the past 8 years, since its establishment. Through the three elements, political consultations, confidence building measures, and cooperation with regional organizations, the Process has served as a platform bringing countries in the Heart of Asia Region together to jointly address common challenges and realize shared interests.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) Introduction: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). ((TOC)) Goals of the Process: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region. The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state-groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas: 1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process: The Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries: There are 15 Participating Countries in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which are Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries: Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this Process as Supporting Countries, which are Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America. Regional and International Supporting Organizations: Twelve of the Regional and International Processes and Organizations also supports the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)". Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with regional and international organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Regional Cooperation Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries:There are 15 participating countries of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries:Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this process as supporting countries, which includes Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Finland, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America.Regional and International Supporting Organizations:Twelve of the regional and international processes and organizations also participate as supporters of the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially its Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Areas of Cooperation in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process is based on three main areas of cooperation: Political Consultations, Confidence Building Measures, and Cooperation with Regional Organizations. 1. Political Consultations:Political consultations are an important step towards building confidence and generating regional consensus and coherence. This is an intrinsic ingredient of regional cooperation to bring the HoA countries and stakeholders together around a set of common regional interests and to foster understanding. An increase in coherent regional political consultations has the potential to strengthen genuine cooperation in the HoA region.The HoA Process has identified regional political consultation as its primary element to bring Afghanistan, its near and extended neighbors around the table. In fact, the Process has generated a new momentum of regional cooperation in the HoA region and made progress in creating a sense of interconnectedness between the region and Afghanistan. 2. Confidence Building Measures(CBMs) and lead countries:Regional cooperation requires the identification of areas of common interests. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has the following seven different CBMs (one under process) in which one or more than one participating country/ies of the process has the lead: a. Counter Terrorism (CT): Led by Afghanistan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. b. Counter Narcotics (CN): Led by Azerbaijan and the Russia. c. Disaster Management (DM): Led by Kazakhstan and Pakistan. d. (CE): Led by Iran. e. (RI): led by Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. f. (TCI): Led by India. g. (AD): decided upon in Azerbaijan 2017 and is under process, Pakistan and Uzbekistan has declared to lead this CBM. These CBMs promote regional dialogue and cooperation within the Heart of Asia region. Each CBM has one or more lead countries that coordinate the activities and keep track of the progress made in each of these areas. Each CBM also has a desk within the Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a designated person acting as a focal point to follow up with the lead, participating and supporting countries and organizations. 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations:For enhancement of current efforts in the region, the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process works in close cooperation with Regional Organizations. The main aim of this area of cooperation is to create synergy between the regional organizations and supplement each other’s efforts. Decision Making Bodies of the Process:The Heart of Asia Process consists of four main decision making authorities: the Ministerial Conferences (MCs) the highest level, the Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs), Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs), and Regional Technical Groups (RTGs). 1. Ministerial Conferences (MCs):Ministerial Conferences take place on an annual basis. They are a platform, in which participating and supporting parties composed of foreign ministers and high-level officials come together to exchange ideas on the progress, the HoA Process has made during the year and discuss ways to tackle challenges that still lie ahead. The participants continue their deliberations throughout the day of the conference. By delivering their statements of support, all parties reaffirm their commitments to the Process during the MC. Further, the co-chair and host of the next MC is officially announced. Another important outcome of the MC is the annual declaration of the HoA Process that is developed by the senior officials prior to the MC. Each declaration highlights a set of priorities that all participating countries agree to follow in the year ahead. These priorities include areas for fostering dialogue, special initiatives and the emphasis on the timely implementation of the CBMs.Following seven Ministerial Conferences of the Heart of Asia-IP have been held so far: a. 2 Nov. 2011: Istanbul, Turkey b. 14 June 2012: Kabul, Afghanistan c. 26 April 2013: Almaty, Kazakhstan d. 31 October 2014: Beijing, China e. 9 December 2015: Islamabad, Pakistan f. 4 December 2016: Amritsar, India g. 1 December 2017: Baku, Azerbaijan h. 9 December 2019: Istanbul, Turkey Based on the Istanbul Declaration of 2019, the Republic of Tajikistan is the co-chair and host for the 9th eighth Ministerial Conference of the Heart of Asia in 2020. Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs):Senior Official Meetings are held as deemed necessary. Usually, three to four SOMs take place each year. The first SOM of the year sets the theme. The other two SOMs are held to continue political consultations, review the progress of the CBMs and to finalize the ministerial declaration. Political consultations on regional issues within the HoA process takes place during Senior Officials Meetings. SOMs directly influence and shape the discourse and agenda of the MC, and have decision-making authority. SOMs also serve as an important platform, where participating countries, supporting countries and regional and international organizations engage with one another. 3. Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs):Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs) are mostly held in Kabul. They are held on an ad hoc basis, as the Permanent Chair deems necessary. They serve as an initial consultation to highlight a set of issues that are either of particular significance or require urgent attention. AMs are held in order to have an initial discussion with the participating countries before taking on the issue to the Senior Officials level. AMs are also held to do some initial work on behalf of Senior Officials on a particular issue dealing with any of the six CBMs. 4. Regional Technical Group Meetings (RTGs):At the Regional Technical Group Meetings, technical delegates or experts of the HoA region come together to discuss important measures needed for the successful implementation of the CBMs. According to Article 25 of the Beijing Declaration, the lead countries of the CBMs should convene at least two RTGs each year. One RTG Meeting is supposed to take place within two months of each MC and the second no later than four months prior to the following MC. At the first RTG Meeting of the year, the activities for the coming year are identified and prioritized. The second RTG Meeting of the year serves to review progress. Achievements:Since its establishment, the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process has demonstrated its ability to bolster consensus on the political, security, and economic fronts amongst the Heart of Asia participating countries and supporting organizations. The element of political consultations, through the Ministerial Conferences, Senior Officials Meetings, and Ambassadorial Meetings, has been dynamic, inclusive, and productive. However, this element requires further invigoration to become more results-oriented by addressing the obstacles to the political, security, and economic cooperation.The six thematic Confidence Building Measures are major areas that offer the potential to address some of the entrenched issues that Afghanistan and the Heart of Asia Region face. In order to eliminate these obstacles, there needs to be an effective implementation of all CBMs. Effective implementations require an understanding of the dynamics and purpose of each CBM, which is why the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan recently revised the implementation plans of all six CBMs. The new implementation plans are more focused towards specific activities that the lead countries of each CBM must carry out for better cooperation in the region. It is important to note that the Regional Technical Group Meetings aim to strengthen cooperation in each CBM’s thematic area and work towards implementation of activities set in the implementation plans.Lastly, cooperation with regional organizations remains vital to the success of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process. Simultaneously, the HoA-IP can offer to serve as a focal point connecting preeminent regional organizations with each other. Furthermore, the Process can also complement the work of these regional organizations and be a platform for synergy between the regional organizations.The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has achieved a great deal in the past 8 years, since its establishment. Through the three elements, political consultations, confidence building measures, and cooperation with regional organizations, the Process has served as a platform bringing countries in the Heart of Asia Region together to jointly address common challenges and realize shared interests.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) Introduction: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). {(TOC)} Goals of the Process: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region. The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state-groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas: 1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process: The Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries: There are 15 Participating Countries in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which are Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries: Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this Process as Supporting Countries, which are Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America. Regional and International Supporting Organizations: Twelve of the Regional and International Processes and Organizations also supports the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)". Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with regional and international organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Regional Cooperation Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries:There are 15 participating countries of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries:Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this process as supporting countries, which includes Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Finland, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America.Regional and International Supporting Organizations:Twelve of the regional and international processes and organizations also participate as supporters of the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially its Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Areas of Cooperation in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process is based on three main areas of cooperation: Political Consultations, Confidence Building Measures, and Cooperation with Regional Organizations. 1. Political Consultations:Political consultations are an important step towards building confidence and generating regional consensus and coherence. This is an intrinsic ingredient of regional cooperation to bring the HoA countries and stakeholders together around a set of common regional interests and to foster understanding. An increase in coherent regional political consultations has the potential to strengthen genuine cooperation in the HoA region.The HoA Process has identified regional political consultation as its primary element to bring Afghanistan, its near and extended neighbors around the table. In fact, the Process has generated a new momentum of regional cooperation in the HoA region and made progress in creating a sense of interconnectedness between the region and Afghanistan. 2. Confidence Building Measures(CBMs) and lead countries:Regional cooperation requires the identification of areas of common interests. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has the following seven different CBMs (one under process) in which one or more than one participating country/ies of the process has the lead: a. Counter Terrorism (CT): Led by Afghanistan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. b. Counter Narcotics (CN): Led by Azerbaijan and the Russia. c. Disaster Management (DM): Led by Kazakhstan and Pakistan. d. (CE): Led by Iran. e. (RI): led by Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. f. (TCI): Led by India. g. (AD): decided upon in Azerbaijan 2017 and is under process, Pakistan and Uzbekistan has declared to lead this CBM. These CBMs promote regional dialogue and cooperation within the Heart of Asia region. Each CBM has one or more lead countries that coordinate the activities and keep track of the progress made in each of these areas. Each CBM also has a desk within the Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a designated person acting as a focal point to follow up with the lead, participating and supporting countries and organizations. 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations:For enhancement of current efforts in the region, the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process works in close cooperation with Regional Organizations. The main aim of this area of cooperation is to create synergy between the regional organizations and supplement each other’s efforts. Decision Making Bodies of the Process:The Heart of Asia Process consists of four main decision making authorities: the Ministerial Conferences (MCs) the highest level, the Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs), Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs), and Regional Technical Groups (RTGs). 1. Ministerial Conferences (MCs):Ministerial Conferences take place on an annual basis. They are a platform, in which participating and supporting parties composed of foreign ministers and high-level officials come together to exchange ideas on the progress, the HoA Process has made during the year and discuss ways to tackle challenges that still lie ahead. The participants continue their deliberations throughout the day of the conference. By delivering their statements of support, all parties reaffirm their commitments to the Process during the MC. Further, the co-chair and host of the next MC is officially announced. Another important outcome of the MC is the annual declaration of the HoA Process that is developed by the senior officials prior to the MC. Each declaration highlights a set of priorities that all participating countries agree to follow in the year ahead. These priorities include areas for fostering dialogue, special initiatives and the emphasis on the timely implementation of the CBMs.Following seven Ministerial Conferences of the Heart of Asia-IP have been held so far: a. 2 Nov. 2011: Istanbul, Turkey b. 14 June 2012: Kabul, Afghanistan c. 26 April 2013: Almaty, Kazakhstan d. 31 October 2014: Beijing, China e. 9 December 2015: Islamabad, Pakistan f. 4 December 2016: Amritsar, India g. 1 December 2017: Baku, Azerbaijan h. 9 December 2019: Istanbul, Turkey Based on the Istanbul Declaration of 2019, the Republic of Tajikistan is the co-chair and host for the 9th eighth Ministerial Conference of the Heart of Asia in 2020. Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs):Senior Official Meetings are held as deemed necessary. Usually, three to four SOMs take place each year. The first SOM of the year sets the theme. The other two SOMs are held to continue political consultations, review the progress of the CBMs and to finalize the ministerial declaration. Political consultations on regional issues within the HoA process takes place during Senior Officials Meetings. SOMs directly influence and shape the discourse and agenda of the MC, and have decision-making authority. SOMs also serve as an important platform, where participating countries, supporting countries and regional and international organizations engage with one another. 3. Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs):Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs) are mostly held in Kabul. They are held on an ad hoc basis, as the Permanent Chair deems necessary. They serve as an initial consultation to highlight a set of issues that are either of particular significance or require urgent attention. AMs are held in order to have an initial discussion with the participating countries before taking on the issue to the Senior Officials level. AMs are also held to do some initial work on behalf of Senior Officials on a particular issue dealing with any of the six CBMs. 4. Regional Technical Group Meetings (RTGs):At the Regional Technical Group Meetings, technical delegates or experts of the HoA region come together to discuss important measures needed for the successful implementation of the CBMs. According to Article 25 of the Beijing Declaration, the lead countries of the CBMs should convene at least two RTGs each year. One RTG Meeting is supposed to take place within two months of each MC and the second no later than four months prior to the following MC. At the first RTG Meeting of the year, the activities for the coming year are identified and prioritized. The second RTG Meeting of the year serves to review progress. Achievements:Since its establishment, the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process has demonstrated its ability to bolster consensus on the political, security, and economic fronts amongst the Heart of Asia participating countries and supporting organizations. The element of political consultations, through the Ministerial Conferences, Senior Officials Meetings, and Ambassadorial Meetings, has been dynamic, inclusive, and productive. However, this element requires further invigoration to become more results-oriented by addressing the obstacles to the political, security, and economic cooperation.The six thematic Confidence Building Measures are major areas that offer the potential to address some of the entrenched issues that Afghanistan and the Heart of Asia Region face. In order to eliminate these obstacles, there needs to be an effective implementation of all CBMs. Effective implementations require an understanding of the dynamics and purpose of each CBM, which is why the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan recently revised the implementation plans of all six CBMs. The new implementation plans are more focused towards specific activities that the lead countries of each CBM must carry out for better cooperation in the region. It is important to note that the Regional Technical Group Meetings aim to strengthen cooperation in each CBM’s thematic area and work towards implementation of activities set in the implementation plans.Lastly, cooperation with regional organizations remains vital to the success of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process. Simultaneously, the HoA-IP can offer to serve as a focal point connecting preeminent regional organizations with each other. Furthermore, the Process can also complement the work of these regional organizations and be a platform for synergy between the regional organizations.The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has achieved a great deal in the past 8 years, since its establishment. Through the three elements, political consultations, confidence building measures, and cooperation with regional organizations, the Process has served as a platform bringing countries in the Heart of Asia Region together to jointly address common challenges and realize shared interests.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) Introduction: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). Content {{ ToC Goals of the Process:De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul ProcessParticipating CountriesSupporting CountriesRegional and International Supporting Organizations:The Heart of Asia Region: }} Goals of the Process: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region. The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state-groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas: 1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process: The Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries: There are 15 Participating Countries in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which are Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries: Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this Process as Supporting Countries, which are Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America. Regional and International Supporting Organizations: Twelve of the Regional and International Processes and Organizations also supports the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)". Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with regional and international organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Regional Cooperation Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries:There are 15 participating countries of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries:Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this process as supporting countries, which includes Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Finland, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America.Regional and International Supporting Organizations:Twelve of the regional and international processes and organizations also participate as supporters of the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially its Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Areas of Cooperation in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process is based on three main areas of cooperation: Political Consultations, Confidence Building Measures, and Cooperation with Regional Organizations. 1. Political Consultations:Political consultations are an important step towards building confidence and generating regional consensus and coherence. This is an intrinsic ingredient of regional cooperation to bring the HoA countries and stakeholders together around a set of common regional interests and to foster understanding. An increase in coherent regional political consultations has the potential to strengthen genuine cooperation in the HoA region.The HoA Process has identified regional political consultation as its primary element to bring Afghanistan, its near and extended neighbors around the table. In fact, the Process has generated a new momentum of regional cooperation in the HoA region and made progress in creating a sense of interconnectedness between the region and Afghanistan. 2. Confidence Building Measures(CBMs) and lead countries:Regional cooperation requires the identification of areas of common interests. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has the following seven different CBMs (one under process) in which one or more than one participating country/ies of the process has the lead: a. Counter Terrorism (CT): Led by Afghanistan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. b. Counter Narcotics (CN): Led by Azerbaijan and the Russia. c. Disaster Management (DM): Led by Kazakhstan and Pakistan. d. (CE): Led by Iran. e. (RI): led by Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. f. (TCI): Led by India. g. (AD): decided upon in Azerbaijan 2017 and is under process, Pakistan and Uzbekistan has declared to lead this CBM. These CBMs promote regional dialogue and cooperation within the Heart of Asia region. Each CBM has one or more lead countries that coordinate the activities and keep track of the progress made in each of these areas. Each CBM also has a desk within the Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a designated person acting as a focal point to follow up with the lead, participating and supporting countries and organizations. 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations:For enhancement of current efforts in the region, the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process works in close cooperation with Regional Organizations. The main aim of this area of cooperation is to create synergy between the regional organizations and supplement each other’s efforts. Decision Making Bodies of the Process:The Heart of Asia Process consists of four main decision making authorities: the Ministerial Conferences (MCs) the highest level, the Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs), Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs), and Regional Technical Groups (RTGs). 1. Ministerial Conferences (MCs):Ministerial Conferences take place on an annual basis. They are a platform, in which participating and supporting parties composed of foreign ministers and high-level officials come together to exchange ideas on the progress, the HoA Process has made during the year and discuss ways to tackle challenges that still lie ahead. The participants continue their deliberations throughout the day of the conference. By delivering their statements of support, all parties reaffirm their commitments to the Process during the MC. Further, the co-chair and host of the next MC is officially announced. Another important outcome of the MC is the annual declaration of the HoA Process that is developed by the senior officials prior to the MC. Each declaration highlights a set of priorities that all participating countries agree to follow in the year ahead. These priorities include areas for fostering dialogue, special initiatives and the emphasis on the timely implementation of the CBMs.Following seven Ministerial Conferences of the Heart of Asia-IP have been held so far: a. 2 Nov. 2011: Istanbul, Turkey b. 14 June 2012: Kabul, Afghanistan c. 26 April 2013: Almaty, Kazakhstan d. 31 October 2014: Beijing, China e. 9 December 2015: Islamabad, Pakistan f. 4 December 2016: Amritsar, India g. 1 December 2017: Baku, Azerbaijan h. 9 December 2019: Istanbul, Turkey Based on the Istanbul Declaration of 2019, the Republic of Tajikistan is the co-chair and host for the 9th eighth Ministerial Conference of the Heart of Asia in 2020. Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs):Senior Official Meetings are held as deemed necessary. Usually, three to four SOMs take place each year. The first SOM of the year sets the theme. The other two SOMs are held to continue political consultations, review the progress of the CBMs and to finalize the ministerial declaration. Political consultations on regional issues within the HoA process takes place during Senior Officials Meetings. SOMs directly influence and shape the discourse and agenda of the MC, and have decision-making authority. SOMs also serve as an important platform, where participating countries, supporting countries and regional and international organizations engage with one another. 3. Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs):Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs) are mostly held in Kabul. They are held on an ad hoc basis, as the Permanent Chair deems necessary. They serve as an initial consultation to highlight a set of issues that are either of particular significance or require urgent attention. AMs are held in order to have an initial discussion with the participating countries before taking on the issue to the Senior Officials level. AMs are also held to do some initial work on behalf of Senior Officials on a particular issue dealing with any of the six CBMs. 4. Regional Technical Group Meetings (RTGs):At the Regional Technical Group Meetings, technical delegates or experts of the HoA region come together to discuss important measures needed for the successful implementation of the CBMs. According to Article 25 of the Beijing Declaration, the lead countries of the CBMs should convene at least two RTGs each year. One RTG Meeting is supposed to take place within two months of each MC and the second no later than four months prior to the following MC. At the first RTG Meeting of the year, the activities for the coming year are identified and prioritized. The second RTG Meeting of the year serves to review progress. Achievements:Since its establishment, the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process has demonstrated its ability to bolster consensus on the political, security, and economic fronts amongst the Heart of Asia participating countries and supporting organizations. The element of political consultations, through the Ministerial Conferences, Senior Officials Meetings, and Ambassadorial Meetings, has been dynamic, inclusive, and productive. However, this element requires further invigoration to become more results-oriented by addressing the obstacles to the political, security, and economic cooperation.The six thematic Confidence Building Measures are major areas that offer the potential to address some of the entrenched issues that Afghanistan and the Heart of Asia Region face. In order to eliminate these obstacles, there needs to be an effective implementation of all CBMs. Effective implementations require an understanding of the dynamics and purpose of each CBM, which is why the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan recently revised the implementation plans of all six CBMs. The new implementation plans are more focused towards specific activities that the lead countries of each CBM must carry out for better cooperation in the region. It is important to note that the Regional Technical Group Meetings aim to strengthen cooperation in each CBM’s thematic area and work towards implementation of activities set in the implementation plans.Lastly, cooperation with regional organizations remains vital to the success of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process. Simultaneously, the HoA-IP can offer to serve as a focal point connecting preeminent regional organizations with each other. Furthermore, the Process can also complement the work of these regional organizations and be a platform for synergy between the regional organizations.The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has achieved a great deal in the past 8 years, since its establishment. Through the three elements, political consultations, confidence building measures, and cooperation with regional organizations, the Process has served as a platform bringing countries in the Heart of Asia Region together to jointly address common challenges and realize shared interests.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) Introduction: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). {{ToC ContentGoals of the Process:De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul ProcessParticipating CountriesSupporting CountriesRegional and International Supporting Organizations:The Heart of Asia Region: }} Goals of the Process: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region. The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state-groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas: 1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process: The Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries: There are 15 Participating Countries in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which are Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries: Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this Process as Supporting Countries, which are Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America. Regional and International Supporting Organizations: Twelve of the Regional and International Processes and Organizations also supports the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)". Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with regional and international organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Regional Cooperation Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries:There are 15 participating countries of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries:Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this process as supporting countries, which includes Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Finland, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America.Regional and International Supporting Organizations:Twelve of the regional and international processes and organizations also participate as supporters of the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially its Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Areas of Cooperation in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process is based on three main areas of cooperation: Political Consultations, Confidence Building Measures, and Cooperation with Regional Organizations. 1. Political Consultations:Political consultations are an important step towards building confidence and generating regional consensus and coherence. This is an intrinsic ingredient of regional cooperation to bring the HoA countries and stakeholders together around a set of common regional interests and to foster understanding. An increase in coherent regional political consultations has the potential to strengthen genuine cooperation in the HoA region.The HoA Process has identified regional political consultation as its primary element to bring Afghanistan, its near and extended neighbors around the table. In fact, the Process has generated a new momentum of regional cooperation in the HoA region and made progress in creating a sense of interconnectedness between the region and Afghanistan. 2. Confidence Building Measures(CBMs) and lead countries:Regional cooperation requires the identification of areas of common interests. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has the following seven different CBMs (one under process) in which one or more than one participating country/ies of the process has the lead: a. Counter Terrorism (CT): Led by Afghanistan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. b. Counter Narcotics (CN): Led by Azerbaijan and the Russia. c. Disaster Management (DM): Led by Kazakhstan and Pakistan. d. (CE): Led by Iran. e. (RI): led by Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. f. (TCI): Led by India. g. (AD): decided upon in Azerbaijan 2017 and is under process, Pakistan and Uzbekistan has declared to lead this CBM. These CBMs promote regional dialogue and cooperation within the Heart of Asia region. Each CBM has one or more lead countries that coordinate the activities and keep track of the progress made in each of these areas. Each CBM also has a desk within the Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a designated person acting as a focal point to follow up with the lead, participating and supporting countries and organizations. 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations:For enhancement of current efforts in the region, the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process works in close cooperation with Regional Organizations. The main aim of this area of cooperation is to create synergy between the regional organizations and supplement each other’s efforts. Decision Making Bodies of the Process:The Heart of Asia Process consists of four main decision making authorities: the Ministerial Conferences (MCs) the highest level, the Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs), Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs), and Regional Technical Groups (RTGs). 1. Ministerial Conferences (MCs):Ministerial Conferences take place on an annual basis. They are a platform, in which participating and supporting parties composed of foreign ministers and high-level officials come together to exchange ideas on the progress, the HoA Process has made during the year and discuss ways to tackle challenges that still lie ahead. The participants continue their deliberations throughout the day of the conference. By delivering their statements of support, all parties reaffirm their commitments to the Process during the MC. Further, the co-chair and host of the next MC is officially announced. Another important outcome of the MC is the annual declaration of the HoA Process that is developed by the senior officials prior to the MC. Each declaration highlights a set of priorities that all participating countries agree to follow in the year ahead. These priorities include areas for fostering dialogue, special initiatives and the emphasis on the timely implementation of the CBMs.Following seven Ministerial Conferences of the Heart of Asia-IP have been held so far: a. 2 Nov. 2011: Istanbul, Turkey b. 14 June 2012: Kabul, Afghanistan c. 26 April 2013: Almaty, Kazakhstan d. 31 October 2014: Beijing, China e. 9 December 2015: Islamabad, Pakistan f. 4 December 2016: Amritsar, India g. 1 December 2017: Baku, Azerbaijan h. 9 December 2019: Istanbul, Turkey Based on the Istanbul Declaration of 2019, the Republic of Tajikistan is the co-chair and host for the 9th eighth Ministerial Conference of the Heart of Asia in 2020. Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs):Senior Official Meetings are held as deemed necessary. Usually, three to four SOMs take place each year. The first SOM of the year sets the theme. The other two SOMs are held to continue political consultations, review the progress of the CBMs and to finalize the ministerial declaration. Political consultations on regional issues within the HoA process takes place during Senior Officials Meetings. SOMs directly influence and shape the discourse and agenda of the MC, and have decision-making authority. SOMs also serve as an important platform, where participating countries, supporting countries and regional and international organizations engage with one another. 3. Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs):Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs) are mostly held in Kabul. They are held on an ad hoc basis, as the Permanent Chair deems necessary. They serve as an initial consultation to highlight a set of issues that are either of particular significance or require urgent attention. AMs are held in order to have an initial discussion with the participating countries before taking on the issue to the Senior Officials level. AMs are also held to do some initial work on behalf of Senior Officials on a particular issue dealing with any of the six CBMs. 4. Regional Technical Group Meetings (RTGs):At the Regional Technical Group Meetings, technical delegates or experts of the HoA region come together to discuss important measures needed for the successful implementation of the CBMs. According to Article 25 of the Beijing Declaration, the lead countries of the CBMs should convene at least two RTGs each year. One RTG Meeting is supposed to take place within two months of each MC and the second no later than four months prior to the following MC. At the first RTG Meeting of the year, the activities for the coming year are identified and prioritized. The second RTG Meeting of the year serves to review progress. Achievements:Since its establishment, the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process has demonstrated its ability to bolster consensus on the political, security, and economic fronts amongst the Heart of Asia participating countries and supporting organizations. The element of political consultations, through the Ministerial Conferences, Senior Officials Meetings, and Ambassadorial Meetings, has been dynamic, inclusive, and productive. However, this element requires further invigoration to become more results-oriented by addressing the obstacles to the political, security, and economic cooperation.The six thematic Confidence Building Measures are major areas that offer the potential to address some of the entrenched issues that Afghanistan and the Heart of Asia Region face. In order to eliminate these obstacles, there needs to be an effective implementation of all CBMs. Effective implementations require an understanding of the dynamics and purpose of each CBM, which is why the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan recently revised the implementation plans of all six CBMs. The new implementation plans are more focused towards specific activities that the lead countries of each CBM must carry out for better cooperation in the region. It is important to note that the Regional Technical Group Meetings aim to strengthen cooperation in each CBM’s thematic area and work towards implementation of activities set in the implementation plans.Lastly, cooperation with regional organizations remains vital to the success of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process. Simultaneously, the HoA-IP can offer to serve as a focal point connecting preeminent regional organizations with each other. Furthermore, the Process can also complement the work of these regional organizations and be a platform for synergy between the regional organizations.The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has achieved a great deal in the past 8 years, since its establishment. Through the three elements, political consultations, confidence building measures, and cooperation with regional organizations, the Process has served as a platform bringing countries in the Heart of Asia Region together to jointly address common challenges and realize shared interests.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) Introduction: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). {{ToC width=300px ContentGoals of the Process:De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul ProcessParticipating CountriesSupporting CountriesRegional and International Supporting Organizations:The Heart of Asia Region: }} Goals of the Process: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region. The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state-groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas: 1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process: The Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries: There are 15 Participating Countries in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which are Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries: Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this Process as Supporting Countries, which are Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America. Regional and International Supporting Organizations: Twelve of the Regional and International Processes and Organizations also supports the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by the Republic of Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by "14 participating countries" of the Heart of Asia region and 16 supporting countries beyond the region as well as 12 regional and international organizations is leading and coordinating this process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures "(CBMs)". Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. Cooperation with regional and international organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Regional Cooperation Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process. Participating Countries:There are 15 participating countries of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Supporting Countries:Sixteen of Afghanistan’s international partners participate in this process as supporting countries, which includes Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Finland, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America.Regional and International Supporting Organizations:Twelve of the regional and international processes and organizations also participate as supporters of the HoA-IP, which include several bodies of the United Nations (UN) specially its Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN), Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation/Asian Development Bank (CAREC/ADB), Conference of Interactions and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Areas of Cooperation in the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process is based on three main areas of cooperation: Political Consultations, Confidence Building Measures, and Cooperation with Regional Organizations. 1. Political Consultations:Political consultations are an important step towards building confidence and generating regional consensus and coherence. This is an intrinsic ingredient of regional cooperation to bring the HoA countries and stakeholders together around a set of common regional interests and to foster understanding. An increase in coherent regional political consultations has the potential to strengthen genuine cooperation in the HoA region.The HoA Process has identified regional political consultation as its primary element to bring Afghanistan, its near and extended neighbors around the table. In fact, the Process has generated a new momentum of regional cooperation in the HoA region and made progress in creating a sense of interconnectedness between the region and Afghanistan. 2. Confidence Building Measures(CBMs) and lead countries:Regional cooperation requires the identification of areas of common interests. The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has the following seven different CBMs (one under process) in which one or more than one participating country/ies of the process has the lead: a. Counter Terrorism (CT): Led by Afghanistan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. b. Counter Narcotics (CN): Led by Azerbaijan and the Russia. c. Disaster Management (DM): Led by Kazakhstan and Pakistan. d. (CE): Led by Iran. e. (RI): led by Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. f. (TCI): Led by India. g. (AD): decided upon in Azerbaijan 2017 and is under process, Pakistan and Uzbekistan has declared to lead this CBM. These CBMs promote regional dialogue and cooperation within the Heart of Asia region. Each CBM has one or more lead countries that coordinate the activities and keep track of the progress made in each of these areas. Each CBM also has a desk within the Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a designated person acting as a focal point to follow up with the lead, participating and supporting countries and organizations. 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations:For enhancement of current efforts in the region, the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process works in close cooperation with Regional Organizations. The main aim of this area of cooperation is to create synergy between the regional organizations and supplement each other’s efforts. Decision Making Bodies of the Process:The Heart of Asia Process consists of four main decision making authorities: the Ministerial Conferences (MCs) the highest level, the Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs), Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs), and Regional Technical Groups (RTGs). 1. Ministerial Conferences (MCs):Ministerial Conferences take place on an annual basis. They are a platform, in which participating and supporting parties composed of foreign ministers and high-level officials come together to exchange ideas on the progress, the HoA Process has made during the year and discuss ways to tackle challenges that still lie ahead. The participants continue their deliberations throughout the day of the conference. By delivering their statements of support, all parties reaffirm their commitments to the Process during the MC. Further, the co-chair and host of the next MC is officially announced. Another important outcome of the MC is the annual declaration of the HoA Process that is developed by the senior officials prior to the MC. Each declaration highlights a set of priorities that all participating countries agree to follow in the year ahead. These priorities include areas for fostering dialogue, special initiatives and the emphasis on the timely implementation of the CBMs.Following seven Ministerial Conferences of the Heart of Asia-IP have been held so far: a. 2 Nov. 2011: Istanbul, Turkey b. 14 June 2012: Kabul, Afghanistan c. 26 April 2013: Almaty, Kazakhstan d. 31 October 2014: Beijing, China e. 9 December 2015: Islamabad, Pakistan f. 4 December 2016: Amritsar, India g. 1 December 2017: Baku, Azerbaijan h. 9 December 2019: Istanbul, Turkey Based on the Istanbul Declaration of 2019, the Republic of Tajikistan is the co-chair and host for the 9th eighth Ministerial Conference of the Heart of Asia in 2020. Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs):Senior Official Meetings are held as deemed necessary. Usually, three to four SOMs take place each year. The first SOM of the year sets the theme. The other two SOMs are held to continue political consultations, review the progress of the CBMs and to finalize the ministerial declaration. Political consultations on regional issues within the HoA process takes place during Senior Officials Meetings. SOMs directly influence and shape the discourse and agenda of the MC, and have decision-making authority. SOMs also serve as an important platform, where participating countries, supporting countries and regional and international organizations engage with one another. 3. Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs):Ambassadorial Meetings (AMs) are mostly held in Kabul. They are held on an ad hoc basis, as the Permanent Chair deems necessary. They serve as an initial consultation to highlight a set of issues that are either of particular significance or require urgent attention. AMs are held in order to have an initial discussion with the participating countries before taking on the issue to the Senior Officials level. AMs are also held to do some initial work on behalf of Senior Officials on a particular issue dealing with any of the six CBMs. 4. Regional Technical Group Meetings (RTGs):At the Regional Technical Group Meetings, technical delegates or experts of the HoA region come together to discuss important measures needed for the successful implementation of the CBMs. According to Article 25 of the Beijing Declaration, the lead countries of the CBMs should convene at least two RTGs each year. One RTG Meeting is supposed to take place within two months of each MC and the second no later than four months prior to the following MC. At the first RTG Meeting of the year, the activities for the coming year are identified and prioritized. The second RTG Meeting of the year serves to review progress. Achievements:Since its establishment, the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process has demonstrated its ability to bolster consensus on the political, security, and economic fronts amongst the Heart of Asia participating countries and supporting organizations. The element of political consultations, through the Ministerial Conferences, Senior Officials Meetings, and Ambassadorial Meetings, has been dynamic, inclusive, and productive. However, this element requires further invigoration to become more results-oriented by addressing the obstacles to the political, security, and economic cooperation.The six thematic Confidence Building Measures are major areas that offer the potential to address some of the entrenched issues that Afghanistan and the Heart of Asia Region face. In order to eliminate these obstacles, there needs to be an effective implementation of all CBMs. Effective implementations require an understanding of the dynamics and purpose of each CBM, which is why the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan recently revised the implementation plans of all six CBMs. The new implementation plans are more focused towards specific activities that the lead countries of each CBM must carry out for better cooperation in the region. It is important to note that the Regional Technical Group Meetings aim to strengthen cooperation in each CBM’s thematic area and work towards implementation of activities set in the implementation plans.Lastly, cooperation with regional organizations remains vital to the success of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process. Simultaneously, the HoA-IP can offer to serve as a focal point connecting preeminent regional organizations with each other. Furthermore, the Process can also complement the work of these regional organizations and be a platform for synergy between the regional organizations.The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process has achieved a great deal in the past 8 years, since its establishment. Through the three elements, political consultations, confidence building measures, and cooperation with regional organizations, the Process has served as a platform bringing countries in the Heart of Asia Region together to jointly address common challenges and realize shared interests.
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) Introduction: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). {{ToC width=300px Content
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) Introduction: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state-groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs)3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations De-Facto Secretariat of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process:The Directorate General for Regional Cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan is acting as the de-facto Secretariat of the Process.
  • Information about the “Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process” Date of Establishment: 2 November 2011 Introduction: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state-groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas:1. Political Consultations2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs)3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations
  • Information about the “Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process” Date of Establishment: 2 November 2011 Introduction: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state-groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas: *1. Political Consultations*2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs)*3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations
  • Information about the “Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process” Date of Establishment: 2 November 2011 Introduction: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state-groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas: * 1. Political Consultations * 2. Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) * 3. Cooperation with Regional Organizations
  • Information about the “Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process” Date of Establishment: 2 November 2011 Introduction: The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state-groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas: 1. * Political Consultations 2. * Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. * Cooperation with Regional Organizations
  • the “Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process” The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state-groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas: 1. * Political Consultations 2. * Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. * Cooperation with Regional Organizations
  • The “Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process” The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state-groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan’s immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas: 1. * Political Consultations 2. * Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. * Cooperation with Regional Organizations
  • The “Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process” The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). Goals of the Process:The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process aims at promoting and strengthening peace, security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the region through confidence building and enhancing regional cooperation among 15 countries of the Heart of Asia Region.The HoA-IP has become one of the most interactive voluntary state-groupings in the HoA Region. It brings Afghanistan's immediate and extended neighbors as well as international supporters together through the following focus areas: 1. * Political Consultations 2. * Implementation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) 3. * Cooperation with Regional Organizations
  • The Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of the Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey, which was officially launched at a conference hosted by Turkey in Istanbul on 2 November 2011. Since then, Afghanistan supported by fourteen Participating Countries of the Heart of Asia Region and 16 Supporting Countries beyond the region as well as 12 Regional and International Organizations is leading and coordinating this Process. It is a platform for promoting regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs).
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